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31.
V očeh razpadajočega imperija: Podoba Slovenije v Sovjetski zvezi in Rusiji v času slovenskega osamosvajanja (1990 – 1992)
Andrej Stopar, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Za mlado državo je priznanje mednarodne skupnosti ključnega pomena. Tudi za Republiko Slovenijo je bilo. Sovjetska zveza je odločno podpirala enotnost in ozemeljsko celovitost SFR Jugoslavije, katere razpad je obravnavala v kontekstu lastne dezintegracije. Disertacija V očeh razpadajočega imperija: Podoba Slovenije v Sovjetski zvezi in Rusiji v času slovenskega osamosvajanja (1990 – 1992) tematizira sovjetske in ruske poglede na razpad SFR Jugoslavije in jugoslovanskega sistema ter na slovenska prizadevanja za rusko priznanje neodvisnosti in suverenosti republike. Pri tem se opira na gradivo najpomembnejših sovjetskih in ruskih tiskanih medijev v obdobju 1990 – 1992, na sovjetske in ruske diplomatske vire, uradne izjave, komentarje akademskih krogov ter spominske in dnevniške zapise. Disertacija skuša pokazati, da je bila odločitev Moskve posledica kratkotrajnega sovpadanja določenih mednarodnopolitičnih razmer, takrat nove ruske zunanjepolitične strategije, ki se je hitro spremenila in je kot takšna pomenila izjemo v ruski tradiciji zunanjepolitičnih konceptov, ter predvsem notranjepolitičnih napetosti v Ruski federaciji po razpadu Sovjetske zveze.
Ključne besede: Sovjetska zveza, Rusija, Jugoslavija, Slovenija, diplomatski odnosi, mediji, razpad socialističnih federacij
Objavljeno: 22.01.2016; Ogledov: 1656; Prenosov: 111
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,02 MB)

32.
Water salinity and the efficiency of constructed wetlands
Milana Karajić, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Raziskava teze je bila osredotočena na vpliv slanosti na učinkovitost rastlinske čistilne naprave. Raziskava je bila izvedena na rastlinski čistilni napravi Dragonja ki se nahaja na Jadranski obali, na jugo-zahodu Slovenije in na pilotskem modelu rastlinske čistilne naprave. Rezultati raziskave sugerirajo, da povečanje slanosti negativno vpliva na učinkovitost skoraj vseh spremljanih parametrov (amonijaka, fosfata, nitrata, nitrita, COD in BOD5), ampak korelacija ni bila signifikantna. Majhni koeficienti korelacije pomenijo, da koncentracije kloridov in prevodnost lahko razložijo majhen delež variabilnosti učinkovitosti rastlinske čistilne naprave Dragonja. Mogoče ima prisotnost različnih koncentracij drugih polutantov v izcedni vodi, ki jih nismo spremljali v nalogi, inhibitorni vpliv na mikroorganizme v rastlinski čistilni napravi in tako negativno vpliva na učinkovitost rastlinske čistilne naprave Dragonja. Za raziskavo procesa čiščenja slane odpadne vode so bili v substratu pilotskega modela rastlinske čistilne naprave inokulirani halotolerantni mikroorganizmi in spremljana učinkovitost čiščenja odpadne vode. Vpliv slanosti na učinkovitost, preživetje in uporabo halotolerantnih mikroorganizmov je bil preverjen pri 0%, 1,5% in 3,0% NaCl v odpadni vodi. Prav tako smo raziskali vpliv aeracije ter vpliv aeracije z dodano saharozo (2g/l) v sintetični odpadni vodi. V substratu pilotskega modela peščenega filtra rastlinske čistilne naprave smo spremljali spremembe v pH, prevodnosti, redoks potencialu, koncentraciji kisika, amonijevih ionov, kloridnih ionov, fosfatnih ionov, KPK, BPK5 in ETS aktivnosti, koncentraciji CO2 v vodi in koncentraciji CO2. Ugotovili smo, da je na učinkovitost pilotskega modela, inokuliranega s halotolerantnimi mikroorganizmi, večji vpliv imela aeracija in prisotnost saharoze (kot organskega izvira ogljika), kot spremembe v slanosti vode.
Ključne besede: rastlinske čistilne naprave, slana odpadna voda, halotolerantni mikroorganizmi
Objavljeno: 22.12.2015; Ogledov: 1236; Prenosov: 26
.pdf Polno besedilo (6,15 MB)

