FR-0 jetted active galaxiesChiara Righi
, Jon Paul Lundquist
, Giacomo Bonnoli
, Fabrizio Tavecchio
, Serguei Vorobiov
, Paolo Da Vela
, Anita Reimer
, Margot Boughelilba
, Lukas Merten
, 2021, published scientific conference contribution
Abstract: Fanaroff-Riley (FR) 0 radio galaxies form a low-luminosity extension to the well-established ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) candidate accelerators FR-1 and FR-2 galaxies. Their much higher number density — up to a factor five times more numerous than FR-1 with z ≤ 0.05 — makes them good candidate sources for an isotropic contribution to the observed UHECR flux.
Here, the acceleration and survival of UHECR in prevailing conditions of the FR-0 environment are discussed.
First, an average spectral energy distribution (SED) is compiled based on the FR0CAT. These photon fields, composed of a jet and a host galaxy component, form a minimal target photon field for the UHECR, which will suffer from electromagnetic pair production, photo-disintegration, photo-meson production losses, and synchrotron radiation. The two most promising acceleration scenarios based on Fermi-I order and gradual shear acceleration are discussed as well as different
When an efficient acceleration mechanism precedes gradual shear acceleration, e.g., Fermi-I orothers, FR-0 galaxies are likely UHECR accelerators. Gradual shear acceleration requires a jet
Lorentz factor of Gamma>1.6, to be faster than the corresponding escape. In less optimistic models, a contribution to the cosmic-ray flux between the knee and ankle is expected to be relatively independent of the realized turbulence and acceleration.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...a low-luminosity extension to the well-established ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) candidate accelerators FR-1 and FR-2 galaxies.... ...m electromagnetic pair production, photo-disintegration, photo-meson production losses, and synchrotron radiation. The two most promising...
Keywords: jetted active galaxies, FR-0 radiogalaxies, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, cosmic ray acceleration, cosmic ray energy losses
Published: 16.08.2021; Views: 212; Downloads: 0
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