General framework for the conservation of historical rural landscape. Case study of Qadisha Valley in Lebanon.Bachir Zarif Keyrouz
, 2016, doktorska disertacija
Opis: The international community has reacted to the challenges faced by historic cities and cultural landscapes. In 2011, UNESCO adopted the international recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape in order to draw the attention of governments and local communities to the need to improve the management of historic urban areas. The aim of the present dissertation is to expand the UNESCO definition to Historic Rural Landscapes, and to explore how the proposed methodology could be applied to the management of rural areas. The dissertation takes the Qadisha Valley in Lebanon as an example, where some elements have already been recognised for their outstanding universal value. It is considered however that these historic-cultural elements are part of the larger context of the Qadisha Valley, which has its specificity and its qualities that merit being recognised. It is also considered that the management of the elements already recognised by UNESCO can only be successfully safeguarded if the management is understood in the context of the entire valley. Consequently, the thesis is articulated taking into account the following parameters:
1. UNESCO has already set the restoration plan to solve the problems of Qadisha Valley. Based on this plan, the question can be raised whether or not the rural planning in Qadisha is well managed at the present?
2. In case Qadisha Zone is not well conserved, what improvements could be brought about and implemented in order to safeguard the cultural heritage and historical rural landscape, and what should be the guiding policies of restoration?
3. Once a restoration plan is implemented in Qadisha Zone, what management plan should be brought up and implemented to safeguard its cultural heritage and historical rural landscape?
4. How can conservation of cultural heritage in Qadisha Zone be done culturally and in a socially acceptable way?
5. What sectors of the nation are to be involved in the Management plan? How can the MP preserve and restore Qadisha Zone?
The aim of the dissertation has been to examine the possibilities of involvement of the local community and relevant authorities in a more structured management of their properties within the context of the entire valley and its exceptional historic and landscape qualities. It is hoped that the study can generate more interest in the management of the rural context within the increasingly globalising society, and draw attention to the qualities of historic rural landscapes as the setting for an improved quality of life.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Historic Rural Landscape, Qadisha World Heritage, Heritage Community, Sustainable Tourism, Strategic Urban Management, Outstanding Universal Values & Conservation Process.
Objavljeno: 07.10.2016; Ogledov: 2332; Prenosov: 37
Polno besedilo (58,03 MB)
RE-CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE CONSERVATION THEORY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGEUsman Ali
, 2017, doktorska disertacija
Opis: ver the last few decades, the concept of “authenticity” has commonly been used as a criterion for heritage conservation and management in various regions around the world. In 1994, ICOMOS adopted the Nara document on Authenticity as an international recommendation to draw the attention of policy and decision makers on the values of cultural heritage, stressing on interdisciplinary of approaches. Interdisciplinary research of heritage studies includes analysis and evaluation methods to redefine the theories and methodologies of heritage preservation and management in different contexts. But, when dealing with Archaeological Heritage Management, various difficulties emerge in the adoption of prescribed criteria for heritage conservation and management.
The aim of this research is to examine and evaluate the compatibility and potential adaptation of these significant criteria from the Heritage International practice (I.e. UNESCO), including the spheres of law and philosophy, in the Management of Archaeological Heritage. Consequently, this dissertation is articulating according to the following concepts:
1. UNESCO already prescribed parameters and criteria of conservation and management of cultural heritage, but their full applicability on Archaeological Heritage Management should be verified;
2. The level of similarities and differences between Cultural and Archaeological Heritage in the conservation and management process should be discussed to highlight potential new research channels;
3. Is the adoption of the concept of Authenticity as a criterion, prescribed in UNESCO Operational Guideline, compatible enough to be applied to the Management of Archaeological Heritage or not?
4. Archaeological practice as a source of information provides various data and parameters. Are these attributions determining the management?
This dissertation concludes that thematic divisions of heritage studies foster and formulate various models and concepts (implicitly and explicitly), which determine many substantial criteria and integrated factors for the sustainability of archaeological heritage. These criteria and factors give
importance to the common theoretical and methodological research in archaeological heritage conservation theory and practice.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: World Heritage Studies, Archaeological Heritage Management, Authenticity, Heritage Conservation, Archaeological Theories, Heritage International Doctrine.
