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Coupling of autoionizing states by a chirped laser pulse
Barbara Ressel, Jurij Urbančič, Primož Rebernik Ribič, Špela Krušič, Žiga Barba, Mateja Hrast, Klemen Bučar, Andrej Mihelič, Matjaž Žitnik, Matija Stupar, David Gauthier, Giovanni De Ninno, 2020, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: We have observed the autoionization of the laser-coupled 2s2p 1Po and 2p2 1Se resonances in helium. The ions were collected while varying the frequency and delay of the extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) excitation pulse with respect to the linearly chirped visible (VIS) laser pulse. From the measured frequency-delay map the Autler- Townes splitting, the EUV-VIS cross-correlation and the linear chirp parameter were extracted.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: High Harmonic Generation
Published: 29.06.2020; Views: 454; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (654,72 KB)

Federica Papi, 2016, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: The karst ecosystem shows heterogeneity and variability of geology, hydrology, morphology and ecology in space and time. Chemical composition of water in karst plays a crucial role not only in dissolution of karst rocks and deposition but also in ecological processes. The heterogeneous nature of karst aquifers leads to difficulties in predicting groundwater flow and contaminant transport direction and travel times. For its position at the top of karst, epikarst represents the interface between surface and underground. Epikarst ecology, biodiversity and fauna have rarely been systematically studied. The typical absence of enterable passages makes necessary an indirect approach. In this research, epikarst biodiversity in relation to environmental conditions was studied in seven Alpine and Pre-Alpine caves, located at different altitudes, in Slovenia and in Italy: Snežna jama na planini Arto (1556 m a.s.l.), Jama pod Babjim zobom (860 m a.s.l.), Zadlaška jama (300 m a.s.l.) and Pološka jama (500 m a.s.l.), in Slovenian Alps and Pre-alps, and Grotta A del Ponte di Veja (600 m a.s.l.), Covolo della Croce (875 m a.s.l.) and Grotta di Roverè Mille (1005 m a.s.l.) in Lessinian Massif. In these caves, percolating water was monthly monitored for fauna in the period of one year. Temperature, discharge, conductivity and pH were measured at the same time, and water samples for the laboratory analyses of total hardness, concentrations of various ions (calcium, chlorine, nitrate, sulphate and phosphate) and dissolved organic carbon were taken. 66 aquatic and terrestrial, mostly hypogean, species were found. Aquatic fauna was dominant in all caves, with the exception of Covolo della Croce. Caves located at higher elevations harbour less diverse communities. No animals were found when discharge was very low and in correspondence of moonmilk formations. The most abundant and diverse group was Copepoda, with thirteen different species and 776 individuals at different maturity stadia, totally representing 61% of the community (between two and three copepod species per cave in Slovenia and between one and six per cave in Italy). The 62% of copepod species were stygobionts. Some copepod species (e.g. Speocyclops infernus) have wide ecological tolerance to environmental variables, other have more restricted tolerances (e.g. Lessinocamptus insoletus). With regard of copepods, there was a good agreement between the number of observed species and the total number of predicted species, confirming that the sampling method was appropriate and sampling complete. Correlations between the copepod community structure and measured parameters, obtained with Pearson correlation coefficient and principal component analysis (PCA) show different patterns. Presence of copepods was positively correlated with conductivity and dissolved organic carbon in Grotta di Roverè Mille, and with carbonate and nitrate in Pološka jama. In other caves not so high correlations were found between copepod species and measured parameters and between pairs of species. Investigations of the Alpine and Pre-alpine epikarst fauna can help to understand better the ecology of the epikarst fauna and its roles within the large range of different shallow subterranean habitats.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Epikarst, Alpine and Pre-Alpine caves, percolating water, speleobiology, fauna.
Published: 31.08.2016; Views: 2798; Downloads: 203
.pdf Fulltext (2,00 MB)

Hexagonal lattice model of the patterns formed by hydrogen-bonded molecules on the surface
Sara Fortuna, David L. Cheung, Alessandro Troisi, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: We model the two-dimensional self-assembly of planar molecules capable of complementary interactions (like hydrogen bonding) as a set of hexagonal tiles on a hexagonal lattice. We use Monte Carlo simulations to study the phase diagrams of three model systems. The phases are characterized using a variety of order parameters, and they are studied as a function of the strength of the complementary interaction energy. This simplified model is proven to be capable of reproducing the phases encountered in real systems, unifying within the same framework most of the structures encountered experimentally.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: self-assembly, self-organisation, Monte Carlo, simulation, lattice model, dicarboxilic acid, hexagonal lattice
Published: 10.10.2016; Views: 2102; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,44 MB)

