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Detection of gravitational waves
Gregor Mrak, 2016, diplomsko delo

Opis: This report mainly focuses on the first two detections of gravitational waves (GW). At the beginning of the thesis the historical background of GW explorations is discussed by pointing out some arguments and researchers that were essential for the progress. Continuing with the derivation based on the theory of general relativity, in order to express where certain properties derive. In the main part of the report, the subject of interest becomes Laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory (LIGO), beginning with the problems occurring on the way to detection, describing different noise sources one by one. After pointing out the problems, solutions are discussed, namely the technological advances made to lower the background noise as much as possible. The chapter (4) points out different parts of the detector which are implemented to produce a clearer signal. As only physical noise reduction methods are not enough, digital signal processing algorithms are mentioned as well which are used to analyze the data. Subsequently the required theoretical knowledge is given, so the main part ends with the analysis of actual data taken from LIGO’s public release for both GW150914 and GW151226 events (first and second official detections). In the conclusion of the report a brief descriptions of various detectors besides Ligo are given and some insight of the future detectors that are planned to be built.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Gravitational waves, Ligo, Binary black hole merger, gravitational wave interferometry
Objavljeno: 27.09.2016; Ogledov: 1177; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,27 MB)

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