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 91 - 100 / 1726789101112131415 91.Measurement of the proton-air cross section with Telescope Array’s Middle Drum detector and surface array in hybrid modeJ. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, original scientific articleFound in: ključnih besedahSummary of found: ...Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physics...Keywords: Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physicsPublished: 27.04.2020; Views: 1509; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (409,81 KB) 92.The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array’s Middle Drum Detector and surface arrayJ. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, original scientific articleAbstract: The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energyPublished: 27.04.2020; Views: 1479; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (3,12 MB) 93.Indications of Proton-Dominated Cosmic-Ray Composition above 1.6 EeVJ. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2010, original scientific articleAbstract: We report studies of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of air shower maximum (Xmax), for air shower events collected by the High-Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) observatory. The HiRes data are consistent with a constant elongation rate d⟨Xmax⟩/d[log(E)] of 47.9 ± 6.0 (stat) ± 3.2 (syst) g/cm^2/decade for energies between 1.6 and 63 EeV, and are consistent with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II high-energy hadronic interaction models. These measurements constrain models in which the galactic-to-extragalactic transition is the cause of the energy spectrum ankle at 4×10^18 eV.Found in: ključnih besedahSummary of found: ...We report studies of ultrahigh- energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of...Keywords: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energyPublished: 27.04.2020; Views: 1506; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (314,89 KB) 94.Supergalactic Structure of Energy-Angle CorrelationsP. Sokolsky, J. P. Lundquist, 2020, published scientific conference contributionAbstract: Evidence for the supergalactic structure of multiplets (energy-angle correlations) has previously been shown using ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) data from Telescope Array (TA) with energies above 10^19 eV. The supergalactic deflection hypothesis (that UHECR sources and intervening magnetic fields are correlated) is measured by the all-sky behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale correlations. The multiplets are measured in spherical surface wedge bins of the field-of-view to account for uniform and random magnetic fields. The structure found is consistent with the previously published energy spectrum anisotropy results of TA and toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet. The 7 year data post-trial significance of this feature appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, was found by Monte Carlo simulation to be ∼4σ. The analysis has now been applied to 10 years of data.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: Cosmic rays, UHECR, energy spectrum, magnetic deflection, large-scale structure, supergalactic, multipletsPublished: 27.04.2020; Views: 1453; Downloads: 54 Fulltext (1,66 MB) 95.Improving Particle Identification with Resistant Track Finding for the ISS-CREAM CalorimeterJ. P. Lundquist, published scientific conference contribution abstractAbstract: Moving from Antarctic balloons to the International Space Station the Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass detector (ISS-CREAM) has begun taking the highest energy direct measurements of cosmic ray (CR) particles ever attempted. ISS-CREAM will investigate how the energy distributions evolve, for protons all the way to iron nuclei, and will provide important information for models of galactic sources and CR propagation. The CR particle identification can be significantly improved by tracking particle-detector interactions from the calorimeter (for energy measurement) back to the Silicon Charge Detector for atomic number determination. A track finding algorithm resistant to such issues as particle multiplicity, backscatter, and noise is outlined.Found in: ključnih besedahSummary of found: ...detector (ISS-CREAM) has begun taking the highest energy direct measurements of cosmic ray (CR) particles...Keywords: cosmic rays, high energy, track findingPublished: 28.04.2020; Views: 1518; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (3,23 MB) 96.Supergalactic Structure of Multiplets with the Telescope Array Surface DetectorP. Sokolsky, J. P. Lundquist, 2019, published scientific conference contributionAbstract: Evidence of supergalactic structure of multiplets has been found for ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with energies above 10^19 eV using 7 years of data from the Telescope Array (TA) surface detector. The tested hypothesis is that UHECR sources, and intervening magnetic fields, may be correlated with the supergalactic plane, as it is a fit