THE SIEGE AND URBICIDE OF LENINGRAD AND SARAJEVO: THE TESTIMONIES FROM LIDIYA GINZBURG AND DŽEVAD KARAHASANGiustina Selvelli
, 2017, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci
Opis: In this paper, I will present a comparison between the experience of the siege of Leningrad and the one of Sarajevo through the analysis of the works of two writers: Lidiya Ginzburg's “Zapiski blokadnogo cheloveka” and Dževad Karahasan's “Dnevnik Selidbe”.
My contribution will focus in particular on the topic of the relationship between citizens and their city, viewed as an attempt to overcome the opposition between individualism and commonality and the manifestation of the collective resistence to practices of “urbicide”.
The latter will be treated as an issue of crucial importance in understanding the symbolic dimension of city's destructions. In their works, both of the authors depict with accuracy the agony of the isolated city, trying to find out what remains of the human being and their environment after complete destruction and disillusion. Through the analysis of these works on the siege we can identify the traces of a humanity that does not surrender,
continuing to carry on essential cultural and social values notwithstanding the extreme war circumstances. From this point of view, the siege reveals itself as an incommensurable experience allowing both of the authors to reflect on the fundamental principle of “staying human”.
Ključne besede: Siege of Leningrad, Siege of Sarajevo, Dževad Karahasan, Lidiya Ginzburg, Urbicide, Dnevnik Selidbe, Zapiski Blokadnogo Cheloveka
Objavljeno: 22.06.2020; Ogledov: 73; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (431,99 KB)
L’IMPATTO DELLE IDEOLOGIE SOVIETICHE DI LATINIZZAZIONE NEI DIBATTITI BULGARI DEL PERIODO INTERBELLICOGiustina Selvelli
, 2018, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji
Opis: In questo articolo, tratto brevemente il tema legato al dibattito sull'opportunità di adottare un alfabeto su base latina per la lingua bulgara, emerso durante il periodo tra le due guerre
in relazione alle nuove politiche linguistiche e alfabetiche dell'Unione Sovietica. A tal fine, analizzo
il contesto post-imperiale alla fine della prima guerra mondiale, con riferimento alle ideologie di alfabetizzazione sono diffuse nella più ampia area eurasiatica ed esaminano le posizioni di intellettuali ed esperti apparse nel sondaggio condotto dalla rivista Bălgarska Kniga nel 1930. Questa indagine mostra che la latinizzazione fu vista in modo ambivalente dai bulgari, rappresentando per alcuni un mezzo di modernizzazione, mentre per altri un rischio di perdita della millenaria tradizione di scrittura del paese.
Ključne besede: Alfabeto latino, Alfabeto cirillico, Latinizzazione sovietica, Alfabeto bulgaro, Sistema di scrittura universale
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 5
Polno besedilo (346,31 KB)
THE CLASH BETWEEN LATIN AND ARABIC ALPHABETS AMONG THE TURKISH COMMUNITY IN BULGARIA IN THE INTERWAR PERIODGiustina Selvelli
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In this article, I will address the topic of the Turkish minority in Bulgaria in the interwar period through the interpretive lens of the “linguistic” or better “alphabetic” rights, 1 placed in the context of the “Latinization” processes taking place in the wide Eurasian space, as well of the post-imperial sociopolitical dynamics. To this aim, I describe the interesting and little known case of the writing practices of the Turkish community in Bulgaria in the period between the two world wars. In particular, I take into account the repercussions of Atatürk’s alphabetical
reform in Bulgaria, demonstrating how the adoption of the Latin alphabet in Turkey represented a significant challenge for the country, triggering the fears of both the Bulgarian authorities and of the more conservative factions of the local Turkish
community. In this context, I analyze the attitudes towards the Arabic and the Latin alphabet employed to write the Turkish language in the Balkan country, illustrating the reasons for the prohibition of the Turkish Latin alphabet, in an unprecedented
combination of interests between Bulgarian authorities and Islamic religious leaders.
I will try to show how in that specific historical moment, writing systems, far from being “neutral” communication elements, lent themselves to various manipulations of an ideological and political nature.
