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31.
Astroparticle studies at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Lili Yang, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: The Pierre Auger Observatory (PAO), the world’s largest cosmic ray detector combines a large surface detector (SD) with an air fluorescence detector (FD). It is designed to observe extensive air showers (EAS) of billions of secondary particles induced by the UHECRs in the earths’ atmosphere. The “hybrid” design (i.e., detected simultaneously by SD and FD) provides wealth of information about shower development and excellent event reconstruction. Together with observations of UHECRs, the Surface Detector (SD) of the PAO is sensitive to UHE neutrinos through the observation of deeply initiated inclined down-going showers produced by neutrino interactions in the atmosphere, which method has been well established. On the other hand, high-energy photons can also be discriminated from background of charged cosmic rays based on their characters of the shower front. In this talk, I will give a review on recent results from PAO and introduce the ultra-high energy multi-messenger studies from PAO.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...recent results from PAO and introduce the ultra-high energy multi-messenger studies from PAO.... ...Pierre Auger Observatory (PAO), the world’s largest cosmic ray detector combines a large surface detector... ...be discriminated from background of charged cosmic rays based on their characters of the shower...
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, cosmic rays, ultra-high energy
Objavljeno: 17.01.2018; Ogledov: 1013; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (8,86 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

32.
Probing Lorentz symmetry with the Pierre Auger Observatory
Marko Zavrtanik, Danilo Zavrtanik, Lili Yang, Serguei Vorobiov, Darko Veberič, Marta Trini, Samo Stanič, Ahmed Saleh, Gašper Kukec Mezek, Andrej Filipčič, D. Boncioli, 2017, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Pierre Auger Observatory, Lorentz invariance violation, ultra-high energy cosmic rays...
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, Lorentz invariance violation, ultra-high energy cosmic rays
Objavljeno: 16.02.2018; Ogledov: 806; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Polno besedilo (309,46 KB)

33.
Multi-Messenger Physics With the Pierre Auger Observatory
Karl-Heinz Kampert, Andrej Filipčič, Gašper Kukec Mezek, Samo Stanič, Marta Trini, Serguei Vorobiov, Lili Yang, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, Lukas Zehrer, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, photons, neutrinos, protons, multi-messenger...
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, photons, neutrinos, protons, multi-messenger physics and astrophysics
Objavljeno: 06.05.2019; Ogledov: 618; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,46 MB)

34.
Mass composition of ultra-high energy cosmic rays at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Gašper Kukec Mezek, 2019, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Cosmic rays with energies above 10^18 eV, usually referred to as ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR), have been a mystery from the moment they have been discovered. Although we have now more information on their extragalactic origin, their direct sources still remain hidden due to deviations caused by galactic magnetic fields. Another mystery, apart from their production sites, is their nature. Their mass composition, still uncertain at these energies, would give us a better understanding on their production, acceleration, propagation and capacity to produce extensive air showers in the Earth's atmosphere. Mass composition studies of UHECR try to determine their nature from the difference in development of their extensive air showers. In this work, observational parameters from the hybrid detection system of the Pierre Auger Observatory are used in a multivariate analysis to obtain the mass composition of UHECR. The multivariate analysis (MVA) approach combines a number of mass composition sensitive variables and tries to improve the separation between different UHECR particle masses. Simulated distributions of different primary particles are fitted to measured observable distributions in order to determine individual elemental fractions of the composition. When including observables from the surface detector, we find a discrepancy in the estimated mass composition between a mixed simulation sample and the Pierre Auger data. Our analysis results from the Pierre Auger data are to a great degree independent on hadronic interaction models. Although they differ at higher primary masses, the different models are more consistent, when combining fractions of oxygen and iron. Compared to previously published results, the systematic uncertainty from hadronic interaction models is roughly four times smaller. Our analysis reports a predominantly heavy composition of UHECR, with more than a 50% fraction of oxygen and iron at low energies. The composition is then becoming heavier with increasing energy, with a fraction of oxygen and iron above 80% at the highest energies.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: astroparticle physics, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, extensive air showers, mass composition, Pierre Auger Observatory, machine learning, multivariate analysis
Objavljeno: 03.04.2019; Ogledov: 1002; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Polno besedilo (17,53 MB)

