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91.
Mass composition of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays with the Telescope Array Surface Detector data
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The results on ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays (UHECR) mass composition obtained with the Telescope Array surface detector are presented. The analysis employs the Boosted Decision tree (BDT) multivariate analysis built upon 14 observables related to both the properties of the shower front and the lateral distribution function. The multivariate classifier is trained with Monte-Carlo sets of events induced by the primary protons and iron. An average atomic mass of UHECR is presented for energies 10^18.0–10^20.0 eV. The average atomic mass of primary particles shows no significant energy dependence and corresponds to ⟨lnA⟩=2.0±0.1 (stat.)±0.44(syst.). The result is compared to the mass composition obtained by the Telescope Array with Xmax technique along with the results of other experiments. Possible systematic errors of the method are discussed.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: UHECR, Cosmic rays, composition
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1727; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (10,07 MB)

92.
Testing a Reported Correlation between Arrival Directions of Ultra-high-energy Cosmic Rays and a Flux Pattern from nearby Starburst Galaxies using Telescope Array Data
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Pierre Auger Collaboration (Auger) recently reported a correlation between the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energies above 39 EeV and the flux pattern of 23 nearby starburst galaxies (SBGs). In this Letter, we tested the same hypothesis using cosmic rays detected by the Telescope Array experiment (TA) in the 9-year period from May 2008 to May 2017. Unlike the Auger analysis, we did not optimize the parameter values but kept them fixed to the best-fit values found by Auger, namely 9.7% for the anisotropic fraction of cosmic rays assumed to originate from the SBGs in the list and 12.9◦ for the angular scale of the correlations. The energy threshold we adopted is 43 EeV, corresponding to 39 EeV in Auger when taking into account the energy-scale difference between two experiments. We find that the TA data is compatible with isotropy to within 1.1σ and with the Auger result to within 1.4σ, meaning that it is not capable to discriminate between these two hypotheses.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, galaxies: starburst, methods: data analysis
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1863; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Polno besedilo (700,72 KB)

93.
Evidence for Declination Dependence of Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Ray Spectrum in the Northern Hemisphere
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2018, drugi članki ali sestavki

Opis: The energy of the ultrahigh energy spectral cutoff was measured, integrating over the northern hemisphere sky, by the Telescope Array (TA) collaboration, to be 10^19.78±0.06 eV, in agreement with the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) experiment, whereas the Pierre Auger experiment, integrating over the southern hemisphere sky, measured the cutoff to be at 10^19.62±0.02 eV. An 11% energy scale difference between the TA and Auger does not account for this difference. However, in comparing the spectra of the Telescope Array and Pierre Auger experiments in the band of declination common to both experiments ( −15.7∘<δ<24.8∘ ) we have found agreement in the energy of the spectral cutoff. While the Auger result is essentially unchanged, the TA cutoff energy has changed to 10^19.59±0.06 eV. In this paper we argue that this is an astrophysical effect.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, UHECR, Cosmic Rays, Anisotropy, Energy Spectrum...
Ključne besede: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, UHECR, Cosmic Rays, Anisotropy, Energy Spectrum
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1790; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Polno besedilo (687,87 KB)

94.
Depth of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray Induced Air Shower Maxima Measured by the Telescope Array Black Rock and Long Ridge FADC Fluorescence Detectors and Surface Array in Hybrid Mode
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Telescope Array (TA) observatory utilizes fluorescence detectors and surface detectors (SDs) to observe air showers produced by ultra high energy cosmic rays in Earth's atmosphere. Cosmic-ray events observed in this way are termed hybrid data. The depth of air shower maximum is related to the mass of the primary particle that generates the shower. This paper reports on shower maxima data collected over 8.5 yr using the Black Rock Mesa and Long Ridge fluorescence detectors in conjunction with the array of SDs. We compare the means and standard deviations of the observed Xmax distributions with Monte Carlo Xmax distributions of unmixed protons, helium, nitrogen, and iron, all generated using the QGSJet II-04 hadronic model. We also perform an unbinned maximum likelihood test of the observed data, which is subjected to variable systematic shifting of the data Xmax distributions to allow us to test the full distributions, and compare them to the Monte Carlo to see which elements are not compatible with the observed data. For all energy bins, QGSJet II-04 protons are found to be compatible with TA hybrid data at the 95% confidence level after some systematic Xmax shifting of the data. Three other QGSJet II-04 elements are found to be compatible using the same test procedure in an energy range limited to the highest energies where data statistics are sparse.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...showers produced by ultra high energy cosmic rays in Earth's atmosphere. Cosmic-ray events observed in...
Ključne besede: acceleration of particles, astrochemistry, astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, elementary particles, UHECR, composition
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1880; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,52 MB)

