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11.
Lexicon immigration service - Prolegomena to a theory of loanword integration
Marko Simonović, 2015, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: The goal of this dissertation is to empower the field of formal loanword research by (a) incorporating insights from sociolinguistic research into formal models and (b) highlighting morphological (and morphosyntactic) integration in the field which is presently dominated by data from phonological borrowing. The emergent loanword model enables defining the interface of source and target languages. It is applicable to data from phonological, morphological and morphosyntactic integration, which are viewed as entangled aspects of a single broad process: lexicalisation, viewed as the creation of a new lexical entry based on a foreign surface form. This aspect of the model implies a certain telicity, not unlike the existing adaptation models (Chapter 2). However, while these latter models see loanword processes as moving towards becoming indistinguishable from native items, the integration model will have as its endpoint the creation of a fully functional RL lexical entry (sometimes very distinguishably non-native). Since loanwords display processes which make reference to various levels (individual and communal, synchronic and diachronic etc.), the model is comprised of two different apparatuses able to capture different aspects of loanword behaviour without losing sight of what they exclude. The more diachronic apparatus of the model will concentrate on the ways in which properties of the initial code switch are preserved in the process of integration into the lexicon (shared by the language community), which involves the creation of paradigms, the assignment of morphosyntactic features, etc. We will present strong evidence that borrowing is to be seen as lexicalisation based on a surface form, guided by a force which militates against the introduction of new versions of the incoming form – Lexical Conservatism. The more synchronic apparatus will be more suitable for viewing the regularities which are part of borrowers’ knowledge: the inter-language mappings, which emerge within the community and which contain instructions for converting SL structures into RL structures. The dissertation chapters are organised as follows. Chapter 1 presents the most important findings of sociolinguistic research into loanwords. Chapter 2 reviews research done by generative phonologists in the field usually termed loanword adaptation. In Chapter 3 research into lexical stratification is reviewed. In Chapter 4 the main ingredients of the model proposed in this dissertation are discussed. Chapter 5 considers the cases of morphosyntactic integration. In Chapter 6 the inter-language mappings are introduced and discussed. Chapter 7 brings an interim summary and announces the four subsequent chapters, which bring four case studies, in which the proposed model is put to use to account for larger data sets. Chapter 8 presents an account of consonant gemination in loanwords. Chapters 9 discusses a-epenthesis in Serbo-Croatian from the contact perspective. Chapter 10 brings an account of verb borrowing and aspect in Serbo-Croatian. In Chapter 11 the Latinate nominalisations in Serbo-Croatian are analysed from the perspective of our model. Chapter 12 concludes this dissertation. This book will be of interest for researchers in the fields of language contact, phonology, morphology and the structure of the lexicon, as well as Serbo- Croatian linguistics.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...defining the interface of source and target languages. It is applicable to data from phonological,...
Keywords: Loanword integration, Loanword adaptation, Lexicon stratification, Loanword morphology, Special Faithfulness, Lexical Conservatism, Inter-language mappings
Published: 09.02.2018; Views: 2331; Downloads: 265
.pdf Fulltext (2,95 MB)

12.
The non-dominant hand perseveration and movement in SZJ locative constructions
Matic Pavlič, 2018, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In sign languages, signers habitually encode the relations between locative arguments with a complex predicate consisting of several independent morphemes, as shown by Pfau and Aboh (2012) for Sign Language of the Netherlands. In this study, I examine perseverations and movements of the non-dominant hand (H2) in Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ) locative constructions. In SZJ, the H2may be persevered after producing the two-handed Ground in locative constructions. This is shown by the data collected from seven first language SZJ informants, using a Picture Description Task. The referential location as well as the orientation and the handshape of this perseveration may change at the sign-boundary when the one-handed Figure has just been articulated and the one-handed predicate is about to be signed. Before this sign-boundary, the handshape of the persevered H2 refers to the Ground – and is therefore a Ground classifier. After that boundary, the handshape of the persevered H2 refers to the part of the Ground that is relevant for localizing the Figure – and is therefore an axial part classifier that projects aMeasure Phrase.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...In sign languages, signers habitually encode the relations between locative...
Keywords: locative construction, non-dominant hand perseveration, measure phrase, Slovenian Sign Language
Published: 20.03.2018; Views: 2395; Downloads: 132
.pdf Fulltext (1,37 MB)

