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Title:Optimiranje zbiranja komunalnih odpadkov
Authors:Steinman, Tjaša (Author)
Kržan, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf Tjasa_Steinman.pdf (1,37 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZO - Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Abstract:V razvitem svetu ima zbiranje odpadkov dolgo tradicijo in danes zajema veliko večino odpadkov. Po povečevanju deleža zajema, ki je potekalo v preteklosti je sedaj pozornost namenjena izboljšavam zbiranja v smislu večje učinkovitosti, podpori novim zahtevam za ponovno uporabo odpadkov ter udobni in dobri storitvi za uporabnike. Zbiranje odpadkov je v sistemu ravnanja z odpadki še posebej pomembno, ker predstavlja neposredni stik z uporabniki ter je izvedbeno in poslovno pomemben. Najbolj razširjen je t.im. prinašalni sistem, kjer uporabniki prinašajo ločene frakcije na najbližje zbirno mesto, vse bolj pa se uveljavlja sistem »od vrat do vrat« po katerem zbiralec odpadkov le-te pobira neposredno pri uporabniku. Slednji pristop zahteva prilagoditve a prinaša tudi nove možnosti za izboljšanje sistema zato je zanimiva primerjava obeh pristopov. Oba pristopa sem v moji diplomi tudi bolj podrobno opisala. V literaturi sem poiskala primerjave oz. poročila za delovanje obeh sistemov z vidika izvedbe, učinkovitosti in stroškov. V sklopu naloge sem opravila pogovore s predstavniki komunalnih podjetij, kjer sistem od vrat do vrat vsaj delno uporabljajo, da sem dobila podatke o izkušnjah z uvedbo. Navedena je tudi analiza uvedbe novega sistema v naselju Grčna ter nekaj alternativnih pristopov k zbiranju odpadkov. Na osnovi raziskave zaključujem, da je postopna uvedba sistema od vrat do vrat smiselna saj predstavlja nadgradnjo sistema predvsem v smislu izboljšanja upravljanja z viri in uvaja večjo sledljivost. Prehod je predvsem organizacijski izziv, medtem ko se stroški izvajanja dolgoročno ne dvignejo.
Keywords:Sistem od vrat do vrat, prinašalni sistem, komunalni odpadki, ločene frakcije
Year of publishing:2016
Source:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:4520699 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:NPMCDWO4
Views:2128
Downloads:163
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Optimization of Municipal Solid Waste Collection
Abstract:In the developed world, we have a long tradition of waste collection, which today includes the vast majority of the waste we produce. After the increase of the collected waste share in the past years, the focus has recently been shifting towards the improvement of waste collection strategies in terms of effectiveness, new recycling methods and a comfortable customer experience of high quality. Waste collection plays an especially important role in the system of waste management, since it involves a direct contact with the users. It is thus very significant as far as its execution and financial management are concerned. The most common system is the so-called »carrying« system where users bring their separated waste units to the closest collection site. Another important system winning recognition is the door-to-door system where waste management companies collect waste directly from their users. This strategy requires adaptations, but it also offers new possibilities of improvement. A comparison of both systems thus offers interesting cues. In my diploma thesis, I describe both systems in detail. I include comparative studies and reports on both systems from the viewpoint of performance, effectiveness and expenses. I have discussed with the representatives of local municipal solid waste management companies to gain information on their introduction of the door-to-door system, which is currently being employed at least partially. The thesis includes an analysis of the new system of Grčna, an area of the city of Nova Gorica. Additionally, I present some alternative municipal solid waste collection strategies. Based on my research, I can conclude that a gradual introduction of the door-to-door system represents a reasonable solution, since it includes an upgrade of the system in terms of resource management and better waste tracking. Since the introduction of this system does not mean an increase of performance expenses in the long term, I see this transition as a possible, though demanding organizational challenge.
Keywords:Door-to-door system, bring system, municipal waste, separate fractions


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