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 1589; Prenosov: 139
Polno besedilo (2,37 MB)
HAS EVOLUTION BEEN INTERRUPTED IN THE AFRICAN OIKOS?Tokunbo Laotan-Brown
, 2019, doktorska disertacija
Opis: In essence, a qualitative study revealing what the inhabitants reflect as a deep and personal relationship with and within the region, which contributes significantly to their sense of emotional security and self identity. This includes a strong conservation-orientated attitude with regard to the natural rural character of a clan, tribe or unbounded region using linguistic families, especially in the inner core. It acknowledges the journey though time of the dwellers, changes in requirements in a natural way. The principle behind this thesis is to identify the regional, cultural and environmental demands of where and how a fractal spatial function can be observed as well as how a community can be organised to maintain and preserve its culture in a natural way.
Thus, responding to specific characteristics of the local environment and climatic conditions. This lifelong interaction between the cognitive and physical realms has existed overtime. During the evolution of values inhabitants adapted form and materials to the conditions of nature; working with natural forms and climatic cycles rather than considering forces as obstacles to overcome has hermeneutic and practical values; used by intentional makers. The cultural identity in the inhabitant made the home, and then the process of home-making ‘made’ the inhabitant; a reciprocal reward. This will include their connection to the culture, region and environment while proposing a self-organizational solution. The future of conserving African tangible and intangible values, need to take lessons from the past into the future through present resolutions while documenting what maybe an interrupted progression.
To achieve the above, I modified an approach using cultural fractal organizational approach as a basis for defining; 1) The structure of research framework
using computer simulations and thus establishing linkages between space, region and
communal activities. 2) Using African linguistic families (Niger-Congo: Yoruba), as a
distinct way of documenting within the context of co-existing social and discursive practices.
3) By generating a background in ethnographic and sensory archaeological data on Yoruba
regional cities, focusing on the fractal structure of settlements in relation to the social activities that take place in and around them.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...and self identity. This includes a strong conservation-orientated attitude with regard to the natural rural...
Ključne besede: Fractals, Self Similarity, Conservation, Self Organizational Approach, Cultural Heritage, Spatial Patterns, IFA, Oikos, Cultural Landscapes, Yoruba Cities, Circularity.
Objavljeno: 18.01.2019; Ogledov: 568; Prenosov: 27
Polno besedilo (24,92 MB)
Urban Conservation System in China and Its Improvement by Using Historic Urban Landscape ApproachChen Shujie
, 2018, doktorska disertacija
Opis: In the last few decades, the Modern Conservation Movement has developed from European-limited practices into a global movement with universal common views and practical measures for managing heritage resources in different cultural contexts. As an innovative idea of this movement, the Historic Urban Landscape approach aims to protect and manage historic urban environments with respect to both the fundamental principles in the international doctrines and the local social/cultural/historical contexts. It recommends local authorities to use the HUL toolkit to identify, conserve and manage the overall landscape of their historic cities.
In the case of China, who is an old civilization, a modern nation and a socialist country at the same time, the conservation practice needs to follow the basic and common conservation principles in the international doctrines, and meanwhile, it shall make its initiatives based on the actual social, cultural and political situations. The establishment of Historically and Culturally Famous City (HCF City in short) system is a positive attempt for such a purpose. The system manages various urban elements relating to the city’s historical and cultural features under a comprehensive notion of HCF City. However, the system is not prefect because it depends excessively on the top-down management of local governments, and also because it overlooks the spatial and spiritual relationships among the protected elements...
The thesis provides a big picture of architectural and urban conservation practices in China. It introduces the forming process and the characteristics of historic urban fabric, as well as the history of urban conservation. Then, it takes a deep look at the existing HCF City system, including its basic ideas, structures and mechanism. It analyses the system’s initiatives and deficiencies. Finally, it provides feasible advices to improve the current system by using the HUL toolkit.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Urban, History, Heritage, Conservation, Management International Principles, Modern Conservation Movement, Globalization, Localization Historic Urban Area, Historically and Culturally Famous Cities, Conservation System, Historic Urban Landscape Chinese Architecture, Chinese Urban Planning, Conservation History, Policy
Objavljeno: 11.02.2019; Ogledov: 545; Prenosov: 4
Polno besedilo (217,96 MB)