Repozitorij Univerze v Novi Gorici

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2009, druga izvedena dela

Ključne besede: physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer science, engineering
Objavljeno: 28.10.2019; Ogledov: 112; Prenosov: 2
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The role of charge transfer at reduced graphene oxide/organic semiconductor interface on the charge transport properties
Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The effect of 1-pyrenesulfonicacid sodium salt (1-PSA), tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) and tetrafluoro- tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ) on charge transport properties of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) is examined by measuring the transfer characteristics of field-effect transistors and co-planar time-of-flight photocurrent technique. Evidence of p-type doping and a reduction of mobility of electrons in RGO upon deposition of these materials is observed. Time-resolved photocurrent measurements show a reduction in elec- tron mobility even at submonolayer coverage of these materials. The variation of transit time with different coverages reveals that electron mobility decreases with increasing the surface coverage of 1-PSA, TCNE and F4- TCNQ to a certain extent, while at higher coverage the electron mobility is slightly recovered. All three molecules show the same trend in charge carrier mobility variation with coverage, but with different magnitude. Among all three molecules, 1-PSA acts as weak electron acceptor compared to TCNE and F4-TCNQ. The additional fluorine moieties in F4-TCNQ provides excellent electron withdrawing capability compared to TCNE. The experimental results are consistent with the density functional theory calculations.
Ključne besede: organic semiconductors, reduced graphene oxide, time-resolved photocurrent measurements, organic thin film transistors
Objavljeno: 28.10.2019; Ogledov: 139; Prenosov: 1
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Journal of mathematical extension
2006, druga izvedena dela

Objavljeno: 28.10.2019; Ogledov: 112; Prenosov: 1
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Arthropod biodiversity associated to European sheep grazed pastures
Tanja Peric, Rocio Rosa García, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: We analysed the biodiversity of foliage arthropods in nine sheep grazed pasturelands in five European countries. During the maximum flowering period in 2018, entomofauna was collected in 4-6 areas within each pasture, performing 6 transects/area and 25 sweeps per transect. Multivariate analyses tested the differences in total arthropod community composition among degrees of intensification, bioregions and types of pastures. A total of 51,474 arthropods from 3 classes, 17 orders and 95 taxonomical groups were recorded. Univariate analyses revealed that total arthropod abundance was higher in extensive than in intensive systems (P<0.01). It also differed between bioregions (higher in Alpine than in Continental, P<0.05) and between types of pastures (higher in mountain than in lowland pastures where animals are supplemented, P<0.05). Total taxa richness was not influenced by any of the three factors. However, multivariate analyses indicated that community composition differed among intensive and extensive systems, bioregions and types of pastures (P<0.001). The greatest differences occurred between Alpine and Mediterranean (P<0.001), and Mediterranean and Continental pastures (P<0.05), as well as between lowland seminatural and improved pastures (P<0.05), and seminatural and mountain pastures (P<0.001). These results reveal the complex and varied communities associated to the diverse sheep systems and valorise the role of the more extensive, mountain and natural pastures for the conservation of biodiversity in sheep grazed areas.
Ključne besede: Arthropods, Biodiversity, Sustainability, Management
Objavljeno: 25.10.2019; Ogledov: 146; Prenosov: 0
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Localization, ligand environment, bioavailability and toxicity of mercury in Boletus spp. and Scutiger pes-caprae mushrooms
Anja Kavčič, Klemen Mikuš, Marta Debeljak, Johannes Teun van Elteren, Iztok Arčon, Alojz Kodre, Peter Kump, Andreas-Germanos Karydas, Alessandro Migliori, Mateusz Czyzycki, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study provides information on mercury (Hg) localization, speciation and ligand environment in edible mushrooms: Boletus edulis, B. aereus and Scutiger pes-caprae collected at non-polluted and Hg polluted sites, by LA-ICP-MS, SR-μ-XRF and Hg L3-edge XANES and EXAFS. Mushrooms (especially young ones) collected at Hg polluted sites can contain more than 100 μg Hg g−1 of dry mass. Imaging of the element distribution shows that Hg accumulates mainly in the spore-forming part (hymenium) of the cap. Removal of hymenium before consumption can eliminate more than 50% of accumulated Hg. Mercury is mainly coordinated to di-thiols (43–82%), followed by di-selenols (13–35%) and tetra-thiols (12–20%). Mercury bioavailability, as determined by feeding the mushrooms to Spanish slugs (known metal bioindicators owing to accumulation of metals in their digestive gland), ranged from 4% (S. pes-caprae) to 30% (B. aereus), and decreased with increasing selenium (Se) levels in the mushrooms. Elevated Hg levels in mushrooms fed to the slugs induced toxic effects, but these effects were counteracted with increasing Se concentrations in the mushrooms, pointing to a protective role of Se against Hg toxicity through HgSe complexation. Nevertheless, consumption of the studied mushroom species from Hg polluted sites should be avoided.
Ključne besede: edible mushrooms, HgSe complex, imaging of elemental distribution, LA-ICP-MS, alpha-XRF, XAS
Objavljeno: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 166; Prenosov: 0
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Literatura na stičišču
ana toroš, druga izvedena dela

