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1.
Donor doping of K0.5Na0.5NbO3 ceramics with strontium and its implications to grain size, phase composition and crystal structure
Jitka Hreščak, Goran Dražić, Marco Deluca, Iztok Arčon, Alojz Kodre, M. Dapiaggi, Tadej Rojac, Barbara Malič, Andreja Benčan, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this study, the particular effects of A-site donor doping in a lead-free piezoceramic material K0.5Na0.5NbO3 (KNN) doped with Sr2+, i.e., the crystal-structure change, the secondary-phase formation and the grain-size decrease, were investigated. The already-reported causes of these effects upon doping KNN were critically discussed and a mechanism of the effects’ formation was suggested and experimentally supported with advanced analytical methods. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses proved that the Sr occupies the perovskite A-sublattice, and locally modifies the KNN monoclinic structure to cubic. With the help of Sr K-edge EXAFS and wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, the Sr was found to be homogenously distributed in the KNN perovskite lattice with 0.5, 1 and 2% Sr and no Sr segregation on the nano level was found in any of the studied samples with transmission electron microscopy. Introducing Sr into the A-sublattice, as well as accounting for the charge-compensating A-site vacancies in the starting composition, causes increasing lattice disorder and microstrain, as determined from a Rietveld refinement of the synchrotron X-ray diffraction data. Above 2% Sr the system segregates the A-site vacancies in a secondary phase in order to release the chemical pressure, as revealed by Raman spectroscopy. All these effects result in an increasing number of low-angle grain boundaries that limit the grain growth and finally lead to a significant grain-size decrease.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...analyses proved that the Sr occupies the perovskite A-sublattice, and locally modifies the KNN monoclinic...
Ključne besede: perovskite, potassium sodium niobate, donor doping, cation vacancies
Objavljeno: 17.01.2017; Ogledov: 3453; Prenosov: 274
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,11 MB)

2.
Unusual magnetodielectric effects in La2CuMnO6 induced by a dynamic crossover in dielectric relaxation at TC
Jasnamol Pezhumkattil Palakkal, Cheriyedath Raj Sankar, Ajeesh Parayancheri Paulose, Matjaž Valant, Artem Badasyan, Manoj Raama Varma, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A series of fixed frequency dielectric measurements shows dielectric relaxation in La2CuMnO6, with a dynamic (Arrhenius to Arrhenius) crossover at TC. The external magnetic field alters the relaxation parameters in the vicinity of crossover and induces an unusual trend in the magnetodielectric coupling around TC. A large magnetodielectric coupling of 55% (at 68 K, 4 kHz) and 61% (at 105 K, 285.8 kHz) under a small magnetic field of 5 kOe is discovered. Presence of ferromagnetic short-range correlations above TC and a sign reversal of magnetoresistance around TC are observed. Specific heat analysis revealed the presence of ferromagnetic, variable range hopping active charge localized state. The presence of ferromagnetic short-range correlations and the influence of a core-grain dominated magnetoresistance on the Maxwell-Wagner interfacial polarization are responsible for the observed large magnetodielectric effect. Both the magnetic ordering and external magnetic field control the electric dipole relaxation in the material.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Double perovskite Griffiths-like phase Dielectric Magnetoresistance Magnetodielectric...
Ključne besede: Double perovskite Griffiths-like phase Dielectric Magnetoresistance Magnetodielectric
Objavljeno: 03.01.2018; Ogledov: 2479; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,24 MB)

3.
Co-evaporation of doped inorganic carrier selective layers for high-performance inverted planar perovskite solar cells
Qiugui Zeng, Zeyu Fan, Beibei Zhang, Yanbo Li, Jiexuan Jiang, Andraž Mavrič, Nadiia Pastukhova, Matjaž Valant, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Inorganic carrier selective layers (CSLs), whose conductivity can be effectively tuned by doping, offer low-cost and stable alternatives for their organic counterparts in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, we employ a dual-source electron-beam co-evaporation method for the controlled deposition of copper-doped nickel oxide (Cu:NiO) and tungsten-doped niobium oxide (W:Nb2O5) as hole and electron transport layers, respectively. The mechanisms for the improved conductivity using dopants are investigated. Owing to the improved conductivity and optimized band alignment of the doped CSLs, the all-inorganic-CSLs-based PSCs achieves a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 20.47%. Furthermore, a thin titanium buffer layer is inserted between the W:Nb2O5 and the silver electrode to prevent the halide ingression and improve band alignment. This leads to a further improvement of PCE to 21.32% and a long-term stability (1200 h) after encapsulation. Finally, the large-scale applicability of the doped CSLs by co-evaporation is demonstrated for the device with 1 cm2 area showing a PCE of over 19%. Our results demonstrate the potential application of the co-evaporated CSLs with controlled doping in PSCs for commercialization.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: carrier selective layers, Cu-doped nickel oxide, electron-beam evaporation, perovskite solar cells, W-doped niobium oxide
Objavljeno: 17.03.2022; Ogledov: 285; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,38 MB)
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