Heavy metal analysis with in-situ prepared copper film electrode as a tool for environmental monitoringNana Ivana Hrastnik
, 2017, master's thesis
Abstract: Monitoring and measuring heavy metals in the environment is of great importance and requires sensitive and reliable analytical techniques capable of detecting trace level concentrations.
Nowadays, measurements of heavy metals are usually performed using sophisticated and expensive instrumental techniques, such as atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (AFS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) etc. In this aspect, advanced electroanalytical (stripping) techniques represent a favourable alternative, facilitating sensitive and selective measurements of various analytes using relatively simple, portable and non-expensive instrumentation.
This work is an investigation of novel copper-based electrodes for measuring trace levels of selected heavy metal ions, i.e. mercury(II), lead(II), tin(IV) and nickel(II).
The methods of choice were anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) in combination with the in-situ prepared copper film electrode (CuFE) for measuring low concentrations of mercury(II) and lead(II) (simultaneously) and tin(IV) in the test solutions and adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (AdCSV) for determination of nickel(II).
Metal-film electrodes are regularly employed in electrochemical stripping analysis due to their simple fabrication and surface regeneration. The newly developed CuFE appears to be a cheaper alternative to gold-based electrodes with several attractive electroanalytical characteristics, i.e. with low limits of detection (LOD), good repeatability and favourable linear response.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Copper film electrode, anodic stripping voltammetry, adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry, heavy metals, environment.
Published: 12.09.2017; Views: 3195; Downloads: 175
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