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21.
Določanje atomske strukture snovi z rentgensko absorpcijsko spektrometrijo s sinhrotronsko svetlobo
Iztok Arčon, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: Zakaj so velike evropske države pripravljene investirati ogromna sredstva v izgradnjo in delovanje sinhrotronov? Gre za izjemno svetle vire ultravijolične in rentgenske svetlobe, ki so v zadnjih dveh ali treh desetletjih postali nepogrešljivo orodje pri analizi snovi na atomskem oziroma molekularnem nivoju. Razvoja in sinteze novih materialov z želenimi lastnostmi si ne moremo predstavljati brez sodobnih preiskovalnih metod, ki temeljijo na sinhrotronski svetlobi. V predavanju bo predstavljen princip delovanja in primeri uporabe ene od rentgenskih metod s sinhrotronsko svetlobo – rentgensko absorpcijsko spektroskopijo, s katero lahko določamo atomsko oz. molekularno strukturo snovi v vseh agregatnih stanjih. Za take raziskave so danes zanimivi predvsem različni nanostrukturni materiali, kot so katalizatorji, katodni materiali za Li-ionske in Li-žveplove baterije, tanke zaščitne plasti, in drugi, pri katerih atomska struktura določa njihove funkcionalne lastnosti. Na predavanju bodo izpostavljeni v prvi vrsti primeri in-operando karakterizacije z metodama XANES in EXAFS ki omogoča zelo natančno in neposredno spremljanje postopnih sprememb valence kovinskih kationov in njihove lokalne atomske strukture v nanozrnih v katodnem materialu med polnjenjem in praznjenjem baterije, ali kovinskih kationov na površini nanostrukturnega (foto)katalitskega materiala med samo katalitsko reakcijo. Sodobni sinhrotronski viri rentgenske svetlobe pa omogočajo tudi uporabo kombinacije rentgenske absorpcijske spektroskopije z rentgenskimi mikroskopskimi metodami, z ločljivostjo do nekaj deset nanometrov. Na predavanju bodo predstavljeni primeri mikro-XANES in EXAFS analize lokalizacije in vezave toksičnih kovinskih kationov na sub-celičnem nivoju v različnih tkivih rastlin, s čimer lahko ključno prispevamo k razumevanju mehanizmov zajemanja, transporta, akumulacije in kompleksacije kovinskih kationov na sub-celičnem nivoju v različnih tkivih rastlin, ki te polutante (hiper)akumulirajo, in jih s tem prenašajo v prehranjevalno verigo, s čimer je ogroženo zdravje ljudi.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: rentgenska absorpcijska spektroskopija, XANES, EXAFS, strukturna analiza, sinhrotronska svetloba
Objavljeno: 01.06.2018; Ogledov: 674; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (151,01 KB)

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Removal of manganese in batch and fluidized bed systems using beads of zeolite a as adsorbent
Bojana Obradovic, Nataša Novak Tušar, Iztok Arčon, Janez Kovač, Mina Jovanovic, Nevenka Rajić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this study the uptake capacity of Mn(II) ions by zeolite A beads was investigated for different initial Mn concentration (100e400 mg Mn dm^-3) in batch mode at 25e55 C. The obtained adsorption capacity varying from 30 to 50 mg Mn g^-1 demonstrated a high affinity of zeolite A towards Mn(II) present in solutions. Kinetic studies indicated the intra-particle diffusion as the rate limiting step up to 45 C with apparent diffusivities in the range (1.2e2.0) x 10^-13 m2 s^-1 and the activation energy of 21.9 kJ mol^-1, which implies strong interactions between the zeolite A and Mn ions. At 55 C ion-exchange became the rate limiting step. The adsorption isotherms were studied at 25 C showing that the Mn adsorption is the best described by the Langmuir model suggesting a homogenous zeolite surface. XPS analysis of the Mnloaded beads showed that there is no surface accumulation of Mn but an almost uniform Mn distribution inside zeolite A, whereas XANES and EXAFS suggested that the adsorption of Mn(II) was followed by the Mn(II) oxidation and oxide formation. Regeneration of the spent zeolite was examined in 8 adsorption/desorption cycles by a chelating Na2EDTA in a fluidized column. It has been found that zeolite A beads could be reused for at least 4 cycles with satisfactory Mn(II) adsorption efficiencies of about 70%.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Zeolite A Manganese Adsorption kinetics EXAFS/XANES XPS
Objavljeno: 01.04.2016; Ogledov: 1789; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,27 MB)

