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Title:Evaluation of policy and technical factors for the protection of karst aquifers
Authors:Kosič Ficco, Katarina (Author)
Sasowsky, Ira (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf Katarina_Kosic_Ficco.pdf (11,63 MB)
 
Language:English
Work type:Doctoral dissertation (mb31)
Tipology:2.08 - Doctoral Dissertation
Organization:FPŠ - Graduate School
Abstract:Karst aquifer protection remains inchoate. National and international legally-binding mechanisms rarely consider implementation of karst-specific measures for their evaluation and protection. Although developing suitable protection measures for karst aquifers is challenging because their variable character hampers implementation of generalized methods, it is not impossible. As presented in this dissertation, consideration of scientific aspects and inclusion of karst-specific evaluation methods is of great importance. However, the additional inclusion of socio-political aspects is also crucial for advances in karst aquifer protection. Analyses of current European Union and United States of America policies performed in this study have shown that they can provide valuable input regarding the topic. It is also clear that accounting for the interests of affected entities, such as policy-makers, stakeholders and the public, is critical. Satisfying their needs, and assuring their understanding of karst aquifers, can ease and improve implementations of adopted measures. By recognizing these aspects, an interdisciplinary framework for karst aquifer protection was developed, and is presented in this study. The so-called K-framework, developed as a checklist, assures implementation of necessary steps for comprehensive karst aquifer evaluation and management. It further defines how each entity can contribute to the process by providing their knowledge, and allocates responsibilities of each sphere. An important attribute of the proposed framework is that it can be used on varying karst terrains and for various impacts that might threaten karst aquifers. Additionally, it is cost- and time-efficient, while still considering important aspects of karst and insuring the inclusion of important affected parties.
Keywords:aquifer, groundwater, karst, protection, environmental legislation, confined animal feeding operation, vulnerability mapping
Year of publishing:2019
Source:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:5405435 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:T1QW5LHK
Views:2510
Downloads:99
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Ovrednotenje političnih in tehničnih dejavnikov za zaščito kraških vodonosnikov
Abstract:Zaščita kraških vodonosnikov ostaja pomanjkljiva. Državni in meddržavni zavezujoči mehanizmi redko zagotavljajo vključitev metod, primernih za ovrednotenje ter zaščito krasa. Čeprav oblikovanje primernih ukrepov za zaščito kraških vodonosnikov predstavlja izziv, saj njihove spremenljive značilnosti otežujejo izvajanje posplošenih metod, oblikovanje primernih metod ni nemogoče. Kot je predstavljeno v tej disertaciji, sta vključitev znanstvenih vidikov in metod primernih za ovrednotenje kraških vodonosnikov, izredno pomembni. Vendar je dodatno upoštevanje socio-političnih vidikov ključnega pomena za zagotovitev napredka na področju zaščite kraških vodonosnikov. Analize obstoječih politik Evropske Unije ter Združenih Držav Amerike, izvedene v tej študiji, so pokazale, da le-te lahko prispevajo dragocene informacije na temo. Poleg tega je prikazano, da je upoštevanje interesov prizadetih deležnikov, kot so oblikovalci politik, javnost ter druge zainteresirane skupine, neizmerno pomembno. Zadovoljitev njihovih potreb ter zagotavljanje njihovega razumevanja kraških vodonosnikov lahko olajšata in izboljšata izvajanje primernih zaščitnih metod. Upoštevanje teh dejavnikov je omogočilo oblikovanje med-disciplinarnega okvira za zaščito kraških vodonosnikov, ki je predstavljen v tej študiji. Tako imenovani K-okvir, oblikovan kot kontrolni seznam, zagotavlja izvajanje korakov potrebnih za izčrpno ovrednotenje ter upravljanje kraških vodonosnikov. Poleg tega določa, kako vsak deležnik lahko prispeva svoje znanje k procesu ter opredeli njihove dolžnosti. Pomemben atribut tovrstnega okvira je, da se ga lahko izvaja na različnih kraških pokrajinah in za raznovrstne vplive, ki bi lahko ogrožali kraške vodonosnike. Poleg tega je časovno in stroškovno sprejemljiv ter istočasno upošteva posebnosti kraških vodonosnikov in zagotavlja vključitev vseh pomembnih prizadetih deležnikov.
Keywords:vodonosnik, podtalnica, kras, zaščita, okoljska zakonodaja, industrijska farma, kartiranje ranljivosti


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