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Title:THE IMPACT OF EUROPEANISATION ON THE NATURE PROTECTION SYSTEM OF SELECTED COUNTRIES OF SOUTHEAST EUROPE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE SYSTEM OF NATURA 2000
Authors:Šobot, Aleksandar (Author)
Lukšič, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf Aleksandar_Sobot.pdf (2,77 MB)
 
Language:English
Work type:Doctoral dissertation (mb31)
Tipology:2.08 - Doctoral Dissertation
Organization:FPŠ - Graduate School
Abstract:The Europeanisation of Southeastern Europe led to the pre-accession and accession process of joining countries of the former Yugoslavia to the European Union. Slovenia's accession to the formal process of accession to the European Union started in 1999. This process lasted until 2003. Then, in 2004, Slovenia joined the European Union. Croatia's access to the formal process of accession to the European Union started in 2003. This process lasted until 2012. Then, in 2013, Croatia joined the European Union. Bosnia and Herzegovina entered the pre-accession process with the process of stabilization and association with the European Union, which lasted from 1999 to 2015. Then, in 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina officially submitted its application for European Union membership. This paper examines the impact of the Europeanisation during this period on the nature protection system in the case of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina while establishing multi-level governance system of protected areas within NATURA 2000 network. The analysis of the establishment of multi-level governance system is performed according to the morphogenetic model in three cycles as a case study. The case study is organized with the help of interviews and desk analysis of the relevant documents. In the first cycle were explained the projects/process of implementation of NATURA 2000 in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and its changing impacts on national legislation in the area of nature protection (environmental policy). The second cycle explains the role of the main actors in the establishment of multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000 such as the European Union institutions, competent ministries, national parks and non-governmental organisations (environmental polity). The third cycle outlines the contribution to the establishment of multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000 on the nature protection systems of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and their future challenges (environmental politics). The main conclusions point to the major changes in the nature protection systems of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina during the process of implementation/establishing multi-level governance system of NATURA 2000. Main legal and institutional points of implementation of NATURA 2000 with all positive and negative sides are presented here. In the end, implementation of the European ecological network NATURA 2000 in Slovenia is marked as an excellent example with significant changes in legal (laws on nature protection) and institutional (transformation of governmental institutions, establishment of new institutions and inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. This process in Croatia was marked as good with significant changes in legal (laws on nature protection, adopting new strategy of sustainable development) and institutional (transformation of governmental organisation, establishment of new institutions and inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. This process in Bosnia and Herzegovina was marked as satisfactory with significant changes in legal (adopting new entity laws on nature protection) and institutional (adopting coordination mechanism for inter-entity and inter-institutional cooperation as well as inclusion of NGOs in decision making) framework. There are also significant weak points during the process of N2000 in all three countries (such as the late change of national legislative, not following the national legislative from governmental institution and not including NGOs into decision making), which during the proces of implementation of N2000 (for Croatia and Slovenia) or the process of preparation of implementation (for Bosnia and Herzegovina) cause significant problems, that call for action in the future in order to improve governance of natural resources /NATURA 2000. On the other hand, these points could serve as an example for all countries that underwent/or should undergo ...