33.
34.
Depression between biomedicine and Ayurvedic medicine
Maja Kolarević, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The present work explores the "major depression", which falls in a psychiatric categorization of mental disorders in the spectrum of mood disorders. The subject of the research was the (de)construction of scientific knowledge of depression in terms of Indian medicine: Ayurveda and biomedicine /psychiatry, and the understanding of treatment, accompanied by an example of these two medical systems from the points of view of the patients in Slovenia, diagnosed with major depression. This dissertation represents multi-layered content analysis highly relevant to the field of mental health – to cope and deal with the depressive mood disorder, as one of the most common forms of mental health problems. To this end the following was conducted: (1) a comparison between the conceptualization and treatment of major depressive disorder in psychiatric and Ayurvedic theory, (2) an examination of Ayurveda practice transferred to a different cultural environment, i.e. in Slovenia, in comparison with the environment from which it comes, i.e. in India, (3) an identification of key factors that prompt them to undergo Ayurvedic or psychiatric practice, (4) an analysis and a comparison of the course and the outcome of the treatment using both approaches, and (5) a comparison of participants understandings of depression from the psychiatric and the Ayurvedic aspects using narrative approach. The purpose of this research was to examine the differences between the two approaches of treatment for depression arising from the different concepts of understanding its causes, its course and consequently its therapeutic intervention. The main focus lies on the advantages / disadvantages of compared practices as experienced by patients with depression. This issue is particularly important because, according to health statistics, depression today ranks among one of the most common forms of mental disorders, and its incidence is on the rise. This is not necessarily a reflection of the increased cases as such, but might also be attributed to the better recognition and greater awareness of depression by healthcare professionals and the general public. The effects of Ayurvedic practice as treatment of mental disorders are still relatively poorly examined, as well as the transfer of Ayurvedic medicine into a different cultural environment. Studies on the treatment of mental disorders with Ayurvedic medicine from the perspective of a European patient experience are few and there is a major gap in this research field. In my opinion, the dissertation would immensely contribute to the enormous research gap on the treatment of major depressive disorders with Ayurvedic practice in Slovenian territory. From the scientific point of view, the results of this research represent a significant development in our current understanding of the still prevailing concepts of medical theories and practices in the field of mental health.
Ključne besede: major depression, psychiatry, Ayurvedic medicine, medicalization, paramedicalization
Objavljeno: 15.12.2015; Ogledov: 1295; Prenosov: 100
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,85 MB)

35.
MOLECULAR MECHANISMS REGULATING ATP SIGNALING IN MOUSE SENSORY NEURONS
Tanja Bele, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Coordinated and harmonized neuronal and glial responses to variations in extracellular levels of active soluble mediators such as ATP are essential in controlling neuronal activity. In pathological conditions involving sensory nervous system, elevations in extracellular ATP levels are believed to be one of the main reason for neuronal sensitization. This notion led us to explore mechanisms of ATP release in sensory ganglia and we found that association among P2X purinergic receptors, their downstream effectors (CASK and CaMKII) and hemichannel Panx1 regulates inhibition of ATP release in basal conditions and that same players are involved in P2X3 receptor evoked-ATP release which globally suggest that even if observed proteins are expressed in different cells, they could be modulated by similar mechanisms and are possibly part of an “ATP-keeper molecular system” that finely regulates extracellular levels of ATP by its sensing and further adjustments of peculiar extracellular concentrations. Further we showed that P2X3 receptors interact with Panx1 in sensory neurons and that molecular coupling between P2X3, CASK and Panx1 contributes to decoding of the complex purinergic signaling involved in nociception which represents a novel and interesting mechanism of pain regulation that could be precisely targeted in order to alleviate tedious disorders of sensory neurons.
Ključne besede: ATP, ATP release, purinergic signaling, trigeminal ganglion, pain, migraine, P2X3, CASK, Pannexin-1, synaptic strength
Objavljeno: 10.12.2015; Ogledov: 1375; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,75 MB)

