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The parameters that set word order in Slovenian Sign Language
Matic Pavlič, 2015, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The field of word order (WO) research in oral languages was opened with Greenberg (1963), who discovered that possible WOs are not evenly distributed in his sample of 30 languages. Linguists have ever since struggled to find out how do prevalent WOs emerge in the human brain (for the overview see Kemmerer 2012), how they are derived (for the overview see Dryer and Haspelmath 2013) and acquired (for the overview see Franck et al. 2013). According to Generative Grammar, basic WO is an output of the Head parameter (Chomsky 1981) and the Binarity principle (Kayne 1984). It reflects most transparently in the pragmatically unmarked surface order of subject, object and verb. The research on WO in sign languages (for the overview see Leeson and Saeed 2012) focused on exceptions, that may be triggered by modality specific factors: spacial verb-argument agreement, semantic reversibility and iconicity. In this paper I provide the first description of Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ) arguing that its basic WO is SVO. I examine overt agreement and semantic reversibility and conclude, that these phenomena do not affect WO in SZJ. In the second part, I discuss non-basic SZJ WO that appears in role-shifting and classffer constructions due to the presence of verb-incorporated object classffers. All examples are from SZJ, elicited from L1 SZJ signers by Picture Description Task (see Volterra et al. 1984).
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Word order, Slovenian Sign Language, classifier predicate
Published: 07.11.2017; Views: 3230; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (452,39 KB)

Classifier predicate as a small clause in Slovenian Sign Language
Matic Pavlič, 2017, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: In Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ), classifier predicate cannot be negated and thus it does not qualify as the head of a verb phrase. Such a conclusion does not rule out the possibility that SZJ classifier predicate projects a reduced clausal structure. I analyze these SZJ classifier predicates as non-verbal predicates that form a small-clause structure assuming that classifier small clause is selected by an overt (HAVE) or a covert verbal head. This proposal explains the complexity of classifier predicates. Being a non-verbal projection, classifier predicate fails to move with a verbal V-to-T movement and stays in situ. For SVO languages such as SZJ, this analysis correctly predicts the change from the basic SVO to the non-basic SOV for transitive classifier predicates and from the basic SVOdOi to the non-basic SOdVOi for ditransitive classifier predicates.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Slovenian Sign Language, classifier predicate, small clause, word order...
Keywords: Slovenian Sign Language, classifier predicate, small clause, word order
Published: 10.11.2017; Views: 3166; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (69,48 KB)

The effect of a classifier predicate on the word order in an SVO sign language
Matic Pavlič, 2016, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The effect of a classifier predicate on the word order in transitive sentences is a well known phenomenon in sign language (SL) linguistics, while Sze (2003) is the only author noticing it in ditransitive sentences. In this study, I examine the word order of transitive and ditransitive sentences with a classifier predicate and provide a part-of-the-speech analysis of this predicate in Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ).
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Slovenian Sign Lanugage, classifier predicate, word order, transitives, ditransitives
Published: 10.11.2017; Views: 2892; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (71,44 KB)

Measuring free word order: Some empirical and modeling perspectives
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: Languages manifesting flexibility of word order (within the sentence's compositional meaning) have always presented a challenge for modern theories of syntax requiring any deviation from the canonical word order to be grammatically motivated. Parasyntactic motivations such as information structural or stylistic requirements may account for some portion of this flexibility, but not all of it. In addition, native speakers do not necessarily accept canonical and non-canonical word orders to an equal extent. In fact, the latter typically receive lower acceptability scores than the former, albeit above the subjective threshold for what would count as "ungrammatical". Some of the combinatorially possible word orders are not acceptable at all. In this experimental study we scrutinize different word order sequences in a free word order language (Serbo-Croatian) and attempt to isolate independent displacement factors responsible for various elements of the sentence appearing away from their canonical structural positions. We explore differential and cumulative effects of these independent factors to predict speakers' acceptability scores.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Free word order, experimental syntax, Serbo-Croatian, sentence acceptability task
Published: 11.02.2021; Views: 1239; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (60,25 KB)

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