Polymer Vesicles with a Colloidal Armor of Nanoparticles
Rong Chen, Daniel J. G. Pearce, Sara Fortuna, David L. Cheung, Stefan A. F. Bon, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: The fabrication of polymer vesicles with a colloidal armor made from a variety of nanoparticles is demonstrated. In addition, it is shown that the armored supracolloidal structure can be postmodified through film-formation of soft polymer latex particles on the surface of the polymersome, hereby effectively wrapping the polymersome in a plastic bag, as well as through formation of a hydrogel by disintegrating an assembled polymer latex made from poly(ethyl acrylate-co-methacrylic acid) upon increasing the pH. Furthermore, ordering and packing patterns are briefly addressed with the aid of Monte Carlo simulations, including patterns observed when polymersomes are exposed to a binary mixture of colloids of different size.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Pickering emultion, self-assemblt, Monte Carlo, simulation, nanoparticle, packing, pattern garnd canonical, colloids
Published: 11.10.2016; Views: 2007; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,43 MB)

Phase behaviour of self-assembled monolayers controlled by tuning physisorbed and chemisorbed states: a lattice-model view
Sara Fortuna, David L. Cheung, Karen Johnston, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The self-assembly of molecules on surfaces into 2D structures is important for the bottom-up fabrication of functional nanomaterials, and the self-assembledstructure depends on the interplay between molecule-molecule interactions and molecule-surface interactions. Halogenated benzene derivatives on platinum have been shown to have two distinct adsorption states: a physisorbed state and a chemisorbed state, and the interplay between the two can be expected to have a profound effect on the self-assembly and phase behaviour of these systems. We developed a lattice model that explicitly includes both adsorption states, with representative interactions parameterised using density functional theory calculations. This model was used in Monte Carlo simulations to investigate pattern formation of hexahalogenated benzene molecules on the platinumsurface. Molecules that prefer the physisorbed state were found to self-assemble with ease, depending on the interactions between physisorbed molecules. In contrast, molecules that preferentially chemisorb tend to get arrested in disordered phases. However, changing the interactions between chemisorbed and physisorbed molecules affects the phase behaviour. We propose functionalising molecules in order to tune their adsorption states, as an innovative way to control monolayer structure, leading to a promising avenue for directed assembly of novel 2D structures.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: lattice model, hexagonal lattice, Monte Carlo, DFT, density functional theory, benzene, physisorption, chemisorption, halogenated
Published: 11.10.2016; Views: 2040; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (5,75 MB)

Nanobodies against surface biomarkers enable the analysis of tumor genetic heterogeneity in uveal melanoma Patient Derived Xenografts
Ronan Crepin, David Gentien, Angeline Duche, Audrey Rapinat, Cecile Reyes, Fariba Nemati, Gerald Massonnet, Didier Deacaudin, Selma Djander, Sandrine Moutel, Klervi Even Desrumeaux, Nathalie Cassoux, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Sebastian Amigorena, Franck Perez, Sergio Roman-Roman, Ario de Marco, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Monoclonal antibodies specific for biomarkers expressed on the surface of uveal melanoma (UM) cells would simplify the immune-capture and genomic characterization of heterogeneous tumor cells originated from patient derived xenografts (PDXs). Antibodies against four independent tumor antigens were isolated by panning a nanobody synthetic library. Such antibodies enabled flow-cytometry-based sorting of distinct cell sub-populations from UM PDXs and to analyze their genomic features. The complexity and specificity of the biochemical and genomic biomarker combinations mirrored the UM tumor polyclonality. The data showed that MUC18 is highly and universally displayed at the surface of UM cells with different genetic background and consequently represents a reliable pan-biomarker for their identification and purification. In contrast, the other three biomarkers were detected in very variable combinations in UM PDX cells. The availability of the identified nanobodies will be instrumental in developing clone-specific drug evaluation and rational clinical strategies based on accurate genomic profiling
Found in: osebi
Keywords: nanobodies, uveal melanoma, patient derived xenografts, MUC18, membrane surface biomarkers, panning, tumor polyclonality
Published: 19.04.2017; Views: 2928; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,11 MB)

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