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Galactic Dark Matter signal and the Fermi-LAT measurement of the diffuse gamma-ray emission
Gabrijela Zaharijas, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: We study diffuse gamma-ray emission at intermediate Galactic latitudes measured by the Fermi LAT with the aim of searching for a signal from dark matter annihilation or decay. In the absence of a robust dark matter signal, constraints are presented. We present and improve upon conservative dark matter limits obtained with no modeling of the foreground astrophysical diffuse emission. We do so, by taking into account uncertainties in several parameters which characterize conventional astrophysical emission and using a profile likelihood formalism. The resulting limits impact the range of particle masses over which dark matter thermal production in the early Universe is possible, and challenge the interpretation of the PAMELA/Fermi-LAT cosmic ray anomalies as annihilation of dark matter.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Dark matter, high- energy gamma rays...
Keywords: Dark matter, high-energy gamma rays
Published: 21.03.2016; Views: 2956; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,04 MB)

Search for Physics beyond the Standard Model with the CRESST Experiment
2017, master's thesis

Abstract: In spite of the successes of observational astro- and particle physics and cosmology very much of the universe remains unknown. The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory describing the electromagnetic, weak, and strong nuclear interactions, as well as classifying all the subatomic particles known. But there is overwhelming evidence, that all the known particles, the ordinary (baryonic) matter, the building blocks of planets, stars and ourselves, only make up about 4.9% of the energy content of the universe. The standard model of cosmology (CDM) indicates that the total mass-energy of the universe contains beside the 4.9% ordinary matter two other components: 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy. The accelerating expansion of the Universe is the result of the effect of the dark energy with its most simple form given by a cosmological constant in Einstein's Equation. Dark matter is an unidentified type of matter that is not accounted for by dark energy and neutrinos and is generally believed to be a non-relativistic, charge neutral and non-baryonic new form of matter. Although dark matter has not been directly observed yet, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational effects such as the motions of visible matter, gravitational lensing, its influence on the universe's large-scale structure, and its effects in the cosmic microwave background. Thus the search for Dark Matter is the search for physics beyond the standard model. Although the nature of dark matter is yet unknown, its presence is crucial to understanding the future of the universe. The CRESST experiment is searching for direct evidence in the form of a nuclear recoil induced on a scintillating CaWO4 crystal by a dark matter particle, and is installed and taking data underground at Laboratory Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy. While both, dark energy and dark matter, have not been detected directly, a class of dark matter particles that interact only via gravity and the weak force, referred to asWeakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), has been established as the leading candidate among the dark matter community. For this thesis a special model of dark matter was studied, namely the dark photon. This thesis provides a detailed description of the calculation of the 90% upper limit on the dark photon kinetic mixing based on data from the second phase of the CRESST experiment. The analysis was carried out in a frequentist approach based on the (unbinned) maximum-likelihood method and likelihood ratios. To make a statement about the calculated result and its quality, the used algorithm had to be tested, what was done with Monte Carlo simulations (pseudo data).
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...4.9% ordinary matter two other components: 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy. The accelerating...
Keywords: astro physics, particle physics, cosmology, universe, Standard Model of particle physics, standard model of cosmology, matter, ordinary matter, dark matter, dark energy, accelerating expansion of the Universe, non-baryonic, new form of matter, gravitational lensing, cosmic microwave background, search for physics beyond the standard model, CRESST experiment, direct detection, CaWO4 crystal, underground laboratory, Laboratory Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, WIMP, dark photon, 90% upper limit, upper limit, kinetic mixing, frequentist approach, unbinned, maximum likelihood
Published: 13.10.2017; Views: 2677; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (10,71 MB)

Constraining dark matter particle properties with Fermi-LAT and the Cherenkov Telescope Array
Christopher Eckner, 2020, doctoral dissertation

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...dark matter, astroparticle physics, high- energy gamma-ray astronomy, cosmic rays, Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov...
Keywords: dark matter, astroparticle physics, high-energy gamma-ray astronomy, cosmic rays, Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope, Cherenkov Telescope Array, Fermi Large Area Telescope
Published: 29.09.2020; Views: 1409; Downloads: 43
.pdf Fulltext (68,77 MB)

