Relative annihilators in lower BCK-semilatticesHashem Bordbar
, Mohammad Mehdi Zahedi
, Young Bae Jun
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: As a generalization of annihilators, the notion of a relative annihilator is introduced, and their properties are investigated. Conditions for a relative annihilator to be an implicative (resp., positive implicative, commutative) ideal are discussed.
Ključne besede: Lower BCK-semilattice, relative annihilator, implicative ideal, positive implicative ideal, commutative ideal
Objavljeno: 01.12.2019; Ogledov: 5; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (207,08 KB)
Further results on (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic subalgebras and ideals in BCK/BCI-algebrasHashem Bordbar
, Florentin Smarandache
, Young Bae Jun
, G Muhiuddin
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Characterizations of an (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal are considered. Any ideal in a BCK/BCI-algebra will be realized as level neutrosophic ideals of some (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal. The re- lation between (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal and (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic subalgebra in a BCK-algebra is discussed. Conditions for an (∈∈)-neutrosophic subalgebra to be a (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal are provided. Using a collection of ideals in a BCK/BCI-algebra, an (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal is established. Equivalence relations on the family of all (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideals are introduced, and re- lated properties are investigated.
Ključne besede: (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic subalgebra, (∈, ∈)-neutrosophic ideal.
Objavljeno: 01.12.2019; Ogledov: 8; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (6,02 MB)
How to react to the necessity of a sustainable animal production? The EcoLamb project.Petra Makorič
, Ario De Marco
, Martina Bergant
, Tanja Peric
, 2019, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci
Opis: EcoLamb assesses the sustainability of diverse European sheep production systems focusing on the ecological footprint, animal welfare aspects and nutrition value of lamb meat. The outcomes of these assessments will be used to understand the potential future barriers that limit the innovative capacity and development of the sector and the opportunities that may provide a future market niche against competitive products from other global markets. Farm solutions that incorporate consumer expectations for animal welfare and meat quality will enhance the competitiveness of Europe's lamb meat sector. The project engages trans-national research and industry stakeholders from 6 countries made up of Germany, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey to analyse on 20 case study farms resource-efficient, competitive and low-carbon lamb production models. Direct linkage between animal welfare, meat quality and pharmaceutical use will also be determined using innovative Precision Farming techniques. The project will produce a toolbox of recommendations for productive sheep farm management, supply chain and marketing on how to improve the acceptability of lamb meat by consumers. Thus, the multidisciplinary approach and the multi-actor involvement of the EU sheep sector will assist in re-designing critical aspects to increase society acceptance and the place of lamb meat in future diets and the outcomes of the project will be used by stakeholders to promote changes in farm management, marketing and processing of meat from sheep. Additionally, results will be used by farm consultants, farmer groups and policy officers to re-design consulting approaches and plan new initiatives to make all aspects of the European sheep industry more sustainable.
Ključne besede: Sustainability, animal production, lamb, welfare, quality, meat, EcoLamb
Objavljeno: 26.11.2019; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (7,65 MB)
Effects of alfaxalone or propofol on giant-breed dog neonates viability during elective caesarean sectionsMonica Melandri
, Tanja Peric
, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Attention must be paid to C-section anesthesia effects on mother and offspring. Alfaxalone induction results in improved puppy viability when compared to propofol. The present study aims to evaluate effects of alfaxalone or propofol induction for elective C-section on newborns, expressed as Apgar score and fetal fluids cortisol concentration. Anesthesia was induced with alfaxalone 3 mg/kg iv in 5 bitches (group A), and propofol 4 mg/kg iv in another 5 (group P), maintained with isoflurane. Amniotic and allantoic fluids were collected to determine cortisol concentration. Apgar score, litter size, newborn gender, birth-weight, maternal age, and parity were recorded. ANOVA, U Mann-Whitney test and ANCOVA assessed the effects of drugs on the Apgar score and fetal fluids cortisol. Thirty-six puppies were randomly selected for the study: 16 from group A and 20 from group P. Only the Apgar score significantly differed between groups. ANCOVA confirmed a significantly higher Apgar score in group A underlining the influence of fetal fluids cortisol concentrations, both resulting in covariates. Present results confirm the effect of anesthesia on the Apgar score of newborns, which is significantly higher for alfaxalone than propofol, suggesting the use of fetal fluids cortisol as a covariate. These findings could be a starting point for further investigations when less viable puppies are detected or expected, such as during an emergency C-section. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Ključne besede: Alfaxalone, Apgar score, C-section, Canine neonates, Cortisol, Fetal fluids
Objavljeno: 26.11.2019; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (234,45 KB)