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1.
Pragmatic abilities in bilinguals
Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, Anne Cheylus, Viviane Déprez, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Jacques Jayez, Arthur Stepanov, Anne Reboul, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The experimental literature on the pragmatic abilities of bilinguals is rather sparse. The only study investigating adult second language (L2) learners ( Slabakova, 2010 ) found an increase of pragmatic responses in that population relative to monolinguals. The results of studies on early bilingual children are unclear, some finding a significant increase in pragmatic responses in early bilingual children (preschoolers) relative to monolinguals ( Siegal et al., 2007 ), while another ( Antoniou and Katsos, 2017 ), testing school children, does not. We tested adult French L2 learners of English and Spanish (in their two languages) as well as French monolingual controls in Experiment 1 and Italian-Slovenian early bilingual children (in both languages) and Slovenian monolingual controls in Experiment 2. Our results were similar to those of Antoniou and Katsos (2017) in early bilingual children, but different from those of Siegal et al. (2007) . We found no pragmatic bias in adult L2 leaners relative to adult monolinguals.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...quantifier, scalar implicature, L2 learner, bilingualism...
Ključne besede: quantifier, scalar implicature, L2 learner, bilingualism
Objavljeno: 17.01.2018; Ogledov: 574; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,10 MB)

2.
Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Meaning of Quantifiers
ANNE REBOUL, Viviane Déprez, Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Arthur Stepanov, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: One of the most studied scales in the literature on scalar implicatures is the quantifier scale. While the truth of some is entailed by the truth of all, some is felicitous only when all is false. This opens the possibility that some would be felicitous if, e.g., almost all of the objects in the restriction of the quantifier have the property ascribed by the nuclear scope. This prediction from the standard theory of quantifier interpretation clashes with native speakers’ intuitions. In Experiment 1 we report a questionnaire study on the perception of quantifier meanings in English, French, Slovenian, and German which points to a cross-linguistic variation with respect to the perception of numerical bounds of the existential quantifier. In Experiment 2, using a picture choice task, we further examine whether the numerical bound differences correlate with differences in pragmatic interpretations of the quantifier some in English and quelques in French and interpret the results as supporting our hypothesis that some and its cross-linguistic counterparts are subjected to different processes of pragmatic enrichment.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...most studied scales in the literature on scalar implicatures is the quantifier scale. While the... ...quantifier, numerical bound, scalar implicature, R/I-implicature, M-implicature...
Ključne besede: quantifier, numerical bound, scalar implicature, R/I-implicature, M-implicature
Objavljeno: 15.05.2019; Ogledov: 178; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,30 MB)

3.
Editorial: Scalar Implicatures
Anne Reboul, Penka Stateva, 2019, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: In 1975, Grice introduced the notion of implicature, arguing that it was more appropriate to account for a class of apparent lexical ambiguities through pragmatic processes than by multiplying lexical meanings (Modified Ockham's razor: Do not multiply meanings beyond necessity; Grice, 1975). For the past 20 years, experimental approaches have superseded purely theoretical ones, with mixed results. Paradigms using verification tasks on infelicitous sentences, with rate of pragmatic answers and reaction time as measures, have generally concluded in favor of the post-Gricean views (Bott and Noveck, 2004; Noveck and Reboul, 2008). However, some recent studies discuss additional factors affecting implicature processing and have introduced new paradigms which suggest a different conclusion (Katsos and Bishop, 2011; Breheny et al., 2013; Degen and Tanenhaus, 2015; Foppolo and Marelli, 2017; Bill et al.; Jasbi et al.; Sikos et al.). In addition, current research has shown that lexical scales may play a role in the process in keeping with neo-Gricean views. This Frontiers topic is a collection of 12 contributions in experimental pragmatics focusing on different aspects of child and adult processing of implicatures, factors affecting their rate, relevance of testing paradigms, scale diversity, cross-linguistic differences, and variation in triggers.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...In 1975, Grice introduced the notion of implicature, arguing that it was more appropriate to...
Ključne besede: scalar implicature, experimental pragmatics, neo-Gricean pragmatics, post-Gricean pragmatics, grammatical theory of implicatures
Objavljeno: 31.07.2019; Ogledov: 239; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Polno besedilo (181,24 KB)

4.
On the Cost of Scalar Implicatures
GRETA MAZZAGGIO, ANNE REBOUL, CHIARA CARETTA, MÉLODY DARBLADE, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Anne Cheylus, Penka Stateva, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...scalar implicature, reaction time, eye-tracking, sentence evaluation task...
Ključne besede: scalar implicature, reaction time, eye-tracking, sentence evaluation task
Objavljeno: 02.09.2019; Ogledov: 78; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (847,52 KB)

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