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Growth mechanism and structure of electrochemically synthesized dendritic polymethylsilane molecules
Matjaž Valant, Gregor Mali, Artem V. Badasyan, Andraž Mavrič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The study of an electrochemical synthesis of polymethylsilane from trifunctional trichloro- methylsilane monomers identified a single polymerization pathway involving reduction of the monomer to silyl anions and their addition to the growing polymer. The sizes of the synthesized macromolecules, measured with dynamic light scattering, are much larger than the theoretical size estimated for an ideal dendrimer. The reason for this, found by NMR analysis, is in a large number of branching irregularities (defects) contained in the molecular structure, which can be described as a hyperbranched dendritic polymer. Theoretical estimates of sizes for an ideal dendrimer were corrected assuming a branching defect is a cavity with the volume of one monomer. Appropriateness of the theoretical and experimental models was confirmed with a good quantitative agreement between the experimental densities and the theoretically calculated values.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Polymethylsilane Dendritic polymer Electropolymerization
Objavljeno: 20.03.2017; Ogledov: 1594; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (705,04 KB)

High-temperature stabilization of bulk amorphous Al2O3
Andraž Mavrič, Matjaž Valant, Gregor Mali, Mattia Fanetti, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We present a method for high temperature stabilization of bulk amorphous aluminium oxide. The stabilization is achieved by dispersing polysilane dendritic molecules in aluminium hydroxide gel, which upon thermal treatment gives amorphous aluminium oxide stable up to 900 °C. The dispersed macromolecules covalently bind to the alumina matrix and induce homogeneously distributed strain fields that keep the alumina amorphous. The thermal conversion of the precursor system was followed by thermogravimetry with an evolved gas analysis, infrared spectroscopy and 29Si NMR. The amorphous structure of aluminium oxide was confirmed with an X-ray and electron diffraction. Additionally, the amorphous state was supported by presence of penta-coordinated aluminium detected by 27Al NMR and a low bandgap measured by a UV–visible absorption spectroscopy.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Amorphous aluminium oxide, Polysilane, Nanocomposite, Stabilization
Objavljeno: 30.07.2018; Ogledov: 1465; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,67 MB)

The electrochemical synthesis of dendritic polymethylsilane
Matjaž Valant, Gregor Mali, Artem V. Badasyan, Andraž Mavrič, 2017, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: electropolymerization, polysilane, dendrimer
Objavljeno: 11.09.2017; Ogledov: 1472; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (152,81 KB)

A Mechanistic Study of Magnesium Sulfur Batteries
Ana Robba, Alen Vižintin, Jan Bitenc, Gregor Mali, Iztok Arčon, Matjaž Kavčič, Matjaž Žitnik, Klemen Bučar, Giuliana Aquilanti, Charlotte Martineau-Corcos, Anna Randon-Vitanova, Robert Dominko, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Magnesium sulfur batteries are considered as attractive energy storage devices due to the abundance of electrochemically active materials and high theoretical energy density. Here we report the mechanism of a Mg-S battery operation, which was studied in the presence of simple and commercially available salts dissolved in a mixture of glymes. The electrolyte offers high sulfur conversion into MgS in the first discharge with low polarization. The electrochemical conversion of sulfur with magnesium proceeds through two well-defined plateaus, which correspond to the equilibrium between sulfur and polysulfides (high-voltage plateau) and polysulfides and MgS (low-voltage plateau). As shown by XANES, RIXS and NMR studies, the end discharge phase involves MgS with Mg atoms in a tetrahedral environment resembling the wurtzite structure, while chemically synthesized MgS crystalizes in the rock-salt structure with octahedral coordination of magnesium.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: magnesium, sulfur, rechargeable batteries, XAS, NMR
Objavljeno: 19.10.2017; Ogledov: 1434; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,48 MB)

Unraveling the arrangement of Al and Fe within the framework explains the magnetism of mixed-metal MIL-100(Al,Fe)
Gregor Mali, Matjaž Mazaj, Iztok Arčon, Darko Hanžel, Denis Arčon, Zvonko Jagličić, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Properties of mixed-metal MOFs depend on the distribution of different metals within their frameworks. Determination of this distribution is often very challenging. Using an example of aluminum- and iron-containing MIL-100, we demonstrate that 27Al NMR spectroscopy, when combined with first-principles calculations and magnetic, X-band electron paramagnetic resonance, Fe K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure, and Mössbauer measurements, enables one to accurately determine the arrangement of Al and Fe within the metal trimers, which are the basic building units of MIL-100. In this particular material, the incorporation of Fe and Al on the framework metal sites is random. Crucial for deciphering the arrangement is detecting NMR signals, shifted because of the strong hyperfine interaction between the 27Al nuclei and the unpaired electronic spins of Fe3+ ions, assigning the shifted signals aided by first-principles calculations of hyperfine couplings, and quantitatively evaluating the NMR intensities and the measured effective magnetic moment.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Fe EXAFS, XANES, MIL100, MOF, magnetizem
Objavljeno: 26.03.2019; Ogledov: 679; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,57 MB)

