Repository of University of Nova Gorica

Show document
A+ | A- | SLO | ENG

Title:Samostalniški lažni prijatelji v jezikovnem paru slovenščine in srbščine
Authors:Sever, Kaja (Author)
Marušič, Franc (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf Kaja_Sever.pdf (1,69 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FH - Faculty of Humanities
Abstract:Lažni prijatelji so v jezikoslovju imenovani pari besed v različnih jezikih, ki so videti podobno, imajo pa drugačen pomen. Ti besedni pari povzročajo velike probleme pri prevajanju in učenju tujega jezika. Še posebej v sorodnih jezikih, kjer so besede lahko izgovorno popolnoma enake (npr. hlad : hlad), pogosto tudi etimološko sorodne, zato se nam posledično zdijo tudi pomensko povezane, kar pa ni vedno res (hlad v srbščini namreč pomeni senca). Lažnih prijateljev je veliko med slovanskimi jeziki. Jaz sem se odločila za pregled srbskih in slovenskih lažnih prijateljev. V diplomskem delu sem predstavila lažne prijatelje med srbskim in slovenskim jezikom, in sicer samostalnike v imenovalniku ednine, ki so videti popolnoma enaki (npr. lice - lice) oz. se razlikujejo v eni do dveh črkah (npr. kovčeg - kovček). Naloga je sestavljena iz dveh delov, in sicer bom najprej predstavila izhodišča za obravnavo lažnih prijateljih in na podlagi obstoječih virov razložila njihovo tipologijo. V drugem delu pa bom podrobneje predstavila slovensko-srbske lažne prijatelje med samostalniki po abecedi od A do Ž, za vsakega navedla slovarsko razlago (v tabelah) in ponazoritvene stavke pridobljene iz Slovarja slovenskega knjižnega jezika ter Rečnika srpskohrvatskoga književnog jezika. Primeri so prevajani enosmerno, kar pomeni, da sem prevajala samo srbske primere v slovenski jezik, in sicer pravilen in nepravilen prevod obravnavane besede. Ker slovar lažnih prijateljev med srbskim in slovenskim jezikom še ne obstaja, želim z nalogo ljudi, ki se učijo tujega jezika tj. srbščine ali slovenščine, opozoriti na problem lažnega prijateljstva in jim pomagati, da se bodo z njim znali soočati.
Keywords:lažni prijatelji, srbščina, slovenščina, samostalniki
Year of publishing:2017
Source:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:4924411 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:NYUZ1VU2
Views:2521
Downloads:210
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:Document is not linked to any category.
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Noun false friends in the language pair Slovenian and Serbian
Abstract:False friends in linguistics are pairs of words in two different languages that either sound the same or are at least similar, but have a different meaning. Such word pairs create problems when translating between two languages and when learning the other language. This can be especially confusing in the case of related languages, where the words that are exactly the same (for example, hlad : hlad) are often also etymologically related, and consequently also appear to be related semantically (hlad in Serbian means "shadow", but in Slovenian it means "cold"). There are many false friends among Slavic languages. I decided to review Serbian and Slovenian false friends. In this work, I show false friends among Serbian and Slovenian – nouns in the 1st person singular, which appear to be exactly the same (for example lice "face" in Serbian: lice "cheek" in Slovenian) or they are different in one or two letters (kovčeg "chest" in Serbian: kovček "suitcase" in Slovenian). The thesis consists of two parts: I will first present some background on false friends and explain their typology based on the existing sources. In the second part, I present in more detail the Slovenian-Serbian fake friends in alphabetical order, from A to Ž, with a dictionary explanation (in tables) and illustrative sentences obtained from the Slovenian and Serbian monolingual disctionaries (Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika and Rečnik srpskohrvatskoga književnog jezika). I only translate Serbian sentences into Slovenian, with correct and incorrect translation of each word. I hope to help people who learn a foreign language, Serbian or Slovenian, by drawing their attention to the problem of false friends and help them to be able to cope with it.
Keywords:False friends, Serbian, Slovenian, nouns


Back