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Compound specific isotope analysis of organophosphorus pesticides
Polonca Trebše, Langping Wu, Jun Yao, Ning Zhang, Hans H. Richnow, 2014, original scientific article

Found in: osebi
Keywords: pesticidi, diklorvos, ometoat, dimetoat, CSIA
Published: 16.06.2016; Views: 1823; Downloads: 7
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)

A nanomesh scaffold for supramolecular nanowire optoelectronic devices
Lei Zhang, Egon Pavlica, Gvido Bratina, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Supramolecular organic nanowires are ideal nanostructures for optoelectronics because they exhibit both efficient exciton generation as a result of their high absorption coefficient and remarkable light sensitivity due to the low number of grain boundaries and high surface-to-volume ratio. To harvest photocurrent directly from supramolecular nanowires it is necessary to wire them up with nanoelectrodes that possess different work functions. However, devising strategies that can connect multiple nanowires at the same time has been challenging. Here, we report a general approach to simultaneously integrate hundreds of supramolecular nanowires of N,N′-dioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylenedicarboximide (PTCDI-C8) in a hexagonal nanomesh scaffold with asymmetric nanoelectrodes. Optimized PTCDI-C8 nanowire photovoltaic devices exhibit a signal-to-noise ratio approaching 107, a photoresponse time as fast as 10 ns and an external quantum efficiency >55%. This nanomesh scaffold can also be used to investigate the fundamental mechanism of photoelectrical conversion in other low-dimensional semiconducting nanostructures.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: fotodetektor, organski polprevodnik, fotoprevodnost, organski kristal, elektronske komponente, nanožice
Published: 05.10.2016; Views: 2597; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (6,46 MB)

Energy response of ISS-CREAM calorimeter with attenuation effect
J. P. Lundquist, H.G. Zhang, 2020, other component parts

Abstract: The NASA mission, Cosmic Ray Energetic And Mass experiment for the International Space Station (ISS-CREAM) is to measure individual cosmic-ray particle energy spectra from protons to iron nuclei, with an energy range from ~1 TeV to the so-called "knee", near 1015eV. Energies of cosmic-ray particles are measured from electromagnetic showers induced by particles in the calorimeter. As a pioneer mission, the balloon-borne CREAM instrument has successfully flown seven times over the Antarctica for a cumulative exposure of 191 days. The CREAM calorimeter has shown sufficient capability to measure energies of cosmic-ray particles by capturing the electromagnetic shower profile within the interested energy range. The ISS-CREAM calorimeter is expected to have a similar performance and, before it was launched, an engineering-unit calorimeter was shipped to CERN for a full beam test. The full performance test includes position, energy, and angle scans of electron and pion beams together with a high voltage scan for calibration and characterization. In addition to the regular analysis for performance test, we also applied an additional step to generate the universal energy responses by correcting the attenuation effect in the calorimeter readout. The general energy responses could be obtained after shifting the incident beam positions to a reference position near the center of the calorimeter, which provided improved energy resolutions. The result of this analysis will be used to determine the incident energies of the cosmic-ray particles in the flight data.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: cosmic rays, high-energy, particle physics, detectors
Published: 29.04.2020; Views: 207; Downloads: 10
.pdf Fulltext (2,54 MB)

Substantial brown carbon emissions from wintertime residential wood burning over France
Jean-Luc Jaffrezo, Valérie Gros, Griša Močnik, Gilles Levigoureux, Marta Dominik-Sègue, Eve Chrétien, Sabrina Pontet, Gregory Gille, Florie Chevrier, Véronique Jacob, Jean-Eudes Petit, Alexandre Albinet, Yunjiang Zhang, Olivier Favez, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Brown carbon (BrC) is known to absorb light at subvisible wavelengths but its optical properties and sources are still poorly documented, leading to large uncertainties in climate studies. Here, we show its major wintertime contribution to total aerosol absorption at 370 nm (18–42%) at 9 different French sites. Moreover, an excellent correlation with levoglucosan (r2 = 0.9 and slope = 22.2 at 370 nm), suggesting important contribution of wood burning emissions to ambient BrC aerosols in France. At all sites, BrC peaks were mainly observed during late evening, linking to local intense residential wood burning during this time period. Furthermore, the geographic origin analysis also highlighted the high potential contribution of local and/or small-regional emissions to BrC. Focusing on the Paris region, twice higher BrC mass absorption efficiency value was obtained for less oxidized biomass burning organic aerosols (BBOA) compared to more oxidized BBOA (e.g., about 4.9 ± 0.2 vs. 2.0 ± 0.1 m2 g−1, respectively, at 370 nm). Finally, the BBOA direct radiative effect was found to be 40% higher when these two BBOA fractions are treated as light-absorbing species, compared to the non-absorbing BBOA scenario.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Brown carbon, Multi sites, Residential wood burning, Mass absorption efficiency, France
Published: 20.07.2020; Views: 124; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,94 MB)

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