Repozitorij Univerze v Novi Gorici

Izpis gradiva
A+ | A- | SLO | ENG

Naslov:THE EFFECTS OF MIXED COMMUNAL WASTE RECYCLING MANAGEMENT IN SLOVENIA - CASE STUDY
Avtorji:Bohinec, Peter (Avtor)
Vudrag, Marko (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf Peter_Bohinec.pdf (3,32 MB)
 
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:FPŠ - Fakulteta za podiplomski študij
Opis:With the adjustment of the Slovenian legislation with the European one we have an obligation to increase the reuse and recycling target for municipal solid waste by up to 65% by 2030 and gradual limitation of the landfilling of municipal solid waste to 10% by 2030 (Directive 2008/98 on waste, 2015). This represents a major challenge for municipalities in Slovenia. This study contains a plan for establishing new waste treatment facility in the Municipality of XY. As all new constructions in Slovenia, the presented facility needs to provide all the environmental protective measures predicted by the legislation. Beside the legislation, it is also important to ensure that new waste treatment facilities will have a low or no effect on the environment. Based on the Environmental Protection Act and the Construction Act of Slovenia, measures to ensure long term monitoring of the waste treatment facility as a case study in the Municipality of XY are presented. Before constructing the new facility, the track of “baseline” – a one-year monitoring of the following environmental parameters was crucial: groundwater, air dust deposit, condition of the soil on the area where new facility will operate in the future. The thesis points out the importance of the so-called track “baseline” monitoring of environmental parameters before new waste treatment facility will operate. This will be the basis for the introduction of operating monitoring for the new waste treatment facility in the future. Data for the analysis of presence of pollutants were acquired from groundwater, air dust deposit, soil sampling and containment of chemical pollutants. The following methods of analysis were employed in the acquisition of laboratory results of specific physical and chemical parameters: ion chromatography, gas chromatography, spectrophotometry, titration, inductive coupled plasma – mass detector, measurement with an electrode. It was determined that in the period between 2011 and 2012, the groundwater samples taken from three drilled wells containing pollutants as for example in the P-2 well there were adsorbable organic halogens - AOX, boron and mineral oils found. The results of the dust deposit show increased value of lead and zinc. More concerning are analysis of the soil samples where the quantity of copper at the MM2 measuring point were 530mg/kg, on 20 April 2012 the present critical level was 300 mg/kg. At the same measuring point (MM2) on the same day, the value of zinc was 650 mg/kg and almost reached the critical level of 720 mg/kg. The levels of heavy metals as cadmium, copper, lead and zinc in the soil samples taken at the MM2 and MM3 measuring points were at the warning level. All the detected parameters were evaluated and present a good basis for future operational monitoring of the environment in the area of the new waste treatment facility in the future. This case study has shown that planned steps in the improvement of the waste management in the Municipality of XY are crucial to protect the environment. The analysis and interpretation present an important basis for planning and monitoring a new waste treatment facility which will help to improve our goals and reduce landfilling to 10% and increace recycling by up to 65% by 2030 as predicted by the Directive on waste (Directive 2008/98 on waste, 2015).
Ključne besede:odpadki, krožno gospodarjenje z odpadki, podtalnica, zemljine, prašni delci v zraku, spremljanje stanja okolja.
Leto izida:2016
Izvor:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:4442363  Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:HYVE6BVW
Število ogledov:1617
Število prenosov:176
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:Gradivo ni uvrščeno v področja.
:
  
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.

Postavite miškin kazalec na naslov za izpis povzetka. Klik na naslov izpiše podrobnosti ali sproži prenos.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Naslov:UČINKI KROŽNEGA GOSPODARJENJA Z MEŠANIMI KOMUNALNIMI ODPADKI V SLOVENIJI - ŠTUDIJA PRIMERA
Opis:Tako v Sloveniji kot v Evropski uniji se je po nekaj letih ekonomske krize, ki je zajela celotno Evropo od leta 2008 in je trajala do 2012, količina nastalih komunalnih odpadkov povečala. Komunalni odpadki v državah članicah predstavljajo okoljski problem v smislu odstranjevanja, obdelave in odlaganja oziroma sežiganja. V letu 2008 je bila na ravni Evropske unije sprejeta Direktiva 2008/98 o ravnanju z odpadki v Evropski uniji, ki močno posega v ključni element obdelave in predelave odpadkov. Posega na področje nastajanja in končne obdelave odpadkov na odlagališča. Pri tem je spodbudila veliko razprav o vpeljevanju tako imenovanega krožnega gospodarjenja z odpadki, ki je bil leta 2015 z nekaj amandmaji vključen v navedeno Direktivo. Odpadek dobi novo dimenzijo in po sistematizaciji se pravilno zbran, tretiran in pripravljen odpadek pripravi za nadaljnjo uporabo. Potrebno je poudariti, da nova Direktiva predvideva enotne formularje za javljanje podatkov o količini zbranih, recikliranih in odloženih odpadkov iz vseh držav EU v enoten portal Evropske unije. Opredeljuje zmanjšanje količine odloženih odpadkov do leta 2030, kar nekako prisili države, ki zaostajajo za recikliranjem in večino odpadkov še vedno odlagajo na deponije odpadkov in s tem negativno vplivajo na okolje. Odlagališča predstavljajo posreden in neposreden vir negativnega vpliva na okolje. Zato moramo v Sloveniji zagotoviti več možnosti in kapacitet za zbiranje, sortiranje in obdelavo odpadkov po novih smernicah EU. V lokalni skupnosti XY, ki ima okoli 156.000 prebivalcev, od leta 2010 tečejo priprave na učinkovitejše ravnanje z odpadki. Občina je izdala koncesije za ravnanje z odpadki in ker ni bilo pričakovanih rezultatov, so konec leta z odlokom ustanovili lastno podjetje za ravnanje z odpadki in pričeli z aktivnostmi za izgradnjo novega obrata za obdelavo in predelavo odpadkov. Določena je bila lokacija in v skladu s pravilniki in zakonom so pričeli pregledovati stanje v okolju na lokaciji, s čimer so želeli ugotoviti, katere potencialno negativne vplive bo imel novi obrat za ravnaje z odpadki na okolje. Ker je lokacija na vodovarstvenem območju, so veliko pozornosti namenili ugotavljanju stanja podtalnice, ki obenem predstavlja vir vodne oskrbe za vse mesto. Tako so v času med avgustom 2011 in junijem 2012 izvedli naslednje meritve okoljskih parametrov; stanje podtalnice, stanje zemljin na območju, stanje prašnih usedlin.
Ključne besede:waste, disposal, landfill, groundwater, soil, dust deposit, environmental impact, monitoring.


Nazaj