Abstract: Photoelectrochemical water splitting has been demonstrated as a promising way to efficiently split water. Currently, solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency using state-of-the-art material combinations in PEC system is in the order of 7%. Fabrication of nanostructured materials with unique morphologies and compositions is an important factor to fully utilize the possibilities in this field. We will present different strategies for the preparation of nanostructured metal oxide thin films by using electrodeposition and wet-chemistry techniques. Focus will be given on the preparation of ZnO and CuO thin films where intermediate phases like Zn(OH)8Cl2.H2O and CuX (X=Br, Cl) were electrodeposited. Wet-chemistry synthesis techniques will be also explored for the preparation of nanostructured WO3 and a-Fe2O3 thin films. Especially, the hot-pyrolysis technique for the preparation of colloidal W and Fe/Fe-oxide nanoparticles will be shown. Spin-coating of W and Fe/Fe-oxide NPs onto optically conductive substrates and subsequent heat treatment of the obtained films was found to be a convenient way for the preparation of nanostructured WO3 and a-Fe2O3 thin films.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: photoelectrochemical water splitting, colloidal nanoparticles, semiconductorPublished: 24.10.2017; Views: 1323; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (1,47 MB)
Abstract: We used wet-chemistry techniques to prepare colloidal tungsten (W) nanoparticles (NPs). The synthesis of W NPs was conducted using the so called hot-matrix method in 1-octadecene . The sizes of obtained W NPs are in the order of 2 - 5 nm. These W NPs are coated with hydrophobic molecules which allow their dispersion in organic solvents like choloroform (CHCl3). It was found that the colloidal stability of the dispersions is exceptionally high exceeding several years. The stability of W NPs which prevents coagulation allows the preparation of thin films with uniform thicknesses by spin-coating, inkjet-printing and spray coating.
We have prepared tungsten carbide (W2C, WC) thin films. The preparation of W2C and WC was achieved by spin-coating of pre-synthesized W NPs on graphite substrate and following heat treatment under Ar atmosphere at 1000 and 1450°C.
The obtained W2C and WC films were used both in electrochemical water splitting studies. We also made a composite W2C-Pt films where we used only 5 at.% of Pt. The W2C-Pt composite has shown similar performance as pure Pt-C for hydrogen (H2) evolution. In conclusion, we have developed a procedure for the synthesis of W NPs which can be applied for the preparation of tungsten carbides films and their use for electrochemical water splitting.Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: water splitting, nanoparticles, hot-matrixPublished: 09.10.2017; Views: 1639; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (376,30 KB)
Found in: ključnih besedahKeywords: molybdenum, platinum, molybdenum carbide thin films, hydrogen evolution reaction, water splitting, electrolysis, electrochemistry, pyrolysis, thin filmsPublished: 30.08.2018; Views: 914; Downloads: 0 Fulltext (5,05 MB)