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1.
Feature assignment errors in the Bulgarian quantified noun phrase
Julie Franck, Penka Stateva, Arthur Stepanov, Danil Khristov, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Subject-verb agreement attraction errors occur in sentence production and comprehension when there is an intervening noun (called attractor) whose number feature does not match that of the subject (Bock and Miller 1991). In this case the verb agrees incorrectly with the intervening noun instead of the subject. These agreement attraction errors were shown to be sensitive to syntactic structure (Vigliocco & Nicol 1998). Franck, Lassi, Frauenfelder & Rizzi (2006) showed that linear precedence had a smaller effect on agreement attraction errors compared to cases where this precedence was combined with the effect of c-command. The question that we investigated is to what extent the process of feature assignment may also be subject to attraction errors similarly to agreement. Both agreement and feature assignment involve features of one syntactic head being dependent on another syntactic head. Whereas agreement is a two-way process of feature matching where the same features appear on both heads (e.g., in subject-verb agreement a subject and verb share the same person and number features), feature assignment is a one-way process where one head assigns the features to the other (e.g., a transitive verb assigns accusative case to its direct object with the case features being present only on the latter). Bulgarian cardinal numerals require a special morphological count form when the noun to which they refer is masculine and non-human, e.g. tri kon-ʲa /three horse-count/'three horses' vs. (tezi) kon-e/horses. Adjectives modifying the noun are always in a plural form regardless of whether the modified noun is in a count or plural form, cf. tri dobr-i kon-ʲa /three good-pl. horse-count. Bulgarian speakers are noted to make production errors sometimes substituting the count form with plural, cf. #tri dobr-i kon-e in spontaneous speech. We performed three production experiments looking at the effect of syntactic structure and linear distance in predicting attraction errors in the Bulgarian quantified noun phrase (QP). In Experiment 1 we asked whether linear distance between a numeral and a final masculine non-human noun affects the possibility to produce a plural error on the target noun, similarly to the case of subject-verb agreement errors (cf. Vigliocco & Nicol 1998). The target noun phrase consisted of a numeral and an adjectival phrase with a plural adjective and a final target masculine non-human noun. Three conditions manipulated the adjectival phrase with a progressively more complex structure that intervened between the numeral and the noun: (1) tri 1. obiʧani / 2. obiʧani ot ʒenata / 3. obiʧani ot mnogo dobrata ʒena [konʲ-?] three loved-pl. loved-pl. by the-woman loved-pl. by very kind woman horse-? ‘three loved horses / three horses loved by the woman / three horses loved by the very kind woman’ The number of plural forms was kept constant (=1) across conditions. Under the Linear Distance Hypothesis we expected more errors in Condition 2 relative to Condition 1 and more errors in the Condition 3 relative to the other two conditions. Participants: 21 native Bulgarian speakers (18 females; mean age 47.76, SD= 9.63), of whom 15 had no previous linguistic background, participated in the experiment. Procedure: participants listened to a sentence preamble in which the subject QP had the sentence-final position (viz. Locative phrase-main verb-subject QP). Within the QP, the target noun was omitted. Instead, a lemma (the noun in singular form) was provided on the computer screen. Participants had to complete the QP by typing in the target noun form for the sentence they heard. Results and discussion: A chi-square test showed a significant difference across conditions χ2(2)=10.678, p=0.0048. A post hoc analysis revealed a significant difference between the number of count and plural forms in the Condition 1 vs the Condition 3 condition. There was also a marginal difference between the number of plural and count forms in Condition 2 vs Condition 3. In general, the increase of linear distance resulted in a higher number of plural form errors. In Experiment 2 we asked whether structural distance between a numeral and a final masculine non-human noun affects the possibility to produce a plural error on the target noun, similarly to the case of subject-verb agreement errors (cf. Vigliocco & Nicol 1998). The target noun phrase