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1.
Adjective order restrictions of attributive adjectives in Slovenian
Vesna Plesničar, 2017, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...adjective order restrictions, universal hierarchy of adjectival functional projections...
Ključne besede: syntax, attributive adjectives, adjective order restrictions, universal hierarchy of adjectival functional projections
Objavljeno: 26.09.2017; Ogledov: 1162; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,77 MB)

2.
Looking for an extralinguistic source of the strict order of adjectives
Petra Mišmaš, Franc Marušič, Rok Žaucer, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Opis: Assuming the cartographic approach to syntax, adjective ordering, which is argued to be universal (cf. Hetzron 1978, Sproat and Shih 1991, Cinque 1994, Scott 2002 etc.), comes from a universal hierarchy of functional projections that host specific adjectives. We want to explore the source of this order and of the functional hierarchy that dictates it. Cinque and Rizzi (2008) discuss possible origins of the many hierarchies of functional projections and give general cognition as one of the possible answers to the question. If cognition and its restrictions are behind the hierarchy, then the order of projections hosting adjectives should be reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. We prepared several experiments to test this hypothesis.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...etc.), comes from a universal hierarchy of functional projections that host specific adjectives. We want...
Ključne besede: adjectives, cartography, functional hierarchy, cognition
Objavljeno: 15.10.2018; Ogledov: 405; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,02 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3.
Adjectives, hierarchies and cognition
Petra Mišmaš, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: In this talk we will focus on the universal hierarchy of functional projections that host specific types of adjectives and the source of this hierarchy. To achieve this, the talk will consist from two parts. In the first part, the relevant background on the cartographic approach and the order of attributive adjectives will be given. In the second part of the talk, the focus will be on experiments which were conducted to establish if cognition can be taken as a source of the universal hierarchy of functional projections. Specifically, we will first consider the cartographic approach to syntax. Cartography suggests that phrases consist from lexical heads which are dominated by hierarchies of functional projections. Crucially, these hierarchies are argued to be universal, see a. o. Cinque & Rizzi (2008) for an overview of the cartographic program. This also holds for the noun phrase in which functional projections host, among other material, adjectives. This view then gives a natural explanation for the order of attributive adjectives which was said to be universal as well, see for example Hetzron (1978), Cinque (1994), Scott (2002). That is, the order of adjectives is universal because adjectives are hosted by functional projections which appear in a universal hierarchy. The second part of the talk will focus on the source of the universal word order and the functional hierarchy that dictates it. Following Cinque & Rizzi (2008) and Ramchand & Svenonius (2014), we will consider general cognition as one possible source of the universal hierarchy of functional projections. Specifically, I will report on a series of experiments which are a result of joint work with Rok Žaucer and Franc Marušič and are a part of an ongoing project "Probing the cognitive basis of the cartographic hierarchy of functional projections in the noun phrase" financed by the Slovenian Research Agency and conducted at the University of Nova Gorica. Crucially, these experiments are conducted to test the hypothesis that if the universal hierarchy is dictated by general-cognition restrictions, then the order of projections hosting adjectives should be reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. To test this prediction, we are focusing on adjectives for size, color, and shape which seem to universally come in the order size > shape > color. In the talk, I will report on the results of the experiments as well as our future plans.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...will focus on the universal hierarchy of functional projections that host specific types of adjectives...
Ključne besede: adjectives, cartography, functional hierarchy, cognition
Objavljeno: 28.02.2019; Ogledov: 643; Prenosov: 0
.docx Polno besedilo (145,30 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

4.
Size before shape, shape before color
Petra Mišmaš, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: The talk builds on an old observation that the order of attributive adjectives is universal (see for example Hetzron 1978, Sproat and Shih 1991, etc.). This also holds for adjectives for size, shape and color which seem to universally come in the order size > shape > color. One account of such adjective ordering restrictions was offered by the cartographic approach to syntax, see for example Cinque & Rizzi (2008) for an overview of the cartographic program. The core idea of this approach is that phrases consist from lexical heads which are dominated by hierarchies of functional projections. Crucially, the order of functional projections in the hierarchies is argued to be universal. This also holds for the noun phrase in which functional projections host, among other material, adjectives (Cinque 1994, Scott 2002). This means that the order of adjectives is universal because adjectives are hosted by functional projections which appear in a universal hierarchy. Based on this, the focus of the talk will be on the adjectives for size, shape and color as these adjectives will be used to investigate the possibility of a cognitive basis of the universal hierarchy of functional projections. Following Cinque & Rizzi (2008) and Ramchand & Svenonius (2014), general cognition will be considered as a possible source of the universal hierarchy of functional projections. Specifically, I will report on a series of experiments which are a result of joint work with Rok Žaucer and Franc Lanko Marušič and are a part of an ongoing project Probing the cognitive basis of the cartographic hierarchy of functional projections in the noun phrase (J6-7282) financed by the Slovenian Research Agency and conducted at the University of Nova Gorica. These experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that if the universal hierarchy is dictated by general-cognition restrictions, then the order of projections hosting adjectives should be reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. In the talk, I will report on the results of these experiments as well as ongoing research.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...heads which are dominated by hierarchies of functional projections. Crucially, the order of functional projections... ...functional projections which appear in a universal hierarchy. Based on this, the focus of the...
Ključne besede: adjectives, cartography, functional hierarchy, cognition
Objavljeno: 24.04.2019; Ogledov: 490; Prenosov: 0
.docx Polno besedilo (212,42 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