Opis: Predstavitev novih učnih gradiv s področja čezmejne didaktike književnosti na slovenskem licejskem polu v Gorici.
Ključne besede: EDUKA2, čezmejna didaktika, Trst, Gorica, Špeter
Objavljeno: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 165; Prenosov: 0
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Literatura na stičišču
Ana Toroš, radijski ali tv dogodek

Ključne besede: EDUKA2, čezmejna didaktika, Gorica, Trst, Špeter
Objavljeno: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 134; Prenosov: 1
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Sodelovanje v oddaji V sredo v središču, Radio Robin, 23. 10. 2019
Željko Oset, 2019, radijski ali tv dogodek

Objavljeno: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 136; Prenosov: 2
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Comparing magnetism in isostructural oxides A[sub](0.8)La[sub](1.2)MnO[sub](4.1)
John E. Greedan, Hanna Dabkowska, Graham King, Christopher Wiebe, Meghan Rutherford, Chad Boyer, Iztok Arčon, Paul A. Dube, Mirela Dragomir, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study presents the strikingly distinct magnetic properties of two isostructural compounds, Ba0.8La1.2MnO4.1 and Sr0.8La1.2MnO4.1 (K2NiF4 type, I4/mmm). Spectroscopic studies have shown that Mn is in a +3.0(1) oxidation state only, in both compounds; therefore, the charge is balanced by accommodating extra oxygen at interstitial sites, as confirmed by neutron powder diffraction. We found that the Ba compound exhibits an exceedingly rare anisotropic spin glass behavior, Tg = 26.4(4) K, with the moment freezing along the c-axis only while the in-plane spin components remain dynamic well below Tg. Experimental results including neutron diffraction, heat capacity, and magnetic (dc and ac) measurements performed on an oriented single crystal support this conclusion. This is a remarkable result, the only other known example of an anisotropic spin glass being Fe2TiO5. The spin glass state in Ba0.8La1.2MnO4.1 is argued to arise due to competing antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic 180° Mn3+−O−Mn3+ superexchange interactions. In contrast, the Sr analogue shows 2D antiferromagnetic correlations and long-range antiferromagnetic order below 95(1) K with a remarkably reduced ordered moment of 1.449(49) μB/Mn3+ instead of the ∼4 μB expected for an S = 2 ion.
Ključne besede: antiferomagnetiki, Mn XANES, struktura
Objavljeno: 23.10.2019; Ogledov: 159; Prenosov: 0
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In-depth structural characterization and magnetic properties ofquaternary ferrite systems Co0.5Zn0.25M0.25Fe2O4(M¼Ni, Cu, Mn, Mg)
Nataša Novak Tušar, Myrjam Mertens, Aurel Pui, Iztok Arčon, Radu-G. Ciocarlan, Elena M. Seftel, Pegie Cool, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper investigates the structural and magnetic properties of a mixed series of ferrites having generalformula Co0.5Zn0.25M0.25Fe2O4(M¼Ni, Cu, Mn, Mg). Insights on surface chemistry, structural andmorphological parameters are presented in order to achieve highly tuned ferrite systems with specificcharacteristics. The site occupancy of the cations in the spinel structure was determined using XAS, XRDand Raman spectroscopy. A 100% occupancy of the tetrahedral sites was observed for the Zn cations forall the samples. Co cations occupied the octahedral sites in proportion of 100% for CoeZneCu, CoeZneMg and around 80% for CoeZneNi, CoeZneMn. Ni cations were found only in the octahedral sites,while Cu 80% in the octahedral sites and Mn 60% in the octahedral sites. The cation distribution resultswere correlated with the magnetic properties data. At the same time, not only the cation distribution, butalso the particles size distribution was observed to have a great influence on magnetic and opticalproperties of the ferrites. Given the importance of the surface chemistry of the nanoparticles, XPS and FT-IR analysis were used to prove the functionalization with groups belonging to the surfactant. Moreover,the peculiar behavior of manganese in spinel structures was clarified and the origin of the multiple states(Mn2þand Mn4þ) was elucidated. Finally, parallels have been drawn between the use of different cationsin mixed ferrites in order to gain specific properties.
Ključne besede: FerritesMagnetic propertiesSpinel nanoparticlesX-ray absorption spectroscopyCo-precipitation
Objavljeno: 23.10.2019; Ogledov: 115; Prenosov: 0
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