95.
The energy spectrum of cosmic rays above 1017.2 eV measured by the fluorescence detectors of the Telescope Array experiment in seven years
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Telescope Array (TA) experiment is the largest detector to observe ultra-high-energy cosmic rays in the northern hemisphere. The fluorescence detectors at two stations of TA are newly constructed and have now completed seven years of steady operation. One advantage of monocular analysis of the fluorescence detectors is a lower energy threshold for cosmic rays than that of other techniques like stereoscopic observations or coincidences with the surface detector array, allowing the measurement of an energy spectrum covering three orders of magnitude in energy. Analyzing data collected during those seven years, we report the energy spectrum of cosmic rays covering a broad range of energies above 10^17.2eV measured by the fluorescence detectors and a comparison with previously published results.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Ultra-high energy, Fluorescence detector, Energy spectrum, Ankle, GZK cutoff
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1704; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,23 MB)

96.
Measurement of the proton-air cross section with Telescope Array’s Middle Drum detector and surface array in hybrid mode
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physics...
Ključne besede: Cosmic Rays, proton cross-section, ultra-high energy, particle physics
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1676; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (409,81 KB)

97.
The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array’s Middle Drum Detector and surface array
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energy
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1631; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,12 MB)

98.
Indications of Proton-Dominated Cosmic-Ray Composition above 1.6 EeV
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We report studies of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of air shower maximum (Xmax), for air shower events collected by the High-Resolution Fly’s Eye (HiRes) observatory. The HiRes data are consistent with a constant elongation rate d⟨Xmax⟩/d[log(E)] of 47.9 ± 6.0 (stat) ± 3.2 (syst) g/cm^2/decade for energies between 1.6 and 63 EeV, and are consistent with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II high-energy hadronic interaction models. These measurements constrain models in which the galactic-to-extragalactic transition is the cause of the energy spectrum ankle at 4×10^18 eV.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, Energy spectrum, Telescope Array, Hybrid, Ultra high energy
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1660; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (314,89 KB)

99.
Supergalactic Structure of Energy-Angle Correlations
P. Sokolsky, J. P. Lundquist, 2020, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Evidence for the supergalactic structure of multiplets (energy-angle correlations) has previously been shown using ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) data from Telescope Array (TA) with energies above 10^19 eV. The supergalactic deflection hypothesis (that UHECR sources and intervening magnetic fields are correlated) is measured by the all-sky behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale correlations. The multiplets are measured in spherical surface wedge bins of the field-of-view to account for uniform and random magnetic fields. The structure found is consistent with the previously published energy spectrum anisotropy results of TA and toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet. The 7 year data post-trial significance of this feature appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, was found by Monte Carlo simulation to be ∼4σ. The analysis has now been applied to 10 years of data.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Cosmic rays, UHECR, energy spectrum, magnetic deflection, large-scale structure,...
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, UHECR, energy spectrum, magnetic deflection, large-scale structure, supergalactic, multiplets
Objavljeno: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 1601; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,66 MB)

100.
Improving Particle Identification with Resistant Track Finding for the ISS-CREAM Calorimeter
J. P. Lundquist, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Moving from Antarctic balloons to the International Space Station the Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass detector (ISS-CREAM) has begun taking the highest energy direct measurements of cosmic ray (CR) particles ever attempted. ISS-CREAM will investigate how the energy distributions evolve, for protons all the way to iron nuclei, and will provide important information for models of galactic sources and CR propagation. The CR particle identification can be significantly improved by tracking particle-detector interactions from the calorimeter (for energy measurement) back to the Silicon Charge Detector for atomic number determination. A track finding algorithm resistant to such issues as particle multiplicity, backscatter, and noise is outlined.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...cosmic rays, high energy, track finding...
Ključne besede: cosmic rays, high energy, track finding
Objavljeno: 28.04.2020; Ogledov: 1682; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,23 MB)

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