Effects of a Mixed O/F Ligand in the Tavorite-Type LiVPO4O Structure
Sorour Semsari Parapari, Jean-Marcel Ateba Mba, Elena Tchernychova, Gregor Mali, Iztok Arčon, Gregor Kapun, Mehmet Ali Gülgün, Robert Dominko, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We report the synthesis and detailed structural and chemical characterization including electrochemical properties of a lithium vanadium oxy/fluoro-phosphate material. To the best of our knowledge, we have for the first time synthesized a LiVPO4O-type phase with a mixed O/F ligand. In the synthesis procedure, the LiVPO4O precursor compound was fluorinated via LiF incorporation, with preservation of the LiVPO4O framework structure. The operating potential of the synthesized material is increased compared to that of the LiVPO4O precursor (4.12 V vs 3.95 V versus metallic lithium, respectively). The related increase in operating potential was assigned to the effect of the intermixing O/F ligand, which is attained via the successful fluorine incorporation into the LiVPO4O structure. A characterization of the investigated materials was performed using microscale-covering XRD, XANES, and NMR techniques as well as nanoscale spatially resolved imaging and analytical STEM techniques. The obtained oxy/fluoro-phosphate phase is isostructural to LiVPO4O; however, the presence of the mixed O/F ligand promoted a higher symmetry of vanadium octahedra. These variations of the vanadium local environment along with the observed inhomogeneous distribution of the incorporated fluorine gave rise to the minor local deviations in vanadium valence. Our results clearly emphasize the connection among the fluorine ligand incorporation, its local distribution, and the electrochemical properties of the material.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: LiVPO4O, XRD, SEM, V XANES, Tavorite-Type, electrochemical properties
Objavljeno: 17.02.2020; Ogledov: 324; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,11 MB)

Study of water adsorption on EDTA dealuminated zeolite Y
O. L. Pliekhov, Olena Pliekhova, Iztok Arčon, Federica Bondino, Elena Magnano, Gregor Mali, Nataša Zabukovec Logar, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Zeolite Y was synthesized and modified with EDTA dealumination procedure. The modified zeolites were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, chemical analysis and water adsorption measurements. We demonstrated that dealumination with bulk organic acid such as EDTA is able to reduce the original intense water affinity. Furthermore, it was found that dealumination with EDTA, in contrast with steaming and HCl dealumination, provides fully controllable, predictable and secure process of Al removal from the zeolites’ frameworks. The shift of the adsorption isotherm in the low partial pressure range represents an interesting result for adsorption-based applications.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Zeolite Y Water sorption Dealumination Al XANES EDTA treatment
Objavljeno: 05.06.2020; Ogledov: 226; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (667,27 KB)

Ceramic synthesis of disordered lithium rich oxyfluoride materials
Jean-Marcel Ateba Mba, Iztok Arčon, Gregor Mali, Elena Tchernychova, Ralf Witte, Robert Kruk, Miran Gaberšček, Robert Dominko, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Disordered lithium-rich transition metal oxyfluorides with a general formula Li1þxMO2Fx (M being a transition metal) are gaining more attention due to their high specific capacity which can be delivered from the facecentered cubic (fcc) structure. The most common synthesis procedure involves use of mechanosynthesis. In this work, ceramic synthesis of lithium rich iron oxyfluoride and lithium rich titanium oxyfluoride are reported. Two ceramic synthesis routes are developed each leading to the different level of doping with Li and F and different levels of cationic disorder in the structure. Three different Li1þxMO2Fx samples (x ¼ 0.25, 0.3 and 1) are compared with a sample prepared by mechanochemical synthesis and non-doped LiFeO2 with fcc structure. The obtained lithium rich iron oxyfluoride are characterized by use of M€ossbauer spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, NMR and TEM. Successful incorporation of Li and F have been confirmed and specific capacity that can be obtained from the samples is in the correlation with the level of disorder introduced with doping, nevertheless oxidation state of iron in all samples is very similar. Conclusions obtained from lithium rich iron oxyfluoride are validated by lithium rich titanium oxyfluoride.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Lithium batteries Face centered-cubic Oxyfluoride Li-rich Disorder
Objavljeno: 05.06.2020; Ogledov: 217; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,37 MB)

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