25.
Atomic effects in EXAFS structural analysis of redox I[sup]-/I[sup]-[sub]3 solid state electrolites
Iztok Arčon, Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, Alojz Kodre, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Atomic effects in EXAFS structural analysis of redox Isup-/Isup-sub3 solid state electrolites
Najdeno v: osebi
Objavljeno: 17.05.2016; Ogledov: 1403; Prenosov: 6
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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Specific EXAFS tools in analysis of MoSI nanowires
Anton Meden, Alojz Kodre, Iztok Arčon, Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, Dragan Mihailović, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Specific EXAFS tools in analysis of MoSI nanowires
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: EXAFS, MoSI, nanocevke, struktura
Objavljeno: 17.05.2016; Ogledov: 1445; Prenosov: 5
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

27.
X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the room-temperature ferromagnetic Fe-doped 6H-BaTiO[sub]3
I. Mikulska, Matjaž Valant, Iztok Arčon, Darja Lisjak, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: magnetni polprevodniki, barijev titan, EXAFS
Objavljeno: 16.06.2016; Ogledov: 1721; Prenosov: 46
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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XAS and micro-XRF analysis of mono and bi-metallic exopolysaccharide (FePd-EPS) bio-generated by K. oxytoca
Franco Baldi, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Michele Gallo, Oreste Piccolo, Stefano Paganelli, Iztok Arčon, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Bacteria Klebsiella oxytoca (DSM 29614) secret a specific exopolysaccharide (EPS) in the presence of Fe(III)-citrate, as sole carbon and energy source, and produces after 7 days an iron gel precipitate (Fe-EPS) [1]. In the presence of palladium or other metal species, the culture of K. oxytoca can produce other mono or bimetal species (Pd-EPS, FePd-EPS) [2]. These bio-materials may be used as green biogenerated catalysts or for other biotechnological purposes. In this work we present the analysis of the morphology and the chemical state of the metals in mono and bi-metallic (Fe-EPS, Pd-EPS, FePd-EPS) complexes, by a combination of micro X-ray fluorescence, X-ray absorption spectroscopy methods (XANES and EXAFS), and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that iron in monometallic Fe-EPS and bimetalic FePd-EPS is in the mineralized form of iron oxides/hydroxides, predominantly in the form of Fe3+, with a small amount of Fe2+ in the structure, as a mixture of different nano-crystalline iron oxides and hydroxides. Palladium on the other hand is found as Pd(0) in the form of metallic nanoparticles with fcc structure in both, bi-metallic (FePd-EPS) and mono-metallic (Pd-EPS) species. In bi-metallic species Pd and Fe nanoparticles agglomerate in larger clusters, but they remain spatially separated. Access to the SR facilities at ESRF (beamline ID21, project LS-2225), DESY (beamline C) Hamburg (project I-20110511 EC) and ELETTRA (beamline XAFS, project 20115112) is acknowledged.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Klebsiella oxytoca, Fe, Pd, XANES, EXAFS, exopolysaccharide, FePd-EPS
Objavljeno: 28.06.2016; Ogledov: 2294; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (388,27 KB)

30.
Study of Li-S batteries by S K-edge RIXS spectroscopy
Robert Dominko, Iztok Arčon, Marko Petrič, Klemen Bučar, Matjaž Žitnik, Matjaž Kavčič, Alen Vižintin, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Li-S batteries are considered as one of the most promising candidates for future batteries in applications where high energy density is required [1]. Despite that the general principle of operation is known for a long time [2], the lack of detailed understanding of relevant operation mechanisms has so far prevented their extensive use. A Li-S battery is composed of a lithium metal anode and a sulfur based cathode, separated by a porous separator wetted with electrolyte. During the battery cycle the reduction and oxidation of S to Li2S and back proceeds through a complicated equilibrium mixture of compounds that are typically dissolved in the electrolyte in the form of long and short chain polysulfides. In order to improve our understanding of polysulfide formation and its interactions within electrode, which are essential to achieve the long term cycling stability, development and application of new analytical tools is required. In this work sulfur K-edge resonant X-ray emission (RXES) measurements were performed on the Li-S battery in operando mode. The experiment was performed at the ID26 beamline at ESRF using the Johansson type tender x-ray emission spectrometer [3]. Full K-L RIXS maps were recorded on a set of chemically prepared Li2Sx sample standards characterized by different Li:S stoichiometric ratio, followed by the operando measurements on Li-S battery. Using the spectra recorded on Li2Sx standards two excitation energies were chosen and RXES spectra from the back of the battery cathode were sequentially acquired during one discharge cycle (C20). The relative amounts of each sulfur compound in the cathode during the discharge cycle were determined from the linear combination fit using measured reference standard spectra. Because of resonant excitation conditions the sensitivity for the polysulfide detection was significantly enhanced. Our work sets up S K-edge RIXS spectroscopy as an important analytical tool to study the mechanism of Li-polysulfide formation in the cathode and their interaction with the host matrix and electrolyte.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: RIXS, RXES, Li-S battery, operando, Sulphur K-edge XANES, Lithium polysulphides, Li2S
Objavljeno: 28.06.2016; Ogledov: 2317; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (60,50 KB)

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