35.
Mass composition of cosmic rays with energies from 10^17.2 eV to 10^20 eV using surface and fluorescence detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory
Gašper Kukec Mezek, 2018, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) are highly energetic particles with EeV energies, exceeding the capabilities of man-made colliders. They hold information on extreme astrophysical processes that create them and the medium they traverse on their way towards Earth. However, their mass composition at such energies is still unclear, because data interpretation depends on our choice of high energy hadronic interaction models. With its hybrid detection method, the Pierre Auger Observatory has the possibility to detect extensive air showers with an array of surface water-Cherenkov stations (SD) and fluorescence telescopes (FD). We present recent mass composition results from the Pierre Auger Collaboration using observational parameters from SD and FD measurements. Using the full dataset of the Pierre Auger Observatory, implications on composition can be made for energies above 10^17.2 eV.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ... Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) are highly energetic particles...
Ključne besede: astroparticle physics, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, extensive air showers, mass composition, Pierre Auger Observatory, fluorescence telescopes, water-Cherenkov stations
Objavljeno: 24.05.2019; Ogledov: 703; Prenosov: 39
.pdf Polno besedilo (573,00 KB)

36.
Study of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray composition using Telescope Array’s Middle Drum detector and surface array in hybrid mode
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Previous measurements of the composition of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) made by the High Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) and Pierre Auger Observatory (PAO) are seemingly contradictory, but utilize different detection methods, as HiRes was a stereo detector and PAO is a hybrid detector. The five year Telescope Array (TA) Middle Drum hybrid composition measurement is similar in some, but not all, respects in methodology to PAO, and good agreement is evident between data and a light, largely protonic, composition when comparing the measurements to predictions obtained with the QGSJetII-03 and QGSJet-01c models. These models are also in agreement with previous HiRes stereo measurements, confirming the equivalence of the stereo and hybrid methods. The data is incompatible with a pure iron composition, for all models examined, over the available range of energies. The elongation rate and mean values of are in good agreement with Pierre Auger Observatory data. This analysis is presented using two methods: data cuts using simple geometrical variables and a new pattern recognition technique.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...of the composition of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) made by the High Resolution Fly’s...
Ključne besede: Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays, Cosmic ray composition, Atmospheric fluorescence, Extensive air shower array, Hybrid, Telescope Array
Objavljeno: 24.04.2020; Ogledov: 344; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,45 MB)

37.
The energy spectrum of cosmic rays above 1017.2 eV measured by the fluorescence detectors of the Telescope Array experiment in seven years
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Telescope Array (TA) experiment is the largest detector to observe ultra-high-energy cosmic rays in the northern hemisphere. The fluorescence detectors at two stations of TA are newly constructed and have now completed seven years of steady operation. One advantage of monocular analysis of the fluorescence detectors is a lower energy threshold for cosmic rays than that of other techniques like stereoscopic observations or coincidences with the surface detector array, allowing the measurement of an energy spectrum covering three orders of magnitude in energy. Analyzing data collected during those seven years, we report the energy spectrum of cosmic rays covering a broad range of energies above 10^17.2eV measured by the fluorescence detectors and a comparison with previously published results.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...experiment is the largest detector to observe ultra-high-energy cosmic rays in the northern hemisphere. The...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Ultra-high energy, Fluorescence detector, Energy spectrum, Ankle, GZK cutoff
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 282; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,23 MB)

38.
Measurement of the proton-air cross section with Telescope Array’s Middle Drum detector and surface array in hybrid mode
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physics...
Ključne besede: Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physics
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 276; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (409,81 KB)

39.
The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array’s Middle Drum Detector and surface array
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energy
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 269; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,12 MB)

40.
Indications of Proton-Dominated Cosmic-Ray Composition above 1.6 EeV
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We report studies of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of air shower maximum (Xmax), for air shower events collected by the High-Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) observatory. The HiRes data are consistent with a constant elongation rate d⟨Xmax⟩/d[log(E)] of 47.9 ± 6.0 (stat) ± 3.2 (syst) g/cm^2/decade for energies between 1.6 and 63 EeV, and are consistent with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II high-energy hadronic interaction models. These measurements constrain models in which the galactic-to-extragalactic transition is the cause of the energy spectrum ankle at 4×10^18 eV.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...We report studies of ultrahigh- energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of... ...with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energy
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 272; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (314,89 KB)

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