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31.
Exploration of biocontrol yeasts as alternative biofungicide in viticulture
Adesida Rowland, Melita Sternad Lemut, Lorena Butinar, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: yeast, biofungicide, viticulture, Pinot Noir
Objavljeno: 22.01.2020; Ogledov: 1582; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (381,68 KB)

32.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal funghi in the case of water management of the fungus resistant varieties
Aysel Salimova, Jan Reščič, Paolo Sivilotti, Lorena Butinar, 2019, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: funghi, resistence, viticulture
Objavljeno: 22.01.2020; Ogledov: 1355; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (379,87 KB)

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Facilitating green care improvements in viticulture
Paolo Sivilotti, Tjaša Jug, Urban Česnik, Adesida Rowland, Melita Sternad Lemut, Lorena Butinar, Urška Vrhovšek, 2019, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The growing demand of consumers for environment-friendly and safe food products already forced many winemakers to restrict the application of synthetic fungicides to earlier season, trying to reduce the risk of residues being detected in wines. Main risk for infection by B. cinerea, however, occurs later in the season. To support an improvement in whole-season B. cinerea green care, the potential of yeasts as biocontrol agent (PBA) was studied. Selected yeasts were tested for their antifungal activities. Furthermore, a field experiment in Pinot noir and Pinot gris vineyards was designed to study different combinations of optimized canopy microclimate manipulation (CMM) techniques and PBA application. In experimental conditions, PBA's ability to maintain appropriate population density for disease prevention was observed. Grape and wine quality parameters were evaluated. Analytical approach of metabolomics was applied to upgrade the understanding of potentially induced changes in plant metabolism. Based on yeasts testing results, biocontrol yeast P. guilliermondii ZIM 624 was selected and after its field application, we were able to detect its suitable density on grapes until harvest. In case of early defoliation for both varieties smaller grape compactness was confirmed together with lower yield. Among grape basic quality parameters, optimized techniques showed positive effect on sugar content, but unexpectedly, in the treatments with biocontrol yeasts the trends toward higher acidity were noticed in Pinot gris. CMM and PBA introduction indicated some effects on grapevine biosynthetic behaviour but the differences in content of these metabolites compared to control were poorly detected in final wines with exception of mainly some flavonols, stilbenes and flavan-3-ols (and consequently total phenolic content).
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: sustainable viticulture, Botrytis cinerea, yeasts, biocontrol, canopy microclimate manipulation, metabolomics, grapevine metabolites
Objavljeno: 28.02.2020; Ogledov: 1616; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (7,85 MB)

38.
Implementation of high performance liquid chromatography coupled to thermal lens spectrometry (HPLC‑TLS) for quantification of pyranoanthocyanins during fermentation of Pinot Noir grapes
Lorena Butinar, Jelena Topič Božič, Natka Ćurko, Karin Kovačević Ganić, Branka Mozetič Vodopivec, Dorota Korte, Mladen Franko, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this work high performance liquid chromatography coupled to thermal lens spectrometry (HPLC-TLS) was applied for monitoring of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins formation during the fermentation of Pinot Noir wines. Vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins are wine pigments, present in low concentrations, but very important for wine colour stability. Fermentation process was conducted with four different yeast strains, used as starters, either in sequential fermentation of non-Saccharomyces with S. cerevisiae yeast or as single fermentation with S. cerevisiae yeasts in order to test the applicability of developed method for monitoring of selected compounds in real wine fermentation experiments. The developed HPLC-TLS method showed higher sensitivity compared to HPLC coupled to diode array detection (DAD) technique for particular wine colour compounds. Obtained limits of detection (LODs), were 6- and 22-times lower in comparison to HPLC–DAD in gradient and isocratic elution mode, respectively, whereas limits of quantification (LOQs) 5 and 18-times lower. Lower LODs enabled earlier observation of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins formation during fermentation (already at day 7) in the case of HPLC-TLS method in gradient mode, while by using HPLC–DAD in gradient elution mode the formation of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanins was noticed only after 12 days of fermentation.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Thermal lens spectrometry (TLS), High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Pyranoanthocyanins, Wine, Yeasts
Objavljeno: 18.06.2020; Ogledov: 1420; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,94 MB)

39.
Determination of biogenic amine-forming potential of naturally occuring lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from the grapes of Vitis vinifera cv. Refošk grape variety
Dorota Korte, Branka Mozetič Vodopivec, Lorena Butinar, Martina Bergant Marušič, Jelena Topić, 2020, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Biogenic amines are naturally occurring compounds that have been reported in variety of food, such as fish, meat, cheese, vegetables, and wines. When biogenic amines are formed by microorganisms such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) they may have adverse effect on human health. The most common biogenic amines found in foodstuff are histamine, tyramine, putrescine and cadaverine. LAB are used as starters in the production of several foods and beverages. In wines they are used in malolactic fermentation, where the conversion of malic acid to lactic acid occurs. The aim of this work was to determine biogenic amine-forming capacity of indigenous LAB strains isolated from grapes which were PCR positive and screening medium positive for biogenic amines. Three methods for the confirmation of LAB biogenic amine-forming potential were developed and compared: HPLC-DAD and TLC methods both using derivatization agent dansyl chloride and enzymatic method using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and diamine oxidase (DAO) enzymes. The applicability of methods was tested on the three known biogenic amine-producing LAB strains: 0006, 9809, 9906 (IOEB, France). The limit of detection (LOD) of the methods was <1 mg/L for HPLC-DAD, 5 mg/L for TLC and 25 mg/L for enzymatic method. Although the LODs between the proposed methods differed, all of the three methods confirmed BA-forming potential of the three strains. Furthermore, the proposed methods were applied for the analysis of three indigenous strains: MKBT-282 (BA+), MKBT-307 (BA-) and MKBT-325 (BA+). The positive or negative BA-forming potential was confirmed with all of the three proposed methods.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: lactic acid bacteria, biogenic amines, histamine, grape
Objavljeno: 10.07.2020; Ogledov: 1264; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (225,99 KB)

40.
e-Klet
Branka Mozetič Vodopivec, Erika Jež, Lorena Butinar, Marko Lesica, Melita Sternad Lemut, Guillaume Antalick, 2020, drugo učno gradivo

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: interaktivno učno gradivo, pridelava vina, posamezne faze pridelave, sveže belo vino
Objavljeno: 23.02.2021; Ogledov: 711; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,68 MB)

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