Prospects for lensed supernovae behind galaxy clusters with the James Webb Space TelescopeTanja Petrushevska
, 2018, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci
Opis: Galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, can act as gravitational lenses and magnify the light of
objects behind them. The effect enables observations of very distant supernovae, that
otherwise would be too faint to be detected by existing telescopes, and allows studies of
the frequency and properties of these rare phenomena when the universe was young.
Under the right circumstances, multiple images of the lensed supernovae can be
observed, and due to the variable nature of the objects, the difference between the arrival
times of the images can be measured. Since the images have taken different paths
through space before reaching us, the time-differences are sensitive to the expansion rate
of the universe. One class of supernovae, Type Ia, are of particular interest to detect. Their
well known brightness can be used to determine the magnification, which can be used to
understand the lensing systems. I will also report our discovery of the first resolved
multiply-imaged gravitationally lensed supernova Type Ia. I will also show the expectations
of search campaigns that can be conducted with future facilities, such as the James Webb
Space Telescope (JWST) or the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST).
Ključne besede: Strong lensing, Hubble constant, measuring expansion history with time delays, lensed supernovae
Objavljeno: 09.07.2018; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 3
Polno besedilo (4,14 MB)
Searching for supernovae in the multiply-imaged galaxies behind the gravitational telescope A370Tanja Petrushevska
, Ariel Goobar
, D. J. Lagattuta
, R. Amanullah
, Laura Hangard
, S. Fabbro
, C. Lindman
, K. Paech
, J. Richard
, J.P. Kneib
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Aims. Strong lensing by massive galaxy clusters can provide magnification of the flux and even multiple images of the galaxies that lie behind them. This phenomenon facilitates observations of high-redshift supernovae (SNe) that would otherwise remain undetected. Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) detections are of particular interest because of their standard brightness, since they can be used to improve either cluster lensing models or cosmological parameter measurements.
Methods. We present a ground-based, near-infrared search for lensed SNe behind the galaxy cluster Abell 370. Our survey was based on 15 epochs of J-band observations with the HAWK-I instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We use Hubble Space Telescope (HST) photometry to infer the global properties of the multiply-imaged galaxies. Using a recently published lensing model of Abell 370, we also present the predicted magnifications and time delays between the images.
Results. In our survey, we did not discover any live SNe from the 13 lensed galaxies with 47 multiple images behind Abell 370. This is consistent with the expectation of 0.09 ± 0.02 SNe calculated based on the measured star formation rate. We compare the expectations of discovering strongly lensed SNe in our survey and that performed with HST during the Hubble Frontier Fields (HFF) programme. We also show the expectations of search campaigns that can be conducted with future facilities, such as the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) or the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST). We show that the NIRCam instrument aboard the JWST will be sensitive to most SN multiple images in the strongly lensed galaxies and thus will be able to measure their time delays if observations are scheduled accordingly.
Ključne besede: gravitational lensing: strong / supernovae: general / galaxies: clusters: individual: A 370
Objavljeno: 28.06.2018; Ogledov: 134; Prenosov: 4
Polno besedilo (4,14 MB)
Nebesa pod Triglavom - samo s sodobnimi Gabrščki, Bevki in PoberajiZoran Božič
, druga izvedena dela
Opis: Razmislek o koreninah slovenske državnosti, o odporu pred prvo svetovno vojno, v času fašizma in med drugo svetovno vojno. Napotek za sodobne voditelje naroda.
Ključne besede: dan državnosti, Solkan, Andrej Gabršček, France Bevk, Vladimir Poberaj, domoljubje, Avstro-Ogrska, Bohinjska železnica, Umirajoči bog Triglav, staroverci, fašizem, druga svetovna vojna, nemško taborišče, narodnoosvobodilna borba
Objavljeno: 26.06.2018; Ogledov: 108; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (206,67 KB)