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Biotransformation of copper oxide nanoparticles by the pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea
Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Darko Makovec, Tamás Papp, Iztok Arčon, Johannes Teun van Elteren, Marjana Regvar, Eva Kovačec, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Two plant pathogenic fungi, Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata, isolated from crop plants, were exposed to Cu in ionic (Cu2þ), microparticulate (MP, CuO) or nanoparticulate (NP, Cu or CuO) form, in solid and liquid culturing media in order to test fungal response and toxic effects of the mentioned compounds for the potential use as fungicides. B. cinerea has shown pronounced growth and lower levels of lipid peroxidation compared to A. alternata. Its higher resistance/tolerance is attributed mainly to biotransformation of CuO and Cu NPs and CuO MPs into a blue compound at the fungal/culturing media interface, recognized by Cu K-edge EXAFS analysis as Cu-oxalate complex. The pronounced activity of catechol-type siderophores and organic acid secretion in B. cinerea induce leaching and mobilization of Cu ions from the particles and their further complexation with extracellularly secreted oxalic acid. The ability of pathogenic fungus to biotransform CuO MPs and NPs hampers their use as fungicides. However the results show that B. cinerea has a potential to be used in degradation of Cu(O) nanoparticles in environment, copper extraction and purification techniques.
Ključne besede: copper, metal oxide nanoparticles, detoxification mechanisms, metal pollution, Cu-oxalate
Objavljeno: 23.08.2017; Ogledov: 0; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,52 MB)

Edge profiles in K shell photoabsorption spectra of gaseous hydrides of 3p elements and homologues
Giuliana Aquilanti, Alojz Kodre, Iztok Arčon, Robert Hauko, Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Photoabsorption spectra of gaseous hydrides of 3p elements (PH3, H2S, HCl) are measured in the energy region of photoexcitations pertaining to K edge. The analysis of the edge profile is extended to hydrides of 4p series (GeH4, AsH3, H2Se, HBr) from an earlier experiment, and to published spectra of 2p hydrides (CH4, NH3, H2O, HF) and noble gases Ar, Kr and Ne and SiH4. The edge profiles are modelled with a linear combination of lorentzian components, describing excitations to individual bound states and to continuum. Transition energies and probabilities are also calculated in the non-relativistic molecular model of the ORCA code, in good agreement with the experiment. Edge profiles in the heavier homologues are closely similar, the symmetry of the molecule governs the transitions to the lowest unoccupied orbitals. In 2p series the effect of the strong nuclear potential prevails. Transitions to higher, atomic-like levels remain very much the same as in free atoms.
Ključne besede: X-ray absorption spectra, gaseous hydrides, 3p K-edge spectra, DFT
Objavljeno: 23.08.2017; Ogledov: 0; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (703,57 KB)

Electrochemical dissolution of iridium and iridium oxide particles in acidic media
Miran Gaberšček, Samo B. Hočevar, Vid Simon Šelih, Martin Šala, Marjan Bele, Milena Zorko, Barbara Jozinović, Iztok Arčon, Francisco Ruiz-Zepeda, Nejc Hodnik, Primož Jovanovič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Iridium based particles as the most promising proton exchange membrane electrolyser electrocatalysts were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and by coupling of electrochemical flow cell (EFC) with online inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Additionally, a thin-film rotating disc electrode (RDE), an identical location transmission and scanning electron microscopy (IL-TEM and IL-SEM) as well as an X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) studies have been performed. Extremely sensitive online time-and potential-resolved electrochemical dissolution profiles revealed that iridium particles dissolved already well below oxygen evolution reaction (OER) potentials, presumably induced by iridium surface oxidation and reduction processes, also referred to as transient dissolution. Overall, thermally prepared rutile type IrO2 particles (T-IrO2) are substantially more stable and less active in comparison to as prepared metallic (A-Ir) and electrochemically pretreated (E-Ir) analogues. Interestingly, under OER relevant conditions E-Ir particles exhibit superior stability and activity owing to the altered corrosion mechanism where the formation of unstable Ir(>IV) species is hindered. Due to the enhanced and lasting OER performance, electrochemically pre-oxidized E-Ir particles may be considered as the electrocatalyst of choice for an improved low temperature electrochemical hydrogen production device, namely a proton exchange membrane electrolyser.
Ključne besede: Iridium Oxide Par-ticles, Electrochemical Dissolution of Iridium, Ir L3-edge XANES
Objavljeno: 23.08.2017; Ogledov: 0; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,43 MB)

