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1.
Zavest o pomenu ohranjanja Natura 2000 območij v Krajinskem parku Ljubljansko barje
Željka Hauzler, 2012, diplomsko delo

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: biotska raznolikost, Ljubljansko barje, Natura 2000, diplomske naloge
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 2653; Prenosov: 227
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2.
Preverjanje učinkovitosti izvajanja direktiv v okviru Nature 2000
Jerneja Kokalj, 2015, diplomsko delo

Opis: Natura 2000, katere sestavni del sta Direktiva o ohranjanju prostoživečih ptic in Direktiva o ohranjanju habitatov, je z letom 2014 začela novo programsko obdobje. Hkrati pa je podvržena drobnogledu Evropske unije. 1. novembra 2014 je namreč dobil evropski komisar za pomorske zadeve in ribištvo Karmenu Vella s strani predsednika Evropske komisije Jeana-Clauda Junckerja nalogo, da poskrbi za celovito oceno učinkovitosti izvajanja Nature 2000 (Fitness Check). Namen tega ukrepa je oceniti uspešnost, učinkovitost, relevantnost, skladnost in dodano vrednost Direktiv Nature 2000. Cilj je na podlagi dobljenih rezultatov prilagoditi, zmanjšati, združiti ali pa celo prenoviti zakonodajo o varovanju okolja na področju držav članic Evropske unije, in sicer tako, da bi bili cilji Direktiv doseženi ob nižjih stroških implementacije. S tem namenom smo v diplomskem delu izdelali evalvacijski model, ki 32 vprašanj iz vprašalnika Evropske komisije za preverjanje učinkovitosti Direktiv Nature 2000 hierarhično integrira v posamezne vsebinske sklope. Pri tem smo uporabili metodo DEX, model pa je izdelan s pomočjo računalniškega programa DEXi za večparametrsko odločanje. Poleg odločitvenega modela smo izvedli še analizo izdanih publikacij o Naturi 2000 v obdobju med leti 2000 in 2015, s katero smo želeli prikazati raziskovalno in strokovno aktivnost na področju Nature 2000 v Sloveniji. Na osnovi odgovorov vprašalnika smo z modelom integrirali odgovore Slovenije (MOP in DOPPS) in Velike Britanije (DEFRA). Ocene modela smo nato primerjali na državni ravni, torej MOP in DOPPS, ter na meddržavni ravni med Slovenijo (MOP) in Veliko Britanijo (DEFRA). Iz pridobljenih rezultatov lahko sklepamo, da bi implementacijo ukrepov Nature 2000 izboljšali z učinkovitejšim razpolaganjem razpoložljivih sredstev, s stalnim in doslednim monitoringom stanja, katerega rezultati bi bili dostopni širši javnosti, ter z izboljšanjem skladnosti sektorskih politik z zakonodajami o varovanju narave, kar bi pripomoglo k nižanju stroškov in skrajšanju časa, potrebnega za uveljavitev ukrepov direktiv Nature 2000. Ob primerjanju ocen Slovenije smo ugotovili, da obstajajo razlike med ocenami odgovorov MOP in DOPPS, pri čemer je DOPPS podal bolj kritično celostno oceno kot MOP. Primerjava Slovenije in Velike Britanije prav tako razkriva razlike o stanju učinkovitosti implementacije Nature 2000 in pokaže, da je Velika Britanija ocenila stanje kot slabo, Slovenija pa kot srednje.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ... Natura 2000, katere sestavni del sta Direktiva o...
Ključne besede: Natura 2000, Direktiva o ohranjanju habitatov, Direktiva o ohranjanju prosto živečih ptic, Fitness Check, integracijski model
Objavljeno: 30.09.2015; Ogledov: 2540; Prenosov: 191
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,19 MB)

3.
THE IMPACT OF EUROPEANISATION ON THE NATURE PROTECTION SYSTEM OF SELECTED COUNTRIES OF SOUTHEAST EUROPE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE SYSTEM OF NATURA 2000
Aleksandar Šobot, 2017, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The Europeanisation of Southeastern Europe led to the pre-accession and accession process of joining countries of the former Yugoslavia to the European Union. Slovenia's accession to the formal process of accession to the European Union started in 1999. This process lasted until 2003. Then, in 2004, Slovenia joined the European Union. Croatia's access to the formal process of accession to the European Union started in 2003. This process lasted until 2012. Then, in 2013, Croatia joined the European Union. Bosnia and Herzegovina entered the pre-accession process with the process of stabilization and association with the European Union, which lasted from 1999 to 2015. Then, in 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina officially submitted its application for European Union membership. This paper examines the impact of the Europeanisation during this period on the nature protection system in the case of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina while establishing multi-level governance system of protected areas within NATURA 2000 network. The analysis of the establishment of multi-level governance system is performed according to the morphogenetic model in three cycles as a case study. The case study is organized with the help of interviews and desk analysis of the relevant documents. In the first cycle were explained the projects/process of implementation of NATURA 2000 in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and its changing impacts on national legislation in the area of nature protection (environmental policy). The second cycle explains the role of the main actors in the establishment of multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000 such as the European Union institutions, competent ministries, national parks and non-governmental organisations (environmental polity). The third cycle outlines the contribution to the establishment of multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000 on the nature protection systems of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and their future challenges (environmental politics). The main conclusions point to the major changes in the nature protection systems of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina during the process of implementation/establishing multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000. Main legal and institutional points of implementation of NATURA 2000 with all positive and negative sides are presented here. In the end, implementation of the European ecological network NATURA 2000 in Slovenia is marked as an excellent example with significant changes in legal (laws on nature protection) and institutional (transformation of governmental institutions, establishment of new institutions and inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. This process in Croatia was marked as good with significant changes in legal (laws on nature protection, adopting new strategy of sustainable development) and institutional (transformation of governmental organisation, establishment of new institutions and inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. This process in Bosnia and Herzegovina was marked as satisfactory with significant changes in legal (adopting new entity laws on nature protection) and institutional (adopting coordination mechanism for inter-entity and inter-institutional cooperation as well as inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. There are also significant weak points during the process of N2000 in all three countries (such as the late change of national legislative, not following the national legislative from governmental institution and not including NGOs into decision making), which during the proces of implementation of N2000 (for Croatia and Slovenia) or the process of preparation of implementation (for Bosnia and Herzegovina) cause significant problems, that call for action in the future in order to improve governance of natural resources /NATURA 2000. On the other hand, these points could serve as an example for all countries that underwent/or should undergo ...
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: The Europeanisation of Southeastern Europe, the pre-accession process, the accession process, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the nature protection system, NATURA 2000 protected areas
Objavljeno: 06.11.2017; Ogledov: 1978; Prenosov: 183
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,77 MB)

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