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21.
Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution with textured iron phosphides thin films
Saim Emin, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: We used wet-chemistry techniques to prepare colloidal iron phosphides (F2P) nanoparticles (NPs). The synthesis of Fe2P NPs was conducted using the so called hot-matrix method [1]. The sizes of obtained Fe2P NPs are in the order of 2 - 5 nm. The colloidal Fe2P NPs are coated with hydrophobic molecules which allow preparation of stable dispersion in organic solvents like choloroform (CHCl3). The colloidal F2P NPs are very suitable for the preparation of thin films via spin-coated, spray coated or inkjet-printed on various conductive substrates. The obtained Fe2P films were used in hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In addition, to HER the Fe2P films were used for electrocatalytic degradation of organics.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Fe2P, electroctalysis, thin films
Objavljeno: 13.05.2021; Ogledov: 879; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (224,16 KB)

22.
Photoelectrocatalytic water splitting and dye degradation with fluorine doped tin oxides films
Saim Emin, Takwa Chouki, Manel Machreki, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: We report the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting with flourine doped tin oxide (FTO) films. This is the first study where efficient water splitting is achieved with FTO films under light illumination. Potentiostatic test at 1.7 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) show that FTO material is very stable for water oxidation without occurence of a noticable current drop over a span of 6 hours. Mass spectrometry analysis of evolved gasses confermed the formation of oxygen and hydrogen in the two half cells (separated by a membrane). Moreover, it was demonstrated that the water splitting reaction involve formation of hydroxyl radicals (•OH) which are known oxidants for organics. We applied these FTO films for degradation of a model pollutant rhodamine B dye (1×10−5 mol/l). PEC assisted degradation of rhodamine B took about 30 min to achieve complete degradation of 60 ml model dye solution.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...FTO, thin films, dye degradation...
Ključne besede: FTO, thin films, dye degradation
Objavljeno: 13.05.2021; Ogledov: 688; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,87 MB)

23.
Sn-modified TiO[sub]2 thin film photocatalysts prepared by low-temperature sol-gel processing
Ksenija Maver, 2021, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Due to many advantageous physiochemical properties, titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most widely used photocatalyst in numerous applications, such as wastewater treatment and air purification, self-cleaning surfaces and energy conversion (H2 generation). However, one of its disadvantages is the high electron-hole recombination rate, and coupling with other semiconductors is one of the strategies to improve it. The objective of this dissertation was to investigate how the photocatalytic activity of pure TiO2 can be improved by tin modification and to explain the mechanism of increased or hindered photoactivity in correlation with the structural properties of the modified TiO2 photocatalysts. A new low-temperature sol-gel synthesis route was developed to prepare Sn- or SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts. In both cases, organic tin and titanium precursors were used. Tin in the form of Sn cations was used to prepare Sn-modified TiO2. In this case, the precursors went through the sol-gel reaction together to form a Sn-TiO2 sol. In the case of SnO2 modification, the SnO2 sol was prepared separately and additionally mixed with the TiO2 sol to form a TiO2/SnO2 bicomponent semiconductor system. Different molar ratios of tin to titanium were prepared to investigate the correlation between the tin concentration and the photocatalytic properties of the photocatalysts in the form of thin films. The results were used to optimize the synthesis conditions to obtain an improved activity of the modified TiO2 photocatalysts under UV-irradiation. The photocatalytic activity of the thin films was determined by measuring the degradation rate of an azo dye. An increase of up to 40 % in the photocatalytic activity of the dried samples (at 150 °C) was achieved when the TiO2 was modified with the Sn or SnO2 in a concentration range of 0.1 to 1 mol.%. At higher Sn or SnO2 loadings and after calcination of the samples at 500 °C, the photocatalytic activity of the photocatalyst was reduced compared to the unmodified TiO2. Different characterization techniques (UV-Vis, XRD, nitrogen physisorption, TEM, SEM and XAS) were employed to clarify the mechanism responsible for the enhanced and hindered photocatalytic performance of the Sn- and SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts. The results showed that a nanocrystalline structure is already achieved in the samples by the low-temperature film treatment (drying at 150 °C) and that the photocatalytic efficiency is mainly influenced by the crystalline phase composition: anatase/rutile in the case of Sn-modified and TiO2/SnO2 in the case of SnO2-modified TiO2. The crystal size and specific surface area differ insignificantly between the equally thermally treated samples and partly explain the differences in photoefficiency of the calcined samples compared to the dried samples. The structural study at the atomic level, using the Sn K-edge EXAFS, revealed that Sn cations act as nucleation sites for the anatase to rutile transformation in the Sn-modified TiO2 photocatalysts, while in the SnO2-modified TiO2 samples the nanocrystalline cassiterite SnO2 is bound to the TiO2 nanocrystallites via the Sn-O-Ti bond. In both cases, the advantage of coupling the two semiconductors was achieved by separating the charge carriers and thus prolonging their lifetime for accessibility to participate in the redox reactions. The maximum activity enhancement was achieved in the low concentration range (0.1–1 mol.%), which means that an optimal ratio and contact of the two phases are obtained for the given physical parameters, such as particle size, shape and specific surface area of the catalyst.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...the photocatalysts in the form of thin films. The results were used to optimize the...
Ključne besede: Sn-modified TiO2, SnO2-modified TiO2, low-temperature sol-gel, thin films, photocatalytic activity, anatase/rutile system, Sn K-edge EXAFS, dissertations
Objavljeno: 09.06.2021; Ogledov: 1389; Prenosov: 74
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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24.
Improved photocatalytic activity of SnO[sub]2-TiO[sub]2 nanocomposite thin films prepared by low-temperature sol-gel method
Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, Giovanni Palmisano, Matjaž Valant, Mattia Fanetti, Samar Al Jitan, Iztok Arčon, Ksenija Maver, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The objective of this research was to investigate how the photocatalytic activity of pure TiO2 can be improved by SnO2 modification. Different molar ratios of tin to titanium were prepared. The correlation between tin concentration and structural properties was investigated to explain the mechanism of photocatalytic efficiency and to optimize the synthesis conditions to obtain enhanced activity of the SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts under UV-irradiation. The SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by a low-temperature sol-gel method based on organic tin and titanium precursors. The precursors underwent sol-gel reactions separately to form SnO2-TiO2 sol. The sol-gels were deposited on a glass substrate by a dip-coating technique and dried at 150 ◦C to obtain the photocatalysts in the form of a thin film. To test the thermal stability of the material, an additional set of photocatalysts was prepared by calcining the dried samples in air at 500 ◦C. The photocatalytic activity of the samples was determined by measuring the degradation rate of an azo dye. An increase of up to 30% in the photocatalytic activity of the air-dried samples was obtained when the TiO2 was modified with the SnO2 in a concentration range of 0.1–1 mol.%. At higher SnO2 loadings, the photocatalytic activity of the photocatalyst was reduced compared to the unmodified TiO2. The calcined samples showed an overall reduced photocatalytic activity compared to the air-dried samples. Various characterization techniques (UV-Vis, XRD, N2-physisorption, TEM, EDX, SEM, XAS and photoelectrochemical characterization) were used to explain the mechanism for the enhanced and hindered photocatalytic performances of the SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts. The results showed that the nanocrystalline cassiterite SnO2 is attached to the TiO2 nanocrystallites through the Sn-O-Ti bonds. In this way, the coupling of two semiconductors, SnO2 and TiO2, was demonstrated. Compared to single-phase photocatalysts, the coupling of semiconductors has a beneficial effect on the separation of charge carriers, which prolongs their lifetime for accessibility to participate in the redox reactions. The maximum increase in activity of the thin films was achieved in the low concentration range (0.1–1 mol.%), which means that an optimal ratio and contact of the two phases is achieved for the given physical parameters such as particle size, shape and specific surface area of the catalyst.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: photocatalytic activity, Sn-modified TiO2, low-temperature, thin films, XAS analysis
Objavljeno: 05.07.2021; Ogledov: 797; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,18 MB)