13.
Spatial terms and conditions of Sign Language Agreement
Matic Pavlič, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Slovenian Sign Language, agreement, referential location, transitives, ditransitives
Published: 17.04.2018; Views: 2368; Downloads: 123
.pdf Fulltext (236,55 KB)

14.
Nationaal Socialistisch Taalbeleid in Nederland voor en Tijdens de Bezetting 1940 - 1945
Marko Simonović, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Het centrale doel van dit onderzoek is de maatregelen op het gebied van de taalpolitiek, die de overheid tijdens de Duitse bezetting heeft genomen, in kaart te brengen. Aangezien de kiemen van een nieuw, bewust gepland taalgebruik al vanaf 1931 in de NSB-kringen te bespeuren zijn, wordt er ook aan de “interne” nationaal-socialistische taalpolitiek voor de Tweede Wereldoorlog aandacht besteed. Klaarblijkelijk moet men er rekening mee houden dat de ingrepen op de taal in beide fasen een verschillende status hadden. Toch hebben we hier ervoor gekozen de feiten uit de periode voor en tijdens de bezetting samen te presenteren en het nationaal-socialistische taalbeleid in Nederland als één verschijnsel te bekijken, aangezien de procédés, de doeleinden maar ook de ijveraars van het nationaal-socialistische taalbeleid na de intocht van het Duitse leger vrijwel dezelfde bleven. Er lijken twee aspecten te zijn waar men zou kunnen bepleiten dat het om twee wezenlijk verschillende perioden gaat – de doelgroep en de “doordringendheid” van de standaardisatie. Het lijkt toch moeilijk bewijsbaar dat een invloed op de taalgemeenschap als geheel na de intocht als een hoofddoeleinde van de nationaal-socialisten gold (terwijl het vóór de intocht niet het geval was). Wel zijn er aanwijzingen dat sommige aspecten van de standaardisatie tijdens de bezetting juist elitistisch waren (bv. het jargon van de Germaanse SS). Ook de “doordringendheid” van de nationaal-socialistische taalpolitiek lijkt tijdens de bezetting niet groter te zijn geworden. Aangezien de nationaal-socialistische ingrepen op dit gebied niet bepaald opvallend waren en er onder de bevolking geen bereidheid was om deze ingrepen te accepteren/implementeren, is het moeilijk aan te tonen dat de Nederlandse taalgemeenschap zich van deze taalpolitiek bewust was en, als dat wel het geval was, dat ze na mei 1940 meer bekend en invloedrijk was. Dat het om een gerechtvaardigde aanpak gaat, laat ook de enige beschikbare studie over het taalgebruik van de Nederlandse nationaal-socialisten - Toorn, 1991 – zien. Toorn maakt duidelijk dat de nieuwe omstandigheden weinig aan het taalgebruik, maar ook de perceptie van de taal, veranderden. Doorgaans staat de invloed op de Nederlandse taalgemeenschap centraal terwijl het beleid i.v.m. de Duitse taalgemeenschap in Nederland buiten beschouwing is gelaten. Wel komt Duits als tweede taal aan de orde.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...taalbeleid, tweede wereldoorlog, language planning, bezetting, Duits, Nederlands...
Keywords: taalbeleid, tweede wereldoorlog, language planning, bezetting, Duits, Nederlands
Published: 22.06.2018; Views: 2502; Downloads: 0 
(1 vote)
.pdf Fulltext (917,89 KB)

