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Biotransformation of copper oxide nanoparticles by the pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea
Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Darko Makovec, Tamás Papp, Iztok Arčon, Johannes Teun van Elteren, Marjana Regvar, Eva Kovačec, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Two plant pathogenic fungi, Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata, isolated from crop plants, were exposed to Cu in ionic (Cu2þ), microparticulate (MP, CuO) or nanoparticulate (NP, Cu or CuO) form, in solid and liquid culturing media in order to test fungal response and toxic effects of the mentioned compounds for the potential use as fungicides. B. cinerea has shown pronounced growth and lower levels of lipid peroxidation compared to A. alternata. Its higher resistance/tolerance is attributed mainly to biotransformation of CuO and Cu NPs and CuO MPs into a blue compound at the fungal/culturing media interface, recognized by Cu K-edge EXAFS analysis as Cu-oxalate complex. The pronounced activity of catechol-type siderophores and organic acid secretion in B. cinerea induce leaching and mobilization of Cu ions from the particles and their further complexation with extracellularly secreted oxalic acid. The ability of pathogenic fungus to biotransform CuO MPs and NPs hampers their use as fungicides. However the results show that B. cinerea has a potential to be used in degradation of Cu(O) nanoparticles in environment, copper extraction and purification techniques.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: copper, metal oxide nanoparticles, detoxification mechanisms, metal pollution, Cu-oxalate
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 2319; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,52 MB)

Electrochemical dissolution of iridium and iridium oxide particles in acidic media
Miran Gaberšček, Samo B. Hočevar, Vid Simon Šelih, Martin Šala, Marjan Bele, Milena Zorko, Barbara Jozinović, Iztok Arčon, Francisco Ruiz-Zepeda, Nejc Hodnik, Primož Jovanovič, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Iridium based particles as the most promising proton exchange membrane electrolyser electrocatalysts were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and by coupling of electrochemical flow cell (EFC) with online inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Additionally, a thin-film rotating disc electrode (RDE), an identical location transmission and scanning electron microscopy (IL-TEM and IL-SEM) as well as an X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) studies have been performed. Extremely sensitive online time-and potential-resolved electrochemical dissolution profiles revealed that iridium particles dissolved already well below oxygen evolution reaction (OER) potentials, presumably induced by iridium surface oxidation and reduction processes, also referred to as transient dissolution. Overall, thermally prepared rutile type IrO2 particles (T-IrO2) are substantially more stable and less active in comparison to as prepared metallic (A-Ir) and electrochemically pretreated (E-Ir) analogues. Interestingly, under OER relevant conditions E-Ir particles exhibit superior stability and activity owing to the altered corrosion mechanism where the formation of unstable Ir(>IV) species is hindered. Due to the enhanced and lasting OER performance, electrochemically pre-oxidized E-Ir particles may be considered as the electrocatalyst of choice for an improved low temperature electrochemical hydrogen production device, namely a proton exchange membrane electrolyser.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Iridium Oxide Par-ticles, Electrochemical Dissolution of Iridium, Ir L3-edge XANES
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 1982; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,43 MB)

Correlations between photocatalytic activity and Cu structure in Cu-modified TiO2-SiO2
T. Čižmar, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: Titanium dioxide, Cu-modified, TiO2-SiO2, photocatalysts, photocatalytic activity, Cu K-edge XANES, EXAFS
Published: 26.06.2017; Views: 2372; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (641,42 KB)

Chemical structure in Cu-modified TiO2-SiO2 nanocomposites calcined at 500 °C for 1 h in air
T. Čižmar, Iztok Arčon, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, 2017, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: Cu-modified TiO2-SiO2 photocatalysts, titanium dioxide, metal doping, Cu K-edge XANES, EXAFS, photocatalytic activity
Published: 22.08.2017; Views: 12093; Downloads: 0
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Edge profiles in K shell photoabsorption spectra of gaseous hydrides of 3p elements and homologues
Giuliana Aquilanti, Alojz Kodre, Iztok Arčon, Robert Hauko, Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, original scientific article

Abstract: Photoabsorption spectra of gaseous hydrides of 3p elements (PH3, H2S, HCl) are measured in the energy region of photoexcitations pertaining to K edge. The analysis of the edge profile is extended to hydrides of 4p series (GeH4, AsH3, H2Se, HBr) from an earlier experiment, and to published spectra of 2p hydrides (CH4, NH3, H2O, HF) and noble gases Ar, Kr and Ne and SiH4. The edge profiles are modelled with a linear combination of lorentzian components, describing excitations to individual bound states and to continuum. Transition energies and probabilities are also calculated in the non-relativistic molecular model of the ORCA code, in good agreement with the experiment. Edge profiles in the heavier homologues are closely similar, the symmetry of the molecule governs the transitions to the lowest unoccupied orbitals. In 2p series the effect of the strong nuclear potential prevails. Transitions to higher, atomic-like levels remain very much the same as in free atoms.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: X-ray absorption spectra, gaseous hydrides, 3p K-edge spectra, DFT
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 1898; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (703,57 KB)

Role of Surface Cu-O-Zr Sites in the Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Nanoscale Particles
Nataša Novak Tušar, Iztok Arčon, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, Olena Pliekhova, 2016, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: Photocatalysis, Titanium dioxide, Copper, Zirconia, co-doping, EXAFS, XANES
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 2566; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (426,28 KB)

Structural analysis of sunlight efficient Cu and Zr modified TiO2 photocatalyst
Olena Pliekhova, Iztok Arčon, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, 2017, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: TiO2, photocatalysis, EXAFS, surface modification
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 2333; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (577,74 KB)

Contribution of Cu and Zr to the Properties of TiO2 for Photocatalytic Water Treatment
Olena Pliekhova, Iztok Arčon, Nataša Novak Tušar, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, 2017, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: Photocatalysis, water treatment, surface modification, durability
Published: 23.08.2017; Views: 2436; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (509,62 KB)

A Mechanistic Study of Magnesium Sulfur Batteries
Ana Robba, Alen Vižintin, Jan Bitenc, Gregor Mali, Iztok Arčon, Matjaž Kavčič, Matjaž Žitnik, Klemen Bučar, Giuliana Aquilanti, Charlotte Martineau-Corcos, Anna Randon-Vitanova, Robert Dominko, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Magnesium sulfur batteries are considered as attractive energy storage devices due to the abundance of electrochemically active materials and high theoretical energy density. Here we report the mechanism of a Mg-S battery operation, which was studied in the presence of simple and commercially available salts dissolved in a mixture of glymes. The electrolyte offers high sulfur conversion into MgS in the first discharge with low polarization. The electrochemical conversion of sulfur with magnesium proceeds through two well-defined plateaus, which correspond to the equilibrium between sulfur and polysulfides (high-voltage plateau) and polysulfides and MgS (low-voltage plateau). As shown by XANES, RIXS and NMR studies, the end discharge phase involves MgS with Mg atoms in a tetrahedral environment resembling the wurtzite structure, while chemically synthesized MgS crystalizes in the rock-salt structure with octahedral coordination of magnesium.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: magnesium, sulfur, rechargeable batteries, XAS, NMR
Published: 19.10.2017; Views: 2334; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,48 MB)

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