Ključne besede: Turkish Latin Alphabet, Turks of Bulgaria, Turkish Literacy in Bulgaria, Turkish Newspapers in Bulgaria, Arabic Alphabet
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 90; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (796,07 KB)
THE ROLE OF THE NEWSPAPER PAREKORDZAGANI TZAIN AND ITS RELATED INSTITUTIONS IN THE PRESERVATION OF LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY IN THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY OF PLOVDIVGiustina Selvelli
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper describes the linguistic and identitary challenges faced by the members of the Armenian diaspora of Plovdiv, Bulgaria, in relation to what can be viewed as an irreducible multicultural context. Through the consideration of the community’s main cultural
institutions embodied by the AGBU organization, the related press organ Parekordzagani Tzain and publishing house Armen Tur, I highlight the Armenian diaspora’s ability of combining different resources from a transnational perspective, while keeping alive a fixed sense of collective identity. In such process, I show how language reveals itself as the main chore of the community’s value systems, embracing different domains of the diaspora social
and cultural life.
Ključne besede: Armenian diaspora, Multilingualism in Bulgaria, Armenians
in Plovdiv, Armenian institutions, Bulgarian Armenians.
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 86; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (319,45 KB)
PRESERVING THE POSTMEMORY OF THE GENOCIDE: THE ARMENIAN DIASPORA’S INSTITUTIONS IN PLOVDIVGiustina Selvelli
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper intends to shed light on the memory of the Armenian Genocide among the Armenian diaspora in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. I will focus on the patterns of promoting remembrance found in the
local Armenian press and literature, on initiatives of the Armenian General Benevolent Union/Parekordzagan (AGBU) to celebrate the ninetieth and hundredth anniversaries of the Genocide, and on
analyzing the cityscape of Plovdiv in terms of the monuments, the museum, and the cemetery of its Armenian community. To that end, I will employ information collected during interviews, articles
from Plovdiv’s main Armenian newspaper, and data I gathered while visiting the community’s public spaces. I will demonstrate the importance of collective memory and remembrance of the Genocide
to the preservation of the internal cohesion of the Armenian community of Plovdiv and its ethnic identity. Taking a socio-anthropological approach, I will argue that the maintenance and promotion of a specific “postmemory” of the Genocide depends heavily on the activities and initiatives of the main diaspora organization, the AGBU, on its selection of specific symbols, and on the emotional content of its communications.
Ključne besede: Armenian Genocide, Bulgaria, collective memory, commemorative practices, diaspora
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 86; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (339,86 KB)
OD PREPUSTNIH MEJA V REGIJI ALPE-JADRAN DO VIZIJE VEČPLASTNE EVROPEGiustina Selvelli
, 2020, polemika, diskusijski prispevek, komentar
Opis: Sto let po koncu prve svetovne vojne in po tem, ko so bile večplastne identitete, večjezičnost in kulturna hibridnost s trdo roko izkoreninjene s tega območja, si še nismo prišli povsem na jasno o nacionalnih ambicijah in etičnih omejitvah naše „jedrske“ družbe ter z njimi povezani potrebi po kritičnem vrednotenju naše vojskovanja polne zgodovine, ki nam je danes še ni uspelo pozabiti.
Ključne besede: Alpe-Jadran Mirovni Manifest, Meja Gorice/Nove Gorice, Večjezičnost, Kulturna Raznolikost
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 116; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (432,85 KB)
REFLECTIONS OF A VANISHED TIMEGiustina Selvelli
, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In this paper, I focus on the role played by material objects in the evocation of a specific imaginary of the recent past (mainly the 1970s and 1980s) in the literary works of Bulgarian writer Georgi Gospodinov (in the novels “The Physics of Sorrow” and “Natural Novel”) and of Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk (in “The Museum of Innocence”). I analyze the presence of feelings of melancholy and loss accompanied by a fixation on objects in the
fictional works and describe their possible overcoming through an externalization in the form of museum exhibitions in the city of Sofia and Istanbul such as the “Inventory depository of
Socialism” and the “Museum of Innocence”. By viewing objects as actors capable of creating meaningful social networks, I consider their use in the narration of personal and collective histories and their transformation as powerful symbols of a bygone era.