consisted of a numeral, one or two adjectival phrases with a plural adjective and a final target masculine non-human noun. There were two conditions in the experiment. Two conditions manipulated a target adjective which was placed in a different syntactic position. In Condition 1 there was only one adjectival phrase (AP) with a modifier that contained a noun modified by a target adjective. In Condition 2 there were two separate adjectival phrases (AP) between the noun and the numeral, the first one having a modifier that contained a noun, whereas the second adjectival was the target adjective. (2) tri oboʒavani ot 1. malkite posetiteli / 2. posetitelite malki [lebed-?] three. adored-pl. by the-little-pl. visitors-pl. the-visitors-pl. little swan-? 'three swans adored by the little visitors / three little swans adored by the visitors' The number of plural forms and the linear distance were constant across conditions. Under the Structural Distance Hypothesis we expected more errors in Condition 2 relative to Condition 1 due to the higher number of intervening c-commanding adjectival nodes. Participants: 27 participants (23 females; mean age 46.48, SD=11.1), of whom 16 had no linguistic background, participated in the experiment. Procedure: The same as in Experiment 1. Results and Discussion: A chi-square test revealed no significant difference across the two conditions χ2(1)=0.41011, p= 0.5219. In Experiment 3 we asked whether the presence of an intervening numeral and its linear distance to the target noun affects the possibility to produce a count error on the final noun in a plural context. The target noun phrase consisted of an adjective, a noun modifier consisting of a numeral and a noun. A masculine non-human target noun followed the noun modifier. Three conditions manipulated the number of adjectives (zero, one, or two) that intervened between the numeral and the noun within the modifier phrase: (3) posadenite meʒdu tri 1.kɤʃti / 2. niski kɤʃti / 3. niski dɤrveni kɤʃti [dɤb-?] the-planted-pl. between three houses-pl. low-pl. houses-pl low-pl. wooden houses-pl. oak-? 'the oaks planted between three houses / the oaks planted between three low houses / the oaks planted between three low wooden houses /' The increase of adjectives across conditions creates a bias towards the use of a non-count form. We expected participants to produce errors across conditions due to the presence of a numeral. However, the amount of errors should decrease across conditions with the increase of the number of intervening adjectives. Participants: 29 native Bulgarian speakers (23 females; mean age 34.76, SD= 14.34), of which 17 had no linguistic background, participated in the experiment Procedure: The same as in experiment 1 and 2. Results and Discussion: the overall percentage of count form errors was smaller compared to the plural errors in Experiment 1. A chi-square test in the first experiment showed a significant difference across the conditions χ2(2)=7.0812, p=0.029. A post hoc found a significant difference between the number of count and plural forms in the Condition 1 vs the Condition 3 condition as well as Condition 2 vs Condition 3. The condition with two adjectives seemed to have less count errors than any of the other two conditions with less adjectives. Conclusion: The experiments indicate that in the context of the Bulgarian quantified noun phrase linear distance is more relevant for error production than the syntactic structure. Participants seem more likely to produce plural form errors in a context which requires a count form than the other way round (a count error in a plural context). This suggests that feature assignment in the Bulgarian quantified noun phrase is a different process from subject-verb agreement. In agreement attraction, errors are sensitive to syntactic as well as to linear intervention. On the other hand, errors in feature assignment in the Bulgarian quantified noun phrase are more sensitive to linear intervention than to syntactic intervention. This is compatible with a working memory account such as in Badecker & Kuminiak (2007) where the feature assigner currently held in the working memory becomes less accessible the more distant it is to the target noun, whereas an intervener closer to the target is more readily accessible.
Ključne besede: feature assignment, agreement, attraction, errors, linear distance, structural distance, plural forms, count forms
Objavljeno: 17.08.2022; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2.
Leksika: prevod za "organico" in "lavoratore"
Maja Melinc Mlekuž, 2022, strokovni članek

