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71.
ACCESSIBILITY AS A NON-PREJUDICIAL APPROACH: IS CULTURE BACK TO NORMALITY?
Ilaria Bollati, 2018, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This research explores the general and actual accessibility to cultural spaces and organizations, focusing on the network of relationships between contents, innovation, and participation. It investigates how Culture can be perceived as a normal experience, actually able to set a rich dialogue with each of us, normal ordinary people/consumers. Normality means inclusion and sharing. The proposed investigation is based on a triad of interactions among culture, economics, and design. Assuming that Culture generates its value from a cognitive approach, or from a dynamic and context-dependent value chain that is subject to a cognitive evolution, this research acknowledges that the cultural experience is subject to a double issue of access: - The horizontal question is related to complications associated with the structure. Believing that ‘culture is special’ implies the risk of progressively widening the gap between cultural supply and society. Culture is ‘locked’ in specific sites and a big slice of the world’s adult population has yet to be involved in any cultural experience. - Once physically inside the cultural structure, the vertical issue is generated by the difficulty in entering in contact with the offered contents. This research focuses only on museums and multimedia exhibitions in which the learning process has changed: the research presents itself as a conversation where both ‘those who know’ and ‘those who learn’ play equally active parts in a relative process of understanding. Starting from the existing processes, forms, previous studies and case studies, the survey yearns for their systematization in innovative models. The process, from theory to practice and vice versa, goes beyond a traditional mechanism of deduction: it moves from specific contexts to the abstraction of replicable approaches. The question of how the narration emerges guides you toward a new method of analysis, study, and cataloguing; a schematization capable of investigating not only knowledge, but also the visitor's ‘cognitive metabolism’ (how knowledge is acquired) during the multimedia experience; an innovative multipurpose tool, useful for both the museum institution and the designer. The research finally assesses and takes into account an actual experiment, the outcomes of which may prove to be useful in feeding theoretical implications with empirical experiences: RovelloDue - Piccolo Spazio Politecnico, a temporary multimedia space.
Ključne besede: audience development, cognitive accessibility, cultural addiction, culture, human, emotion, immersion, innovation, interactive exhibitions, participation, natural interfaces, normality, technologies
Objavljeno: 13.12.2018; Ogledov: 59; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Polno besedilo (45,89 MB)

72.
Monitoring okolja
Jelena Topić, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: monitoring, okolje
Objavljeno: 13.12.2018; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,77 MB)

73.
Characterization of lactic bacteria for biogenic amine formation
Branka Mozetič Vodopivec, Martina Bergant Marušič, Jelena Topić, Dorota Korte, Lorena Butinar, 2018, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Biogenic amines are compounds present in many different foods and beverages (wine, beer, dairy products, fermented vegetables and soy products, fish, etc.). Their presence in foodstuff is a result of a microbial action during storage and ageing. The most important are histamine, tryptamine, β-phenylethylamine and tryptamine, which can induce undesirable physiological effects in humans. They are formed through decarboxylation of corresponding amino acids, through the action of enzymes. Consumption of food containing biogenic amines can lead to food poisoning such as histamine poisoning. Histamine, the most studied biogenic amine, is known to cause headaches, oedema, vomiting, etc. [1]–[4]. Monitoring of the content of biogenic amines in foods is of concern for public health in their relation to the food safety, food spoilage and food intolerance. Because microorganisms are used in food productions as starters and biopreservers, characterization of microorganisms for their ability to produce biogenic amines is equally important. Lactic acid bacteria are often used as biopreservers as they can produce antimicrobial metabolites and antifungal peptides. Some strains can also produce undesirable biogenic amines [5]. In order to use lactic acid bacteria as starters or biopreservers, the selection of strains that would not produce biogenic amines is necessary. When considering studies of biogenic amines in foods, focus should be on developing new or improving analysis methods for biogenic amines detection. Secondly, the connections between microorganisms capable of producing biogenic amines and the content of biogenic amines in foods should be investigated [3]. The most widely technique used for quantification of biogenic amines in foodstuff is liquid chromatography, Alternatively to chromatographic techniques, other techniques such as enzymatic biosensors, ELISA and flow-injection analysis have also been employed. Sensors are interesting due to the fact that they do not require special instrumentations, and there is no need for sample clean-up and derivatization, which are the main drawback of chromatographic methods [4]. Detection of biogenic amines producing lactic bacteria is important due to the concerns for public health and there is a need for the early and rapid detection of such microorganisms. Most of the methods that are used for screening involved the measurement of amino acid-decarboxylase activity, although there were been some methods reported that used differential media and pH indicators. Nowadays, molecular methods are replacing culture methods. Molecular approaches are used to determine the presence or absence of genes responsible for biogenic amines formation. The main advantages of DNA hybridization and PCR methods are speed, simplicity, sensitivity and specificity as they allow detection of targeted genes. Culture independent methods which are based on PCR techniques are now regarded as most suitable methods for screening isolates [5]. [1] A. R. Shalaby, “Significance of biogenic amines to food safety and human health,” Food Res. Int., vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 675–690, Oct. 1996. [2] J. M. Landete, S. Ferrer, and I. Pardo, “Biogenic amine production by lactic acid bacteria, acetic bacteria and yeast isolated from wine,” Food Control, vol. 18, pp. 1569–1574, 2007. [3] F. B. Erim, “Recent analytical approaches to the analysis of biogenic amines in food samples,” TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 52. pp. 239–247, 2013. [4] J. L. Ordóñez, A. M. Troncoso, M. D. C. García-Parrilla, and R. M. Callejón, “Recent trends in the determination of biogenic amines in fermented beverages – A review,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 939. pp. 10–25, 2016. [5] R. M. Elsanhoty and M. F. Ramadan, “Genetic screening of biogenic amines production capacity from some lactic acid bacteria strains,” Food Control, vol. 68, pp. 220–228, Oct. 2016.
Ključne besede: lactic bacteria, biogenic amines
Objavljeno: 13.12.2018; Ogledov: 55; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (504,99 KB)