36.
Ustno izročilo in kulturni spomin v zgornjem Obsotelju
Katarina Šrimpf, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Doktorska disertacija z naslovom Ustno izročilo in kolektivni spomin v zgornjem Obsotelju je celovita študija pripovednega izročila zgornjega Obsotelja, območja na slovenskem etničnem ozemlju. V uvodu prinaša predstavitev območja in krajev v treh raziskovanih občinah z zgodovinskega, gospodarskega pa tudi družbenega in kulturnega vidika ter predstavitev gradiva, tako starejšega, ki je bilo zbrano s pomočjo arhivskega dela, kot tudi novejšega, ki je bilo zbrano s terenskim delom. Gradivo je opisano in analizirano skozi žanrsko in tematsko strukturo. Drugi del disertacije je osredotočen na pomen in vlogo, ki jo imajo izbrani elementi pripovednega izročila v družbenem in kulturnem življenju obravnavanega območja. Kot ključni elementi za razumevanje pomena in vloge pripovedništva so se pokazali trije kriteriji: 1) percepcija prostora in časa, 2) konstruiranje identitet, 3) sodobna raba pripovedi in njihovih funkcij. Prostor in čas, kot se kažeta skozi pripovedno izročilo, sta koncipirana s pomočjo liminalnega časa in prostora ter etioloških povedk in zgodovinskih zgodb. Šaljive zgodbe o Lemberžanih ter zbadljivke in druge zgodbe o Hrvatih so v zgornjem Obsotelju priročno sredstvo za ločevanje ene skupine od druge, kar omogoča konstruiranje tako lokalnih kot nacionalnih in drugih identitet. Funkcijo vzbujanja občutka lokalne pripadnosti in vzpostavljanja lokalne identitete ima tudi sodobna raba lokalnega pripovednega izročila, ki je vzeto iz primarnega okolja. Poskus razumevanja pomenov in funkcij, ki jih ima ustno izročilo v lokalnem okolju, je glavna tema te disertacije.
Ključne besede: ustno izročilo, pripovedništvo, zgornje Obsotelje, percepcija prostora in časa, ustvarjanje identitet
Objavljeno: 04.12.2015; Ogledov: 1427; Prenosov: 99
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,95 MB)

37.
Earthen architecture, tradition and modernity: Local self construction through building tradition and technological innovation opportunities in Chiapas, Mexico
Karla Sánchez Torres, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Earthen architecture represents a long building tradition of numerous indigenous communities in Mexico, in particular in the state of Chiapas, where a significant number of examples represent a rich historical tradition of earthen architecture and a valuable source of information, hence a fertile ground for a deeper investigation on its potential significance and, more broadly, for a greater understanding of sustainable building today. Despite the fact that the relevance of earthen architecture is widespread all over the world, traditional earthen architecture in Chiapas is scarcely documented, it lacks systematic research projects aimed at preserving this important tradition of these indigenous groups who often live in precarious conditions. Hence, this research highlights not only the widespread employment of earth as a traditional building material for the indigenous groups of Chiapas, but also its additional function as being an authentic expression of the architectural legacy of indigenous culture and thus a key potential factor for the development of the self construction. The first part of the dissertation introduces a general overview and prevailing knowledge on earthen architecture, mainly through investigating the bibliographic, historical and technical sources as well as the particular studies on earthen architecture in Mexico. The second part discusses the results of the field studies related to the specific conditions of earthen architecture in Chiapas through sampling, testing, photographic reference and interviews. On analysing the results of the field studies it can be established that the local population has shown a particular interest in the continuity of the earthen building tradition, in spite of this period of far-reaching globalisation building trends. For this reason the final part of dissertation propooses the manual. The main objective of the manual is to improve the traditional earthen building system by introducing a number of minor variations to the building technologies and new sustainable suggestions for the management of the living space, without sacrificing the flair and simplicity found within the local building tradition, thus giving new opportunities for the development of local populations through the preservation of the earthen building tradition.
Ključne besede: earthen architecture, indigenous, self-construction, manual, tradition, local communities
Objavljeno: 01.12.2015; Ogledov: 1137; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Polno besedilo (34,58 MB)