Opis: Jezikovna pošta - jezikovnosvetovalna rubrika v Primorskem dnevniku (odgovori na jezikovna vprašanja bralcev).
Ključne besede: leksika, slovenski jezik, Italija
Objavljeno: 17.08.2022; Ogledov: 21; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (226,25 KB)

3.
Srce Gradnikove pesniške misli je v obmejnosti, večkulturnosti, večjezičnosti
2022, radijska ali televizijska oddaja

Ključne besede: intervjuji, kultura, literatura
Objavljeno: 12.08.2022; Ogledov: 44; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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4.
Frontiers in language sciences
2010

Objavljeno: 10.08.2022; Ogledov: 75; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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5.
Optimizacija naravnega prezračevanja v enodružinski hiši s povišano koncentracijo radona
Tanja Buh, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: Radon (222Rn) je naravni radioaktivni plin, ki ob daljši izpostavljenosti pri človeku poveča tveganje za nastanek pljučnega raka. V stavbe vstopa 222Rn preko stavbnega ovoja, ki je v stiku z zemljino, zato je njegova koncentracija v zraku stavb odvisna od koncentracije v talnem zraku, kakovosti gradnje, meteoroloških dejavnikov in prezračevanja (naravno ali mehansko). Za raziskavo smo izbrali dve sosednji stanovanjski stavbi: (i) novejšo naseljeno z dobro zrakotesnostjo stavbnega ovoja in (ii) starejšo nenaseljeno s slabšo zrakotesnostjo stavbnega ovoja. V obeh stavbah smo v obdobju april–december 2021 merili koncentracije 222Rn, v novejši stavbi pa smo s pomočjo simulacije optimizirali prezračevanje. Najprej smo izvedli tridnevne (tj. kratkotrajne) kontinuirne meritve koncentracije 222Rn v izbranih prostorih obeh stavb. Na osnovi rezultatov smo izbrali prostore za nadaljnje meritve, in sicer v novejši (študentsko sobo, dnevno sobo in klet) in v starejši stavbi (kopalnico), kjer smo izvedli večtedenske (t.i. dolgotrajne) kontinuirne meritve koncentracije 222Rn v vseh letnih časih. Ugotovili smo, da so povprečne letne koncentracije 222Rn v novejši stavbi pod referenčno mejo 300 Bq/m3 (študentska soba 179±63 Bq/m3, dnevna soba 114±35 Bq/m3) ter povišane v kleti (1038±477 Bq/m3) in v starejši stavbi (1927±1461 Bq/m3). V nadaljevanju je bil poudarek raziskave na študentski sobi, kjer smo jeseni in pozimi, sočasno s koncentracijo 222Rn, kontinuirno merili še koncentracijo CO2 in spremljali pogostost in trajanje naravnega prezračevanja (odpiranje balkonskih vrat). Kljub pogostemu prezračevanju, so v obeh letnih časih zgodaj zjutraj koncentracije 222Rn večkrat presegle 250 Bq/m3, koncentracije CO2 pa 2000 ppm. Koncentracije 222Rn in CO2 smo nato še simulirali v programu CONTAM 3.4.0.1 z različnimi načrtovanimi stopnjami prezračevanja (DVR). Kriterij, ki smo ga pri tem upoštevali je bil, da koncentraciji 222Rn in CO2 ne presežeta mejne vrednosti (100 Bq/m3 za 222Rn in 1000 ppm za CO2). Jeseni smo ta pogoj dosegli pri 25,0 m3/h (0,5/h) za 222Rn in 69,9 m3/h (1,4/h) za CO2. Pozimi tega pogoja nismo mogli doseči za 222Rn niti z DVR 89,9 m3/h (1,8/h), za CO2 smo ga zagotovili pri DVR 69,9 m3/h (1,4/h). Ker tako visoke stopnje izmenjav zraka težko dosežemo z naravnim prezračevanjem, smo predlagali vgradnjo prezračevalnega sistema. Izračunali smo še letno efektivno dozo, ki jo zaradi 222Rn in produktov v zraku prejme oseba v študentski sobi (4 mSv), ki je višja od povprečne efektivne doze v svetovnem merilu (1,15 mSv/leto). Povišana efektivna doza še dodatno potrjuje smiselnost vgradnje prezračevalnega sistema.
Ključne besede: radon, ogljikov dioksid, stanovanjska stavba, prezračevanje, efektivna doza, simulacija
Objavljeno: 10.08.2022; Ogledov: 87; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,27 MB)

6.
Ana Toroš o manj znanem Alojzu Gradniku
2022, radijska ali televizijska oddaja

Ključne besede: kultura, literatura, intervjuji
Objavljeno: 09.08.2022; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

