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Extraction of Organochlorine Pesticides from Plastic Pellets and Plastic Type Analysis
Špela Koren, Manca Kovač Viršek, Petra Makorič, Maryline Pflieger, 2017, review article

Abstract: Plastic resin pellets, categorized as microplastics (≤5 mm in diameter), are small granules that can be unintentionally released to the environment during manufacturing and transport. Because of their environmental persistence, they are widely distributed in the oceans and on beaches all over the world. They can act as a vector of potentially toxic organic compounds (e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls) and might consequently negatively affect marine organisms. Their possible impacts along the food chain are not yet well understood. In order to assess the hazards associated with the occurrence of plastic pellets in the marine environment, it is necessary to develop methodologies that allow for rapid determination of associated organic contaminant levels. The present protocol describes the different steps required for sampling resin pellets, analyzing adsorbed organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and identifying the plastic type. The focus is on the extraction of OCPs from plastic pellets by means of a pressurized fluid extractor (PFE) and on the polymer chemical analysis applying Fourier Transform-InfraRed (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The developed methodology focuses on 11 OCPs and related compounds, including dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its two main metabolites, lindane and two production isomers, as well as the two biologically active isomers of technical endosulfan. This protocol constitutes a simple and rapid alternative to existing methodology for evaluating the concentration of organic contaminants adsorbed on plastic pieces.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...on the polymer chemical analysis applying Fourier Transform- InfraRed (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The developed methodology focuses on 11...
Keywords: Environmental Sciences, Issue 125, Microplastics, resin pellets, pesticides, persistent organic pollutants, organochlorine pesticides, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, endosulfan, hexachlorocyclohexane, lindane, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, pressurized fluid extractor
Published: 10.07.2017; Views: 2680; Downloads: 0

VizieR Online Data Catalog: A 1689 HAWK-I J-band image (Petrushevska+, 2016)
Tanja Petrushevska, complete scientific database or corpus

Abstract: The NIR data were obtained with the High Acuity Wide field K-band imager mounted on the VLT (Programmes ID 082.A-0431, 0.83.A-0398, 090.A-0492, 091.A-0108, P.I. Goobar). The HAWK-I has an array of four 2048x2048 HgCdTe detectors covering a total area of 7.5'x7.5' with a sampling of 0.106"/pix per pixel. The chips are separated by a 15" gap.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Clusters: galaxy, Infrared sources...
Keywords: Clusters: galaxy, Infrared sources
Published: 23.01.2018; Views: 2138; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (341,31 KB)

VizieR Online Data Catalog: Measured photometry of SN 2014J from HST (Amanullah+, 2014)
R. Amanullah, Tanja Petrushevska, complete scientific database or corpus

Abstract: We obtained observations (Program DD-13621; PI: Goobar) of SN 2014J with HST in the four UV broadband filters F218W, F225W, F275W, and F336W for seven epochs using a total of seven HST orbits during Cycle 21. In addition to this we also obtained optical broad-, medium-, and narrowband photometry in filters F467M, F631N, and F845M for visits (1, 3) and optical broadband photometry using F438W, F555W, and F814W for the remaining five visits. All observations were obtained with the Wide-Field Camera-3 (WFC3) using the UVIS aperture UVIS2-C512C-SUB.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Supernovae, Photometry: HST, Photometry: UBVRI, Photometry: infrared, Extinction...
Keywords: Supernovae, Photometry: HST, Photometry: UBVRI, Photometry: infrared, Extinction
Published: 23.01.2018; Views: 1852; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (430,24 KB)

Amorphous nanocomposite of polycarbosilanes and aluminum oxide
Andraž Mavrič, 2018, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: This work presents a paradigm for high temperature stabilization of bulk amorphous aluminium oxide. The thermodynamic stabilization is achieved by preparing a nanocomposite, where polymethylsilane dendritic molecules are dispersed in an aluminium hydroxide gel. Upon heat-treatment the gel transforms to the amorphous aluminium oxide that is stable up to 900°C. The dispersion of the macromolecules and their covalent bonding to the alumina matrix induce homogeneously distributed strain fields that keep the alumina amorphous. The first part of the thesis focuses on the synthesis, characterization and solubility properties of the dendritic polymethylsilane. The polymethylsilane is synthetized by electrochemical polymerization from trichloromethylsilane monomer. The polymerization mechanism, involving a single polymerization pathway, is identified. The polymer growth proceeds through reduction of the monomers to the silyl anions and their addition to the growing polymer. The solubility of three chemically related but topologically different polysilanes (linear, dendritic and network) were studied by dynamic light scattering. At room temperature the agglomerates in a range from 500 to 1300 nm are present. They undergo de-agglomeration at slightly elevated temperatures of around 40°C. The de-agglomeration results in formation of stable solutions, where a hydrodynamic diameter of the individual polymer molecules was measured to be in a range from 20 to 40 nm. The obtained diameters of two dendritic polymethylsilane macromolecules, synthesized under different electrolysis conditions, are much larger than the theoretical size estimated for an ideal dendrimer. We determined by 29Si NMR that the reason for this is in a large number of branching irregularities (defects) contained in the molecular structure. Combining the experimental values obtained by DLS and density measurements with a structural model that considers the branching irregularities, it is shown that the inclusion of the defects allows the dendritic polymer to exceed the sterical limitations and form the hyperbranched dendritic structure. The final size depends on a relative amount of the branching defects. In the second part, the synthetized polymethylsilane molecules were successfully used for the nanocomposite formation. The aluminium hydroxide gel with the dispersed polymethylsilane molecules was prepared as a precursor. Upon heat-treatment it gives the amorphous aluminium oxide stable up to 900°C. The dispersed macromolecules induce homogeneously distributed strain fields that keep the aluminium oxide amorphous during the thermal treatment the dispersed macromolecules covalently bind to the matrix, inducing the interface strain. The amorphous state was confirmed by the presence of penta-coordinated aluminium detected by 27Al NMR and a low bandgap measured by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy...
Keywords: amorphous aluminium oxide, polymethylsilane, nanocomposite, electropolymerization, solubility, agglomeration, de-agglomeration, dendrimer, hyperbranched dendritic structure, dynamic light scattering, thermal analysis, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy
Published: 19.07.2018; Views: 3423; Downloads: 145
.pdf Fulltext (5,07 MB)