5.
Searching for the basis of the hierarchy of adjectives
Petra Mišmaš, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: The talk focuses on several experiments which were conducted during the ongoing project Probing the cognitive basis of the cartographic hierarchy of functional projections in the noun phrase (J6-7282, financed by the Slovenian Research Agency and conducted at the University of Nova Gorica) and which were intended to establish whether cognition can be taken as a source of the universal hierarchy of functional projections in the noun phrase. The experiments are largely based on the findings of the cartographic approach to syntax, see for example Cinque & Rizzi (2008) for an overview. Specifically, we observe the functional hierarchy of projections which host attributive adjectives in the noun phrase. Under cartography, the existence of such a hierarchy is responsible for the strict word order of adjectives which seems to be, just like the hierarchy itself, universal (see for example Hetzron 1978, Sproat and Shih 1991, etc.). Put differently, the order of adjectives is universal because adjectives are hosted by functional projections which appear in a universal hierarchy (Cinque 1994, Scott 2002). And while much of the cartographic work tries to answer (i) how many functional projections there are and (ii) in which order they come, we focus on the source of the hierarchy of functional projections. Different sources have been suggested in the past, with some authors arguing that the order of adjectives is a consequence of Universal Grammar (Scott 2002), however, we investigate general cognition as a possible source of the universal hierarchy of functional projections, as proposed by Cinque & Rizzi (2008) and Ramchand & Svenonius (2014). To test the hypothesis that the universal hierarchy is dictated by general-cognition restrictions we have created tasks to observe whether the order of projections, which host adjectives, is reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. If a bias is detected, it could be taken as indication that universal hierarchies of functional projections are based on properties of general cognition. To address this prediction, we only consider three types of properties: size, shape and color. These are encoded in adjectives for size, shape and color (for example, adjective red is related to the property of being red) which universally come in the order size > shape > color. Specifically, we expect to find a larger bias towards color, followed by shape and finally by size. This prediction was tested with two different tasks performed by adult subjects and with a sorting task which was tested with the help of subjects aged 18 to 36 months.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...cognitive basis of the cartographic hierarchy of functional projections in the noun phrase (J6-7282, financed...
Ključne besede: adjectives, cartography, functional hierarchy, cognition
Objavljeno: 15.05.2019; Ogledov: 256; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (67,77 KB)

6.
Looking for Cognitive Foundations of Functional Sequences
Rok Žaucer, Petra Mišmaš, Franc Marušič, 2019, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: With the multiplication of various functional projections, syntactic structures became very complex entities. Approaches like Cartography (e.g. Cinque and Rizzi 2008) went one step further than most other approaches, proposing that each sentence comprises of a number of universal, strictly ordered functional projections. In the noun phrase, the strictly ordered functional projections are said to be responsible not only for the relative order of numerals, demonstratives and nouns (cf. Cinque 2005), but also for the universal order of various types of adjectives (cf. Hetzron 1978; Sproat and Shih 1991; Cinque 1994; Scott 2002, etc.). Cinque and Rizzi (2008) discuss possible origins of the many hierarchies of functional projections and suggest that they might derive from general cognition. If cognition and its restrictions are behind the hierarchy of functional projections, then the order of projections hosting adjectives should be reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. We designed several experiments to test this hypothesis. Our experiments did not confirm our hypothesis; but as we have also identified problems in the design of our experiments, our results do not warrant a clear rejection of the hypothesis either.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...cognition and its restrictions are behind the hierarchy of functional projections, then the order of...
Ključne besede: noun phrase, adjective ordering restrictions, functional hierarchy, experimental syntax, cognitive foundations of syntax
Objavljeno: 22.11.2019; Ogledov: 105; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (297,67 KB)

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