7.
Films in the closet
Carolina Silveira, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: Prvi del magistrskega dela raziskuje zgodovino reprezentacij LGBTQ skupnosti v filmu in medijih, s ciljem postavitve avtoričinega praktičnega projekta v kontekst, da bi ugotovili, na katere načine se le-ta vključuje v stereotipe in v katerih primerih se nahaja zunaj njih. Osredotočeno večinoma na ameriški in delno tudi na evropski film, pričujoče magistrsko delo ne predstavlja izčrpne študije teme, temveč gre za subjektivno izbiro določenih vrhuncev, ki so označili LGBTQ reprezentacijo v zgodovini filma ter pomembnih tem v odnosu do praktičnega projekta. Magistrsko delo izpostavi filme skozi desetletja in dogodke gejevskega gibanja z namenom kontekstualiziranja reprezentacije skupnosti v njenem družbeno-političnem presečišču. V svojem drugem delu avtorica razloži ustvarjalni proces filma (s)election, ki predstavlja praktični del magistrske naloge. Na koncu se oba dela povežeta.
Ključne besede: Homoseksualnost, LGBTQ, Film, Reprezentacija, Razkritje, Zgodovina LGBTQ Filma
Objavljeno: 08.08.2022; Ogledov: 98; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,87 MB)
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8.
Nova topografija
Matej Turk, 2022, diplomsko delo

Opis: V diplomskem delu je najprej na kratko obrazložen pojem »nova topografija« in od kje izvira sam izraz. Nato sledi opis pojma pokrajina in kaj je ta pojem pomenil v slikarski umetnosti, zatem pa še opis pokrajine v fotografijah in kako so te krajinske fotografije prešle iz funkcionalnosti v umetnost. Besedilo nato nekoliko podrobneje opiše razstavo New Topographics (Rochester, New York, 1975) in avtorska dela sodelujočih avtorjev. Po predstavitvi razstave sledi opis objektivnega stila fotografije, ki je bil ključnega pomena za razstavo, in kako je ta vplival na kasnejše fotografe, ki pa se niso osredotočali zgolj na krajinsko fotografijo. Teoretični del se konča s predstavitvijo štirih avtorjev – Bernd in Hilla Becher, Edward Burtynsky in pa Chris Jordan, ki so bili velik navdih za fotografije v praktičnem delu moje diplomske naloge in pa po mojem mnenju tudi pomembni predstavniki fotografske razstave New Topographics. Nato sledi praktični del diplomske naloge z opisom moje fotografske serije Barje s priloženimi fotografijami.
Ključne besede: fotografija, krajinska fotografija, nova topografija, objektivni stil, človeško spremenjene pokrajine, ameriški Zahod, diplomske naloge
Objavljeno: 08.08.2022; Ogledov: 82; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Polno besedilo (16,11 MB)
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9.
On the cost of scalar implicatures
Paolo Lorusso, Penka Stateva, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Anne Cheylus, Anne Colette Reboul, Greta Mazzaggio, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Ključne besede: scalar implicatures, experimental pragamtics, eye-tracker, quantifiers
Objavljeno: 08.08.2022; Ogledov: 77; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,04 MB)
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10.
Politični film
Benjamin Friškovec, 2022, diplomsko delo

Opis: Diplomsko delo obravnava nekaj ključnih vprašanja političnega filma, katerega prav tako definira ter kontekstualizira. Na začetku se posvetimo tipologiji političnega, ki presega zgolj obravnavanje vladajočega razreda, politikov kot oseb in izvajanje oblasti. Razločevanje med zgoraj opisanim in sfero skupnih zadev, ki se dotikajo naših življenj na vseh nivojih povežemo s filmom in za boljše razumevanje razširimo s temami, kot so žanr, teorija avtorstva, metode potujitve in realizem. Vsi ti dejavniki namreč vplivajo na definicijo političnega filma. Ključen faktor političnega filma je lahko prav produkcija filma, in sicer z rušenjem tradicionalnih hierarhij v procesu zasnove in produkcije filma. Prav politika je tisto, kar neposredno vpliva na naša življenja. Če film prikazuje perspektivo upornikov in ljudi, ki sicer ne bi imeli besede, če daje gledalcu možnost kritičnega razmišljanja o subjektu, temi ali sistemu in če je realističen, govorimo o političnem filmu. Za lažje razumevanje politične filme različnih klasifikacij razporedimo v kategorije in v nadaljevanju tudi razložimo, kako se tema povezuje s praktičnim delom diplomske naloge, ki ga predstavlja diplomski film z naslovom Ni vsak dan nedelja.
Ključne besede: politični film, žanrski film, avtorski film, teorija avtorstva, francoski novi val, realizem, diplomske naloge
Objavljeno: 08.08.2022; Ogledov: 73; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,02 MB)
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