to the average matter density within the GZK horizon. This structure is measured by the average behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale correlations between event energy and position (multiplets). These multiplets are measured in wedge-like shapes on the spherical surface of the fieldof-view to account for uniform and random magnetic fields. The evident structure found is consistent with toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet and the previously published Hot/Coldspot results of TA. The post-trial probability of this feature appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo simulation to be ~4.5σ.Found in: ključnih besedahSummary of found: ...of multiplets has been found for ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with energies above 10^19...Keywords: UHECR, cosmic rays, energy spectrum, anisotropy, large-scale structure, magnetic deflectionPublished: 28.04.2020; Views: 1593; Downloads: 98 Fulltext (1,38 MB) 97.Evidence of Intermediate-Scale Energy Spectrum Anisotropy in the Northern Hemisphere from Telescope ArrayJ. P. Lundquist, 2018, published scientific conference contributionAbstract: Evidence of an energy dependent intermediate-scale anisotropy has been found in the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays in the northern hemisphere, using 7 years of TA surface detector data. The previously reported hot spot" excess E ≥ 10^19.75 EeV is found to correspond to a deficit, or cold spot," of events for 10^19.2≤ E < 10^19.75 EeV. This feature suggests energy dependent magnetic deflection of cosmic-rays. The global post-trial significance of the energy spectrum deviation is found to be 3.74σ.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: UHECR, cosmic rays, energy spectrum, anisotropy, magnetic deflectionPublished: 28.04.2020; Views: 1508; Downloads: 49 Fulltext (4,87 MB) 98.Telescope Array Hot/Coldspot Study – Intermediate Scale AnisotropyJ. P. Lundquist, published scientific conference contribution abstractAbstract: Indications of energy dependent intermediate scale anisotropy has been found in the arrival directions of ultra high energy cosmic rays with energies above 20 EeV in the northern hemisphere, using 7 years of TA surface detector data. The previously reported “hotspot‘” excess for E>57 EeV is found to correspond to a deficit, or “coldspot ”, of events for energies 2057 EeV has a Li Ma statistical significance of 4.62σ, and the deficit for energies 20Found in: ključnih besedahSummary of found: ...Indications of energy dependent intermediate scale anisotropy has been found...Keywords: cosmic rays, energy spectrum, anisotropy, magnetic deflectionPublished: 28.04.2020; Views: 1454; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (2,25 MB) 99.Track Reconstruction for ISS-CREAM Resulting in Improved Energy and Charge ResolutionsJ. P. Lundquist, 2019, published scientific conference contributionAbstract: Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass for the International Space Station (ISS-CREAM) has taken 1.5 years of direct measurements of high-energy cosmic ray (HECR) particles for energies from 10^12 to 10^15 eV. HECR particle identification is significantly improved by tracking particle-detector interactions from the calorimeter (CAL) back to the Silicon Charge Detector (SCD) for charge determination. A track finding algorithm resistant to such issues as particle multiplicity, backscatter, and electronic noise will be outlined. Also, shown is the energy resolution improvement, and the resulting all particle spectrum, provided by ensuring good particle tracks. This allows ISSCREAM to investigate how the energy distributions evolve, for protons all the way to iron nuclei, and will provide important information for models of galactic sources and HECR propagation.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: cosmic rays, high energy, detectors, track fittingPublished: 28.04.2020; Views: 1518; Downloads: 52 Fulltext (481,98 KB) 100.Evidence of Intermediate-Scale Energy Spectrum Anisotropy of Cosmic Rays E>10^19.2 eV with the Telescope Array Surface DetectorJ. P. Lundquist, published scientific conference contribution abstractAbstract: Evidence of an intermediate-scale energy spectrum anisotropy has been found in the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays of energies above 10^19.2 eV in the northern hemisphere, using 7 years of Telescope Array (TA) surface detector (SD) data. A relative energy distribution test is done comparing events inside oversampled spherical caps of equal exposure, to those outside, using the Poisson likelihood ratio. The center of maximum significance is at 139 R.A., 45 Dec., and has a deficit of events with energies 10^19.210^19.75 eV. The post-trial probability of this energy anisotropy, appearing by chance anywhere on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to be 9x10^-5 (3.74 σ_global).Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: UHECR, cosmic rays, energy spectrum, anisotropyPublished: 29.04.2020; Views: 1444; Downloads: 55 Fulltext (408,40 KB)
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