Ključne besede: melancholy, objects, socialism, Georgi Gospodinov, Istanbul, Orhan Pamuk, Physics of Sorrow, The Museum of Innocence
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 113; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (341,59 KB)
Search for magnetically-induced signatures in the arrival directions of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays measured at the Pierre Auger ObservatoryLukas Zehrer
, Marko Zavrtanik
, Danilo Zavrtanik
, Serguei Vorobiov
, Marta Trini
, Samo Stanič
, Gašper Kukec Mezek
, Andrej Filipčič
, A. Aab
, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek
Ključne besede: ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECR), Pierre Auger Observatory, UHECR arrival directions, galactic magnetic field, UHECR event multiplets
Objavljeno: 19.06.2020; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (1,93 MB)
Implementation of high performance liquid chromatography coupled to thermal lens spectrometry (HPLC‑TLS) for quantification of pyranoanthocyanins during fermentation of Pinot Noir grapesLorena Butinar
, Jelena Topič Božič
, Natka Ćurko
, Karin Kovačević Ganić
, Branka Mozetič Vodopivec
, Dorota Korte
, Mladen Franko
, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In this work high performance liquid chromatography coupled to thermal lens spectrometry (HPLC-TLS) was applied for monitoring of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins formation during the fermentation of Pinot Noir wines. Vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins are wine pigments, present in low concentrations, but very important for wine colour stability.
Fermentation process was conducted with four different yeast strains, used as starters, either in sequential fermentation of non-Saccharomyces with S. cerevisiae yeast or as single fermentation with S. cerevisiae yeasts in order to test the applicability of developed method for monitoring of selected compounds in real wine fermentation experiments. The
developed HPLC-TLS method showed higher sensitivity compared to HPLC coupled to diode array detection (DAD) technique for particular wine colour compounds. Obtained limits of detection (LODs), were 6- and 22-times lower in comparison to HPLC–DAD in gradient and isocratic elution mode, respectively, whereas limits of quantification (LOQs)
5 and 18-times lower. Lower LODs enabled earlier observation of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins formation during fermentation (already at day 7) in the case of HPLC-TLS method in gradient mode, while by using HPLC–DAD in gradient elution mode the formation of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins was noticed only after 12 days of fermentation.
Ključne besede: Thermal lens spectrometry (TLS), High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Pyranoanthocyanins, Wine, Yeasts
Objavljeno: 18.06.2020; Ogledov: 109; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (1,94 MB)
Bora wind effects on common structures in the Vipava valleyMarija Bervida
, doktorska disertacija
Opis: Strong and gusty north-east wind called Bora is common in south-west regions of Slovenia, as well as along the Adriatic coast. Its intermittent behavior, related to variable strength, frequency and duration, has brought out scientific curiosity for decades. Bora affects human life and causes problems for structures built in Bora affected areas. In Slovenia, Bora is the strongest in the Vipava valley. The motivation for this research is the need to evaluate Bora wind effects on structures, commonly found in the Vipava valley region, using a high resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling approach. To date, there are several experimental and computational constraints for accurate representation of Bora in a CFD model, therefore, the main aim of this dissertation is to build foundations for Bora wind simulations using CFD and its method of finite
volumes. The dissertation incorporates the analysis of experimental measurements of Bora wind, as well as numerical modeling studies.
Vertical mean wind speed profile characteristics of Bora were analyzed based on experimental measurements at Razdrto just above the Vipava valley. The obtained results contributed to the choice of Bora mean wind profiles applied at the inflow of computational models. Guidelines regarding the choice of the associated wind profile parameters were given and a new relationship between these parameters was found. As orographic barriers to the north of the Vipava valley
are known to give rise to Bora and to define the specific properties of the Bora flow, numerical modeling studies were in the first place focused on the implementation of the real-scale complex terrain into a CFD model. Simulation of wind flow over orographic barrier in Vipava valley was performed using Raynolds averaged Navier-Stokes approach, providing a first estimation of the flow field over a small hill of
As resolving the turbulence characteristics of Bora is very important for the estimation of wind loads on structures, modeling studies converged towards a more appropriate approach - Large eddy simulations (LES). A crucial step in setting up an accurate LES is the generation of appropriate inflow, which was investigated for the case of atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) flow. The synthetic method PRFG^3 for the generation of unsteady inflow was tested and adapted as a source of an ABL flow with desired turbulence flow properties. Based on its performance, in particular on adequate reproduction of target turbulence intensities and length scales, it was found that PRFG^3 method may be used to generate velocity inflow with desired turbulence properties in LES. Finally, simulations of wind flow coming from Bora direction over the Vipava valley were performed with the aim to depict the effects of underlying orography on the flow within and above the valley. Modeling results were found to be comparable with the results of lidar based remote sensing of vertical atmospheric structures within and above the valley.
Ključne besede: Vipava valley, Bora wind, Wind profile, Orography, Atmospheric boundary layer, Computational fluid dynamics, Numerical simulations
Objavljeno: 17.06.2020; Ogledov: 129; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (35,12 MB)