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Title:Patterns of impairment of narrative language in mild traumatic brain injury
Authors:Galetto, Valentina (Author)
Andreetta, Sara (Author)
Zettin, Marina (Author)
Marini, Andrea (Author)
Files:This document has no files. This document may have a phisical copy in the library of the organization, check the status via COBISS. Link is opened in a new window
Language:English
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) represents a condition whose cognitive and behavioral sequelae are often underestimated, even when it exerts a profound impact on the patients’ every-day life. The present study aimed to analyze the features of narrative discourse impairment in a group of adults with mTBI. 10 mTBI non-aphasic speakers (GCS > 13) and 13 neurologically intact participants were recruited for the experiment. Their cognitive, linguistic and narrative skills were thoroughly assessed. The group of mTBIs exhibited normal phonological, lexical and grammatical skills. However, their narratives were characterized by the pres- ence of frequent interruptions of ongoing utterances, derailments and extraneous utterances that at times made their discourse vague and ambiguous. They produced more errors of global coherence [F (1; 21)1⁄424.242; p1⁄4.000; h2p1⁄40. 536] and fewer Lexical Information Units [F (1; 21) 1⁄4 7.068; p 1⁄4 .015; h2p 1⁄4 .252]. The errors of global coherence correlated negatively with non- perseverative errors on the WCST (r 1⁄4 1⁄4.755; p < .012). The mac- rolinguistic problems made their narrative samples less informa- tive than those produced by the group of control participants. These disturbances may reflect a deficit at the interface between cognitive and linguistic processing rather than a specific linguistic disturbance. These findings suggest that also persons with mild forms of TBI may experience linguistic disturbances that may hamper the quality of their every-day life.
Keywords:mild traumatic brain injury, narrative analysis, neurolinguistics, neuropsychology
Year of publishing:2013
Number of pages:str. 649-661
Numbering:no. 6, Vol. 26
COBISS_ID: 3625723 Link is opened in a new window
ISSN on article:0911-6044
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:ZGOJ8GXS
DOI:10.1016/j.jneuroling.2013.05.004 Link is opened in a new window
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of neurolinguistics
Shortened title:J. neurolinguist.
Publisher:Pergamon Press
ISSN:0911-6044
COBISS.SI-ID:1231637 New window

Secondary language

Language:Undetermined
Keywords:nevropsihologija, nevrolingvistka, nezgodne možganske poškodbe, analiza diskurza


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