38.
Diagnostic and prognostic markers in canine inflammatory and neoplastic head and neck conditions
Ana Rejec, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Several different types of conditions with inflammatory and neoplastic background affect the anatomical localities of the head and neck in a dog. It is a well-recognized fact that these conditions affect the quality of life, as they are associated with various degree of regional dysfunction, have systemic effects and can be direct or indirect cause of death. Unfortunately, many dogs with both inflammatory and neoplastic head and neck conditions are presented at an advanced stage of the disease which can have significant impact on treatment strategies. The identification of biomarkers is advisable to enhance effective staging, grading and prognostication, which will in turn more accurately direct recommendations for therapy. These biomarkers can theoretically help to distinguish between inflammatory and neoplastic conditions, justify the management of patients more accurately and potentially predict the prognosis and the survival of patients. It was our interest to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of complete blood count parameters and indices in dogs with head and neck conditions of inflammatory and neoplastic origin, regulatory T cells in dogs with periodontal disease, immunohistochemical (Ki-67 and VEGFR-2) and histopathological biomarkers in dogs with inflammatory and neoplastic head and neck conditions and to evaluate the effectiveness of an accelerated radiotherapy protocol for the treatment of advanced canine HNSCC. We have proved that the parameters investigated might serve as important supportive diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarkers which might help to improve the treatment strategies of both inflammatory and neoplastic head and neck conditions in dogs and that the accelerated chemoradiotherapy protocol represents an effective alternative treatment option for dogs with advanced HNSCC.
Ključne besede: biomarkers, dogs, periodontal disease, regulatory T cells, head and neck tumours, complete blood count, radiotherapy, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2
Objavljeno: 26.11.2015; Ogledov: 1315; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Polno besedilo (59,54 MB)

39.
Aspects of micro black hole evaporation
Saeede Nafooshe, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Ključne besede: micro black holes, evaporation, gravitons, grey-body factors, large dimensions, quasi-normal modes, Vaidya metric
Objavljeno: 17.11.2015; Ogledov: 1694; Prenosov: 107
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,14 MB)

40.
On the Optionality of Wh-Fronting in a Multiple Wh-Fronting Language
Petra Mišmaš, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This thesis explores the fact that in Slovenian multiple wh-questions not all wh-phrases have to front. This suggests that multiple wh-movement in Slovenian is optional. The majority of the existing literature on multiple wh-fronting focuses on questions in which all wh-phrases have to move to clause initial positions, I, on the other hand, focus on optionality in multiple wh-questions. I show movement in Slovenian is not avoided because of phonological, syntactic or semantic restrictions that influence other languages (cf. Bošković 2002), and that the Principle of Distinctness (Richards 2010) does not account for all cases of optional multiple wh-fronting in Slovenian. Three types of multiple wh-questions in Slovenian are determined and analyzed: (i) questions in which all wh-phrases move to clause initial positions (i.e. questions with multiple wh-fronting), (ii) questions in which one wh-phrase has to be moved to a clause initial position and the rest undergo movement to a clause internal position (multiple wh-questions with short movement), (iii) questions in which at least one wh-phrase has to be moved to a clause initial position and the rest stay in situ (multiple wh-questions with wh-in-situ). Crucially, in all three types at least one wh-phrase has to move to a clause initial position for a question to receive a true question reading. I assume the Cartographic approach and propose an account of multiple wh-fronting in Slovenian in which one wh-phrase has to move to an Interrogative Projection (the clause initial position) in the Left Periphery while the remaining wh-phrases move to Wh-Projections in the Left Periphery, questions in (i), or the Low Periphery, questions in (ii). I propose that wh-phrases with a wh-feature undergo wh-movement, which means that wh-movement is in fact obligatory in Slovenian. In questions of type (iii), wh-phrases that do not undergo movement are in fact bare wh-pronouns, which one also finds in polarity contexts, that are licensed by the interpretable Q+wh-feature located in the Interrogative Projection. Because the bare wh-pronouns do not come with a wh-feature, they do not have to move. I conclude that wh-movement in Slovenian only appears to be optional.
Ključne besede: multiple wh-fronting, short movement, optionality, Interrogative Projection, Left Periphery, Low Periphery, bare wh-pronouns, wh-in-situ
Objavljeno: 10.11.2015; Ogledov: 2181; Prenosov: 130
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,43 MB)

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