15.
The importance of not belonging: Paradigmaticity and loan nominalizations in Serbo-Croatian
Marko Simonović, Boban Arsenijević, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: In a number of Slavic and Germanic languages, various derivational affixes and morphological patterns of Latin origin are relatively common, and bear effects as abstract as deriving event nouns from verbs and property nouns from adjectives. This seems to contradict the general observation that abstract morphology typically is not subject to borrowing. We discuss the status of two Serbo-Croatian (S-C) nominalizing Latinate suffixes, -cija and -itet, complemented by one Germanic suffix, -er. On our analysis, these are not borrowed suffixes and derivational patterns, in the sense that they were present in another language and got copied into S-C, but rather suffixes and patterns which emerged within S-C, more specifically in the borrowed stratum of the S-C lexicon. Crucial factors in their emergence were the shared semantic properties of the nouns ending in the respective sequences (-cija, -itet and -er), and the quantitative properties of these sequences closely matching those of native derivational suffixes. Pragmatic, phonological and prosodic constraints apply to these derivations to the effect that the suffixes that have emerged in the borrowed domain of the lexicon never enter a competition with the native nominalization patterns.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...In a number of Slavic and Germanic languages, various derivational affixes and morphological patterns of...
Keywords: nominalisation, borrowing, loanword, language contact, Serbo-Croatian
Published: 29.11.2018; Views: 1870; Downloads: 82
.pdf Fulltext (378,27 KB)

16.
How the lack of negative input affects processing of complex syntax by advanced second language learners
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Second language learning, ultimate attainment, syntax, sentence processing, negative evidence
Published: 18.01.2019; Views: 1919; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (205,89 KB)

17.
Structuring linguistic noise
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: How do young children acquiring their native language master complex abstract properties of adult sentences, more specifically, their syntactic structure? A good portion of recent research in child language acquisition is devoted to the nature of 'segmentation' strategies allowing children to deduce some of these abstract structural properties from the linguistic input they are exposed to, and the role of linguistic (e.g. prosodic), cognitive (e.g. working memory, probabilistic) and experience (e.g. bilingualism, music training) factors that affect the segmentation task. In this talk I give a broad outline of this research agenda including our own work and reflect on promising new directions that emerge in this domain.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...How do young children acquiring their native language master complex abstract properties of adult sentences,...
Keywords: segmentation, prosody, child language
Published: 28.06.2019; Views: 1754; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (29,30 KB)

18.
ALPHABET AND WRITING IN THE ARMENIAN DIASPORA OF PLOVDIV: ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVES
Giustina Selvelli, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: This work investigates the relation between the maintenance of Armenian identity and language and the multifunctional employment of the Armenian writing system in the diasporic context of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Departing from the assumption that a writing system’s cultural meaning goes far beyond its technical function, the aim is to demonstrate how the Armenian alphabet becomes a fundamental component of a process of symbolic cultivation of collective imagery, employed by the local intelligentsia in different writing settings in order to keep the link with the cultural and spiritual legacy of the historic Armenian motherland alive. In this vision, I integrate the analysis of ethnic identity with the study of the representational factors that allow a group to exist in the symbolic horizon of its members, with the purpose of underlining the symbolic aspect of ethnicity and identifying the mechanisms active in its persistence in time as a historic and cultural construction.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...between the maintenance of Armenian identity and language and the multifunctional employment of the Armenian...
Keywords: Armenian Diaspora, Armenian Alphabet, Bulgarian Armenians, Plovdiv, Armenian Language
Published: 24.08.2020; Views: 961; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,19 MB)

19.
Chandos AI
Peter Purg, 2020, artistic component part

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...artificial intelligence, media performance, video, language, Chandos, open AI...
Keywords: artificial intelligence, media performance, video, language, Chandos, open AI
Published: 04.01.2021; Views: 774; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (7,12 MB)

20.
Ki(n)
2020, radio or television broadcast

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...interspecies reciprocity, language of kinship, 1-2-1 performance, power relations, the...
Keywords: interspecies reciprocity, language of kinship, 1-2-1 performance, power relations, the gaze, feedback loop, lived experience
Published: 23.02.2021; Views: 696; Downloads: 2
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)

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