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The effect of bilingualism on the processing of scalar implicatures
Anne Reboul, Arthur Stepanov, Jacques Jayez, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Viviane Déprez, Anne Cheylus, Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Scalar implicatures have been extensively investigated in the experimental literature, but almost exclusively in monolingual speakers. Very little research has been conducted on the pragmatic abilities of multilingual populations, including early bilinguals to L2 learners, a gap the current study aims to remedy.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: L2 learning and early bilingualism, comprehension of scalar implicatures
Objavljeno: 22.04.2016; Ogledov: 1245; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (227,83 KB)

L’impact de l’apprentissage d’une langue seconde sur les capacités pragmatiques : le cas des implicatures scalaires
Arthur Stepanov, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Jacques Jayez, Anne Cheylus, Sara Andreetta, Penka Stateva, Ludivine Dupuy, Anne Reboul, 2017, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: There is a vast amount of studies on some forms of implicit communication such as scalar implicatures by monolingual speakers, but few studies have been carried out on the pragmatic capacities of second language learners. The only available data have been collected in Slabakova (2010). This study has shown that L2 learners are more pragmatic than L1 speakers by interpreting a scalar term in their L2. However the replicability of the results has been called into question because of methodological issues and conclusions ignoring empirical data on cognitive processing of scalar implicatures. We therefore used the same experimental material as Slabakova (2010) but improved the methodology and asked two groups of L2 French learners to make a sentence verification task. After a short context, they had to judge an underinformative sentence based on the scalar terms , (). The L2 learners have been tested in their two languages and compared to a sample of French monolinguals. The results of Slabakova (2010) have been replicated since the L2 learners make more inferences in French as monolinguals do. Our results also show that the L2 learners more often derive implicatures in their L1 than monolinguals in the same L1. This suggests that learning a second language has an impact on the way to communicate not only in the L2 but also in the L1.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: pragmatic abilities, scalar implicatures, L2 bilingualism
Objavljeno: 07.12.2017; Ogledov: 301; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Polno besedilo (806,33 KB)

Children's early bilingualism and musical training influence prosodic discrimination of sentences in an unknown language
Artur Stepanov, Matic Pavlič, Penka Stateva, Anne Reboul, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study investigated whether early bilingualism and early musical training positively influence the ability to discriminate between prosodic patterns corresponding to different syntactic structures in otherwise phonetically identical sentences in an unknown language. In a same-different discrimination task, participants (N = 108) divided into four groups (monolingual non-musicians, monolingual musicians, bilingual non-musicians, and bilingual musicians) listened to pairs of short sentences in a language unknown to them (French). In discriminating phonetically identical but prosodically different sentences, musicians, bilinguals, and bilingual musicians outperformed the controls. However, there was no interaction between bilingualism and musical training to suggest an additive effect. These results underscore the significant role of both types of experience in enhancing the listeners' sensitivity to prosodic information.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: prosody, bilingualism, same-different task, French, musical training, acoustics, brain
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 248; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (271,66 KB)

Pragmatic abilities in bilinguals
Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, Anne Cheylus, Viviane Déprez, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Jacques Jayez, Arthur Stepanov, Anne Reboul, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The experimental literature on the pragmatic abilities of bilinguals is rather sparse. The only study investigating adult second language (L2) learners ( Slabakova, 2010 ) found an increase of pragmatic responses in that population relative to monolinguals. The results of studies on early bilingual children are unclear, some finding a significant increase in pragmatic responses in early bilingual children (preschoolers) relative to monolinguals ( Siegal et al., 2007 ), while another ( Antoniou and Katsos, 2017 ), testing school children, does not. We tested adult French L2 learners of English and Spanish (in their two languages) as well as French monolingual controls in Experiment 1 and Italian-Slovenian early bilingual children (in both languages) and Slovenian monolingual controls in Experiment 2. Our results were similar to those of Antoniou and Katsos (2017) in early bilingual children, but different from those of Siegal et al. (2007) . We found no pragmatic bias in adult L2 leaners relative to adult monolinguals.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: quantifier, scalar implicature, L2 learner, bilingualism
Objavljeno: 17.01.2018; Ogledov: 217; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,10 MB)

Imajo večjezični in glasbeniki boljša ušesa?
2018, intervju

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: večjezičnost, glasbena izobrazba, učenje tujih jezikov
Objavljeno: 07.06.2018; Ogledov: 125; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,42 MB)
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