Jasmine Fusi, Marta Montillo, Barbara Bolis, Alessandro Rota, Tanja Peric, Maria Cristina Veronesi, 2017, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Similarly to all other species, also in the dog improvements in the knowledge on perinatology are mandatory for a better management of newborns, mainly aimed to reduce the impact of perinatal mortality. However, until recently, the study of canine perinatology was limited mainly because of the invasiveness of many investigation procedures, such as repeated blood sampling. In recent times, the claws/nails were proved to be a useful, non invasive, matrix for long time-frame retrospective hormone concentrations analysis also in babies and puppies [1,2], providing a suitable matrix for perinatal long-term hormonal changes studies. The last intrauterine foetal stage of development and the neonatal period represent the most challenging phases for the mammals offspring. It was demonstrated that the activation of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis leads to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA sulfate (DHEA-S) secretion, the major fetal steroids. Thus, DHEA-S measured at birth in newborns could be considered as a marker of offspring HPA axis activity, under the maternal influence. This study was aimed to assess the DHEA-S concentrations in newborn puppies claws, collected at birth and at 30 days of age, and to evaluate the possible influence of age, gender and type of birth on DHEA-S claws accumulation. The study was performed on 58 large purebred, normal, healthy, viable (Apgar≥7) puppies, 31 males and 27 females, born by vaginal spontaneous (N=22) or caesarean (N=36) parturition. DHEA-S was analysed by RIA. The mean ± SD DHEA-S claws concentration significantly (p<0.01) decreased from birth (210±152.00 pg/mg) to 30 days (91±72.63 pg/mg), evidencing the higher fetal DHEA-S secretion in the last fetal stage of pregnancy in comparison to the first postnatal month of age. According to the type of parturition, higher (p<0.001) DHEA-S claws concentrations were found at birth in puppies born by spontaneous than caesarean parturition (300±167.05 vs 154±112.23 pg/mg, respectively); this finding deserves further investigations. No influence of newborn gender was found. Claws DHEA-S values at birth were a bit higher, but with a lower SD, in comparison to data reported for babies 1-3 weeks old [1]. The trend of decrease is in agreement with data reported for cortisol [2] in dead puppies, and suggests, beside the role of cortisol, the important effects of DHEA-S around the time of birth, also in puppies, as reported for babies [1]. [1] Tegethoff et al. Dehydroepindrosterone in nails of infants: a potential biomarker of intrauterine responses to maternal stress. Biological psychology, 87: 414-420, 2011. [2] Veronesi et al. Coat and claws as new matrices for noninvasive long-term cortisol assessment in dogs from birth up to 30 days of age. Theriogenology, 84: 791-796, 2015.
Ključne besede: DHEA-S, claw, dog
Objavljeno: 22.08.2017; Ogledov: 35; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (4,69 MB)

Der Bruch mit der literarischen Tradition: Weibliche Identitätskonzepte in Zofka Kveders multikulturellem Œuvre
Katja Mihurko Poniž, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article presents the literary opus of the writer Zofka KVEDER (1878-1926). She was active in various cultural environments, such as Trieste, Bern, Prague, and Zagreb, and she published works in Slovenian, German, Czech, and Croatian. What is special about her opus is the clear feminist engagement. The centre of her works is female characters and their search for identity. The writer puts them in the roles of the new women: artists, intellectuals, travellers, and wanderers around Europeans capitals. They are also often depicted in various, unconventional maternal roles. Her protagonists belong to all social classes. In the depictions of the social hardship of proletarians, modern stylistic devices make way for unadorned naturalist depictions of reality. The author’s texts, from the numerous short stories to the novels Njeno življenje [Her Life] and Hanka, are an interesting dialogue with the works of her contemporaries from other national literatures, mainly German, Austrian, Czech and Croatian. They are an important contribution for both modern culture as well as the development of female authorship.
Ključne besede: Zofka Kveder, Mutterbilder, New Woman, Laura Marholm, Misterij žene, Hanka
Objavljeno: 22.08.2017; Ogledov: 27; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (309,00 KB)

Razmerja med spoloma v književnosti in publicistiki Zofke Kveder
Katja Mihurko Poniž, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Ključne besede: Zofka Kveder, revija Slovenka, Misterij žene, Hanka, nova ženska
Objavljeno: 22.08.2017; Ogledov: 26; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,02 MB)

Literarne ustvarjalke v evropskih književnostih
Katja Mihurko Poniž, drugo učno gradivo

Ključne besede: Sapfo, Marie de France, Christine de Pizan, George Sand, Sibila Alleramo
Objavljeno: 22.08.2017; Ogledov: 25; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (23,87 MB)

Andreja Gomboc, radijski ali tv dogodek

Ključne besede: astronomija, vesolje, meteorji
Objavljeno: 21.08.2017; Ogledov: 44; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,29 MB)

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