74.
Preliminarni rezultati študije mlečnokislinskih bakterij povezanih z vinom Teran
Jelena Topić, Lorena Butinar, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: Mlečnokislinske bakterije, teran, biogeni amini
Objavljeno: 13.12.2018; Ogledov: 47; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (308,36 KB)

75.
Leteči verzi
Barbara Pregelj, 2018, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Španska literarna veda letakom namenja precejšnjo pozornost, v slovenskem prostoru so bile na njih prvič natisnjene slovenske besede. V prispevku v primerjalni optiki starejše slovenske in španske književnosti letake obravnavam kot začetno obliko književnosti na prehodu med ustnim in pisnim. Predstavim tipologijo slovenskih letakov in osvetljujem kontekst, v katerem so ti v obeh literaturah nastajali.
Ključne besede: letak, ljudske pesmi, starejša književnost, tipologija letakov
Objavljeno: 12.12.2018; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (703,00 KB)

76.
77.
Motiviranje za branje in slovenski klasiki
Barbara Pregelj, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: motiviranje za branje, bralnomotivacijske strategije, Montserrat Sarto, bralnomotivacijski projekti
Objavljeno: 12.12.2018; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,78 MB)

78.
Lik intelektualke v slovenski književnosti do druge svetovne vojne
Urša Pogačar, 2018, diplomsko delo

Opis: Diplomsko delo preučuje literarna besedila slovenskih avtoric in avtorjev, ki na mesto glavnih književnih likov postavljajo žensko, ki ne nastopa več v svoji tradicionalni vlogi (žena/mati/ljubica), temveč predstavlja novo družbeno vlogo (izobraženka/intelektualka). V zadnjem desetletju 19. stoletja in v obdobju do 2. svetovne vojne so slovenske pisateljice v svojih literarnih besedilih predstavile nov književni lik v slovenski literaturi – lik intelektualke. Predstavile so like žensk z intelektualnimi ambicijami, ki si z izobrazbo pridobijo poklic, s katerim vstopijo v javno sfero življenja. Zaposlujejo se na področju šolstva (študentke, učiteljice), umetnosti (pisateljice, glasbenice) in naravoslovja (znanstvenice, inženirke). Znotraj javne sfere se soočajo z različnimi težavami: nezadovoljstvo s poklicem (neenakopravnost, celibat), odpor do domačega okolja (patriarhalna družbena ureditev), finančno pomanjkanje (necenjeno delo), razdvojenost (čustva/razum) in neuresničenost (družina/služba). Nekatere življenje spremenijo s poroko, vendar niso srečne, saj s tem pristanejo na podrejeni položaj znotraj zasebne sfere, manj je takih, ki pod težo življenja resignirajo, zbolijo ali umrejo, največ je tistih intelektualk, ki težkemu življenju in poklicu navkljub zavračajo tradicionalno vlogo ženske v družbi, si želijo enakopravnosti in znotraj težke situacije vztrajajo. Na ta način so slovenske pisateljice opozarjale na neenakovreden položaj žensk v družbi in dokazovale, da je ženski spol enakovreden moškemu ter si zasluži enake temeljne človekove pravice, to so pravica do izobrazbe, zaposlitve, plačila, politične volilne pravice. Opozarjanju na problematiko neenakovrednega položaja žensk v družbi so se pisateljicam v dvajsetih letih 20. stoletja pridružili slovenski pisatelji, tudi v njihovih besedilih se namreč pojavijo glavni ženski književni liki, ki zavzemajo novo družbeno vlogo, čeravno jih je številčno manj kot pri pisateljicah.
Ključne besede: slovenske pisateljice, slovenski pisatelji, Lea Fatur, Marica Nadlišek Bartol, Zofka Kveder, Marija Kmet, Marijana Kokalj Željeznova, Milena Mohorič, Silva Tdina, Stanko Majcen, France Bevk, Ivan Mrak, intelektualka, ženska družbena vloga, enakopravnost
Objavljeno: 12.12.2018; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Polno besedilo (682,77 KB)

79.
80.
Integration and inclusive education, local experiences
Arthur Stepanov, 2018, druga izvedena dela

Objavljeno: 12.12.2018; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,05 MB)
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