25.
Towards a novel method for iron species determination in Antarctic sea ice
Hanna Budasheva, Arne Bratkič, Dorota Korte, Mladen Franko, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Sea-ice borne iron has been found to be an important factor controlling Southern Ocean phytoplankton growth [1]. Knowing the amount and chemical speciation of its labile fraction in sea ice would advance our understanding of the involved processes. Unfortunately, it is rather difficult to perform their measurement because of limited access to the Antarctic. Thus there is a strong need for the development of a quick, simple and reliable technique for determination of iron and its speciation in sea-ice that ensures also low enough limits of detection. Recently, diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) have been widely used as passive samplers for collecting time-averaged data on the concentrations of transition metals in different media [2]. DGTs are further coupled to an analytical technique that in case of detecting metals in passive sampler films primarily requires their extraction [3], which may potentially lead to changes of the metal specification. In the present study, the beam deflection spectrometry (BDS) is coupled to DGT and used to determine the average concentration of iron in the sea ice samples collected at the Davis Station in the Antarctic. Such a combined technique has been already successfully applied for detecting labile iron species in freshwater sediments [4]. The obtained BDS data were validated by thermal lens spectrometry (TLS) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry (SPEC). The distribution of iron species over a given ice surface area using the DGT-BDS technique revealed total iron concentrations in the range of 0.6 – 5.3 μgL-1, whereas the Fe2+ content was found to be in the range of 0.1 – 1.5 μgL-1. The range taking into account all of the measurement points (5×4), the precision of a single measured point is 0.2 μgL-1. The calculated 24 h-average concentration of total Fe labile species in the ice by using BDS is 2.3 ± 0.5 μgL-1, which coincides with data obtained by SPEC (2.5 ± 0.4 μgL-1) and TLS (2.39 ± 0.02 μgL-1). Our results indicate that it is possible to develop a robust, contamination-resilient detection method for measuring the labile iron species concentration in the sea ice. In opposite to TLS and SPEC, BDS-DGT provides reliable information not only about the speciation of iron but also about their distribution on the ice surface.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...limits of detection. Recently, diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) have been widely used as...
Ključne besede: beam deflection spectrometry, diffusive gradients, thin films, iron species, photothermal techniques, Antarctic sea ice
Objavljeno: 30.11.2021; Ogledov: 515; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (216,61 KB)
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