Two-integral distribution functions in axisymmetric galaxies: Implications for dark matter searches
Piero Ullio, Mihael Petač, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: We address the problem of reconstructing the phase-space distribution function for an extended collisionless system, with known density profile and in equilibrium within an axisymmetric gravitational potential. Assuming that it depends on only two integrals of motion, namely the energy and the component of the angular momentum along the axis of symmetry Lz , there is a one-to-one correspondence between the density profile and the component of the distribution function that is even in Lz, as well as between the weighted azimuthal velocity profile and the odd component. This inversion procedure was originally proposed by Lynden-Bell and later refined in its numerical implementation by Hunter and Qian; after overcoming a technical difficulty, we apply it here for the first time in presence of a strongly flattened component, as a novel approach of extracting the phase-space distribution function for dark matter particles in the halo of spiral galaxies. We compare results obtained for realistic axisymmetric models to those in the spherical symmetric limit as assumed in previous analyses, showing the rather severe shortcomings in the latter. We then apply the scheme to the Milky Way and discuss the implications for the direct dark matter searches. In particular, we reinterpret the null results of the Xenon1T experiment for spin-(in)dependent interactions and make predictions for the annual modulation of the signal for a set of axisymmetric models, including a self-consistently defined corotating halo.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...only two integrals of motion, namely the energy and the component of the angular momentum...
Keywords: dark matter, astrophysics of galaxies, high energy physics, phenomenology
Published: 01.10.2021; Views: 338; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,22 MB)

Testing the predictions of axisymmetric distribution functions of galactic dark matter with hydrodynamical simulations
Emmanuel Nezri, Julien Lavalle, Arturo Núñez-Castiñeyra, Mihael Petač, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: Signal predictions for galactic dark matter (DM) searches often rely on assumptions regarding the DM phase-space distribution function (DF) in halos. This applies to both particle (e.g. p-wave suppressed or Sommerfeld-enhanced annihilation, scattering off atoms, etc.) and macroscopic DM candidates (e.g. microlensing of primordial black holes). As experiments and observations improve in precision, better assessing theoretical uncertainties becomes pressing in the prospect of deriving reliable constraints on DM candidates or trustworthy hints for detection. Most reliable predictions of DFs in halos are based on solving the steady-state collisionless Boltzmann equation (e.g. Eddington-like inversions, action-angle methods, etc.) consistently with observational constraints. One can do so starting from maximal symmetries and a minimal set of degrees of freedom, and then increasing complexity. Key issues are then whether adding complexity, which is computationally costy, improves predictions, and if so where to stop. Clues can be obtained by making predictions for zoomed-in hydrodynamical cosmological simulations in which one can access the true (coarse-grained) phase-space information. Here, we test an axisymmetric extension of the Eddington inversion to predict the full DM DF from its density profile and the total gravitational potential of the system. This permits to go beyond spherical symmetry, and is a priori well suited for spiral galaxies. We show that axisymmetry does not necessarily improve over spherical symmetry because the (observationally unconstrained) angular momentum of the DM halo is not generically aligned with the baryonic one. Theoretical errors are similar to those of the Eddington inversion though, at the 10-20% level for velocity-dependent predictions related to particle DM searches in spiral galaxies. We extensively describe the approach and comment on the results.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...cosmology, nongalactic astrophysics, astrophysics of galaxies, high energy physics...
Keywords: galaxy dynamics, dark matter experiments, dark matter simulations, dark matter theory, cosmology, nongalactic astrophysics, astrophysics of galaxies, high energy physics
Published: 01.10.2021; Views: 328; Downloads: 18
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)
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Equilibrium axisymmetric halo model for the Milky Way and its implications for direct and indirect dark matter searches
Mihael Petač, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: We for the first time provide self-consistent axisymmetric phase-space distribution models for the Milky Way's dark matter (DM) halo which are carefully matched against the latest kinematic measurements through Bayesian analysis. By using broad priors on the individual galactic components, we derive conservative estimates for the astrophysical factors entering the interpretation of direct and indirect DM searches. While the resulting DM density profiles are in good agreement with previous studies, implying ρ⊙≈10-2 M⊙/pc3, the presence of baryonic disc leads to significant differences in the local DM velocity distribution in comparison with the standard halo model. For direct detection, this implies roughly 30% stronger cross section limits at DM masses near detectors maximum sensitivity and up to an order of magnitude weaker limits at the lower end of the mass range. Furthermore, by performing Monte Carlo simulations for the upcoming DARWIN and DarkSide-20k experiments, we demonstrate that upon successful detection of heavy DM with coupling just below the current limits, the carefully constructed axisymmetric models can eliminate bias and reduce uncertainties by more then 50% in the reconstructed DM coupling and mass, but also help in a more reliable determination of the scattering operator. Furthermore, the velocity anisotropies induced by the baryonic disc can lead to significantly larger annual modulation amplitude and sizable differences in the directional distribution of the expected DM-induced events. For indirect searches, we provide the differential J factors and compute several moments of the relative velocity distribution that are needed for predicting the rate of velocity-dependent annihilations. However, we find that accurate predictions are still hindered by large uncertainties regarding the DM distribution near the galactic center.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...dark matter, astrophysics, galaxies, high energy physics, experiments, phenomenology...
Keywords: dark matter, astrophysics, galaxies, high energy physics, experiments, phenomenology
Published: 01.10.2021; Views: 303; Downloads: 8
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)
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