Keywords:The Europeanisation of Southeastern Europe, the pre-accession process, the accession process, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the nature protection system, NATURA 2000 protected areas
Year of publishing:2017
Source:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:4967675 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:M4Q00TMX
Views:1976
Downloads:183
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Vpliv evropeizacije na sistem varovanja narave v izbranih državah jugovzhodne Evrope na primeru vzpostavljanja več-nivojskega sistema upravljanja Nature 2000
Abstract:Evropeizacija jugovzhodne Evrope se je v državah nekdanje Jugoslavije izvajala več let skozi predpristopne in pristopne procese vstopanja v Evropsko unijo. Formalni proces vstopanja Slovenije v Evropsko unijo se je začel leta 1999, proces je trajal do leta 2003, leta 2004 pa je Slovenija postala del Evropske unije. Hrvaška je formalni proces vstopanja v Evropsko unijo začela leta 2003, trajal je do leta 2012, leta 2013 pa je vstopila kot enakopravna članica v Evropsko unijo. Bosna in Hercegovina je začela predpristopni proces k Evropski uniji leta 1999 s procesom stabilizacije in pridruževanja, ki je trajal do leta 2015. Leto kasneje, leta 2016, je Bosna in Hercegovina uradno vložila prošnjo za članstvo v Evropsko Unijo. Pričajoči tekst obravnava vpliv evropeizacije na sistem varstva narave v vseh treh državah (Sloveniji, Hrvaški ter Bosni in Hercegovini), in sicer v omenjenih procesih, ko se je vzpostavljal med drugim tudi več nivojski sistem upravljanja zaščitenih območij v okviru NATURA 2000. Analizo vzpostavljanja več nivojskega upravljanja smo izvajali s pomočjo morfogenetskega modela, ki vsebuje tri avtonomno ločene kroge. V prvem krogu se preučuje proces vzpostavitve več nivojskega sistema upravljanja NATURA 2000; drugi krog pojasnjuje vlogo glavnih akterjev pri vzpostavitvi več nivojskega sistema upravljanja NATURA 2000; tretji krog pa opisuje prispevke vzpostavljenih več nivojskih sistemov upravljanja NATURA 2000 k sistemu varstva narave v Sloveniji, na Hrvaškem in Bosni in Hercegovini ter tudi prihodnje izzive. Glavne ugotovitve kažejo, da je v procesu evropeizacije prišlo do večjih sprememb v sistemih za varstvo narave Slovenije, Hrvaške ter Bosne in Hercegovine pri vzpostavljanju več nivojskega sistema upravljanja NATURA 2000. V delu so prikazane glavne zakonske in institucionalne značilnosti implementacije Nature 2000 - tako dobre kot slabe. Implementacija evropske ekološke mreže NATURA 2000 se je v Sloveniji pokazala kot odličen primer s pomembnimi spremembami v zakonodaji (zakonodaja o zaščiti narave) in institucionalni ureditvi (sprememba vladnih institucij, oblikovanje novih institucij in vključevanje nevladnih organizacij v proces odločanja); ta proces se je v Hrvaški zaključil z oceno dobro, ker so se pomembno spremenili zakonski (zakon o zaščiti narave, sprejeta je bila strategija trajnostnega razvoja) in institucionalni (spremenile so se vladne institucije, oblikovale so se nove institucije, nevladne organizacije pa so bile vključene v odločevalski proces) okviri; v Bosni in Hercegovini pa je ta proces ocenjena z zadovoljivo s pomembno spremembo zakonodaje (sprejeti so novi entitetski zakoni zaščite narave) in institucionalnih okvirov (vzpostavljen je koordinacijski mehanizem za medentitetsko in medinstitucionalno sodelovanje). Prav tako lahko ugotovimo, da so imeli procesi v teh državah tudi slabe plati, in sicer od zapoznelega sprejemanja nacionalne zakonodaje, neizvajanja nacionalne zakonodaje s strani vladnih institucij do nevključevanja nevladnih organizacij v procese sprejemanja odločitev, ki danes predstavljajo velike probleme v nadaljevanju implementacije Nature 2000 v Hrvaški in Sloveniji, v Bosni in Hercegovini pa v procesu priprav na implementacijo, s katerimi se bo treba spopasti v prihodnosti, da bi se pospešilo upravljanje z naravnimi viri/NATURA 2000. Po drugi strani pa lahko izkušnje vseh treh držav služijo kot primer vsem drugim državam, ki so/bodo stopile v proces implementacije ali upravljanja območij po kriterijih NATURA 2000.
Keywords:Evropeizacija jugovzhodne Evrope, predpristopni procesi, pristopni procesi, Slovenija, Hrvaška, Bosna in Hercegovina, sistem varstva narave, zaščitena območja NATURA 2000


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