Medium-range structure of vitreous SiO2 obtained through first-principles investigation of vibrational spectra
Alfredo Pasquarello, Paolo Umari, Luigi Giacomazzi, 2009, original scientific article

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...silica, Raman, infrared, v-DOS, first-principles, glass...
Keywords: silica, Raman, infrared, v-DOS, first-principles, glass
Published: 15.10.2018; Views: 1738; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (874,77 KB)

First principles vibrational spectra of tetrahedrally-bonded glasses: sio2, geo2 and gese2
Luigi Giacomazzi, 2007, doctoral dissertation

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Germania, Chalcogenide Glasses, Vibrational Spectra, Raman Spectroscopy, Infrared, First-principles,...
Keywords: Silica, Germania, Chalcogenide Glasses, Vibrational Spectra, Raman Spectroscopy, Infrared, First-principles
Published: 31.01.2019; Views: 2257; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,03 MB)

Tidal Disruption Events seen through the eyes of Vera C. Rubin Observatory
Katja Bučar Bricman, 2021, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Tidal Disruption Events (TDEs) are rare transients, which are considered to be promising tools in probing supermassive black holes (SMBHs) and their environments in quiescent galaxies, accretion physics, and jet formation mechanisms. The majority of $\approx$ 60 detected TDEs has been discovered with large field of view time-domain surveys in the last two decades. Currently, about 10 TDEs are discovered per year, and we expect this number will increase largely once the Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) at Vera C. Rubin Observatory begins its observations. In this work we demonstrate and explore the capabilities of the LSST to study TDEs. To begin with, we simulate LSST observations of TDEs over $10$ years of survey duration by including realistic SED models from MOSFiT into the simulation framework of the LSST. SEDs are then converted into observed fluxes and light curves are simulated with the LSST observing strategy minion_1016. Simulated observations are used to estimate the number of TDEs the LSST is expected to observe and to assess the possibility of probing the SMBH mass distribution in the Universe with the observed TDE sample. We find that the LSST has a potential of observing ~1000 TDEs per year, the exact number depending on the SMBH mass distribution and the adopted observing strategy. In spite of this large number, we find that probing the SMBH mass distribution with LSST observed TDEs will not be straightforward, especially at the low-mass end. This is largely attributed to the fact that TDEs caused by low-mass black holes ($\le 10^6 M_\odot$) are less luminous and shorter than TDEs by heavier SMBHs ($> 10^6 M_\odot$), and the probability of observationally missing them with LSST is higher. Second, we built a MAF TDE metric for photometric identification of TDEs based on LSST data. We use the metric to evaluate the performance of different proposed survey strategies in identifying TDEs with pre-defined identification requirements. Since TDEs are blue in color for months after peak light, which separates them well from SNe and AGN, we include u-band observations as one of the criteria for a positive identification. We find that the number of identified TDEs strongly depends of the observing strategy and the number of u-band visits to a given field in the sky. Observing strategies with a larger number of u-band observations perform significantly better. For these strategies up to 10% of LSST observed TDEs satisfy the identification requirements.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Ground-based ultraviolet, optical and infrared telescopes Astronomical catalogs, atlases, sky surveys, databases, retrieval...
Keywords: Ground-based ultraviolet, optical and infrared telescopes Astronomical catalogs, atlases, sky surveys, databases, retrieval systems, archives, Black holes, Galactic nuclei (including black holes), circumnuclear matter, and bulges, Infall, accretion, and accretion disks
Published: 03.01.2022; Views: 125; Downloads: 6
.pdf Fulltext (13,69 MB)

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