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1.
“Monolingual and bilingual use of the maximize presupposition principle”
Penka Stateva, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: This talk is an experimental investigation of the status of Maximize presupposition as an operative pragmatic principle that regulates speakers’ preferences among semantically equivalent attitude reports. We present results from two acquisitional studies. The first study explores sensitivity of 5 and 7-year old Slovenian-speaking children to the principle from a developmental perspective. The second study examines the influence of bilingualism on the use of this principle by comparing monolingual Slovenian and Italian children to early bilingual children acquiring both languages. The results suggest that while even the youngest children demonstrate adherence to Maximize presupposition in an adult-like manner, bilingualism affects performance in pragmatic tasks and constitutes a potential advantage in the relevant area.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: bilingualism, pragmatic ability, implicated presupposition, Maximize presupposition, attitude verbs
Objavljeno: 10.05.2021; Ogledov: 564; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (148,76 KB)

2.
Developmental aspects of Maximize Presupposition: a view from Slovenian
Penka Stateva, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: n this talk I will present the results of an experimental study of young children's acquisition and use of the pragmatic principle Maximize Presupposition in the context of the propositional attitude predicates (equivalent to) know and think. We use a felicity judgement task to test the ability of 5- and 7-year-old Slovenian-speaking children to derive the factive presupposition of know and the pragmatic inference trigerred by think in accord with Maximize Presupposition. The older group of children outperformed the younger group in both conditions manifesting a ceiling performance, while the younger group showed a more mixed pattern. Our results suggest that the anti-factivity inference is mastered on a par with the ability to derive the presupposition of factivity, as predicted by contemporary pragmatic theories. The discussion will also touch upon questions about the influence of bilingualism on developing pragmatic abilities, negative transfer in the domain of pragmatics and its dependence on cross-linguistic morpho-syntactic variation among translational equivalents.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Maximize Presupposition, language acquisition, attitude verbs, Theory of Mind
Objavljeno: 06.05.2021; Ogledov: 471; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (52,22 KB)

3.
Bilinguhildren's use of the Maximiza Presupposition Principle
Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, Anne Reboul, Arthur Stepanov, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article reports the results of an experimental study that examines the influence of bilingualism on the acquisition and use of the Maximize Presupposition principle in the context of speakers’ choices among propositional attitude predicates (equivalent to) know and think. We compared the performance of monolingual Slovenian- and Italian-speaking school children to that of age-matched early bilingual children speaking both languages. Our findings suggest that while all children demonstrate adherence to Maximize Presupposition in an adult-like manner, bilingualism may enhance performance in pragmatic tasks that bear on this principle, and therefore constitutes a potential advantage in the relevant area.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...on the acquisition and use of the Maximize Presupposition principle in the context of speakers’...
Ključne besede: Maximize Presupposition, implicature, presupposition, Italian, Slovenian, bilingualism
Objavljeno: 12.07.2021; Ogledov: 339; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,91 MB)

4.
Developmental aspects of Maximize Presupposition
Penka Stateva, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci (vabljeno predavanje)

Opis: In this talk I present the results of an experimental study of young children's acquisition and use of the principle Maximize Presupposition (MP) in the context of the propositional attitude predicates (equivalent to) know and think. MP operates in the domain of pragmatics in order to distinguish among semantically equivalent propositions which have different presuppositional load in a given context (Heim 1991, Sauerland 2008). Given its nature, demonstrating a speaker’s sensitivity to MP is contingent on knowledge about presuppositional content within a relevant set of alternatives. We use a felicity judgement task to test the ability of 5- and 7-year-old Slovenian-speaking children to derive the factive presupposition of know and the pragmatic inference trigerred by think in accord with MP. The older group of children outperformed the younger group in both conditions manifesting a ceiling performance, while the younger group showed a more mixed pattern. Our results suggest that the anti-factivity inference is mastered on a par with the ability to derive the presupposition of factivity, as predicted by contemporary pragmatic theories. The discussion will also include questions about the influence of bilingualism on developing pragmatic abilities, negative transfer in the domain of pragmatics and its dependence on cross-linguistic morpho-syntactic variation among translational equivalents.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Maximize Presupposition, implicated presupposition, early bilingualism, language acquisition, attitude verb
Objavljeno: 15.09.2021; Ogledov: 233; Prenosov: 7
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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