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Title:Arthropod biodiversity associated to European sheep grazed pastures
Authors:Peric, Tanja (Authorship owner)
Rosa García, Rocio (Author)
Peric, Tanja (Author)
et al.
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Language:English
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.12 - Published Scientific Conference Contribution Abstract
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:We analysed the biodiversity of foliage arthropods in nine sheep grazed pasturelands in five European countries. During the maximum flowering period in 2018, entomofauna was collected in 4-6 areas within each pasture, performing 6 transects/area and 25 sweeps per transect. Multivariate analyses tested the differences in total arthropod community composition among degrees of intensification, bioregions and types of pastures. A total of 51,474 arthropods from 3 classes, 17 orders and 95 taxonomical groups were recorded. Univariate analyses revealed that total arthropod abundance was higher in extensive than in intensive systems (P<0.01). It also differed between bioregions (higher in Alpine than in Continental, P<0.05) and between types of pastures (higher in mountain than in lowland pastures where animals are supplemented, P<0.05). Total taxa richness was not influenced by any of the three factors. However, multivariate analyses indicated that community composition differed among intensive and extensive systems, bioregions and types of pastures (P<0.001). The greatest differences occurred between Alpine and Mediterranean (P<0.001), and Mediterranean and Continental pastures (P<0.05), as well as between lowland seminatural and improved pastures (P<0.05), and seminatural and mountain pastures (P<0.001). These results reveal the complex and varied communities associated to the diverse sheep systems and valorise the role of the more extensive, mountain and natural pastures for the conservation of biodiversity in sheep grazed areas.
Keywords:Arthropods, Biodiversity, Sustainability, Management
Year of publishing:2019
Number of pages:219
COBISS_ID:5473019 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:N1PVNRYT
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Record is a part of a monograph

Title:BOOK OF ABSTRACTS – LIVRE DE RESUMÉS Joint Meeting of the FAO-CIHEAM Network for Research and Development in Sheep and Goats (Subnetworks on Nutrition and Production Systems) and the FAO-CIHEAM Subnetwork for the Research and Development of Mediterranean Pasture and Forage Resources
Subtitle:Efficiency and resilience of forage resources and small ruminant production to cope with global challenges in Mediterranean areas
Publisher:Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès
Conference organizer:Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès
Place of publishing:Meknès, Morocco
Year of publishing:2019

Document is financed by a project

Funder:EC - Evropska skupnost (EC)
Funding Programme:H2020 - Hoizon 2020 Programme funded by European Commission
Project no.:696231
Name:Holistic Production to Reduce the Ecological Footprint of Meat
Acronym:EcoLamb
Project ID:info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/696231

Secondary language

Language:French
Title:Biodiversité associée aux pâturages de moutons européens
Abstract:Nous avons analysé la biodiversité des arthropodes du feuillage dans neuf pâturages situés dans cinq pays européens et pâturés par des moutons. La faune a été collectée dans 4-6 zones de chaque pâturage, effectuant 6 transects/zone et 25 balayages/transect. 51 474 arthropodes de 3 classes, 17 ordres et 95 groupes taxonomiques ont été enregistrés. Des analyses univariées ont révélé que l’abondance d’arthropodes était plus élevée dans les systèmes extensifs que dans les intensifs (P<0,01). Il diffère également entre les biorégions (plus élevées dans les Alpes que dans les Continentales, P<0,05) et entre les types de pâturages (plus élevées dans les pâturages de montagne que dans les plaines où les animaux sont supplémentés, P<0,05). La richesse totale des taxons n’a pas été influencée par aucun des trois facteurs. Les analyses multivariées ont indiqué que la composition de la communauté différait entre les systèmes intensifs et extensifs, les biorégions et les types de pâturages (P<0,001). Les différences les plus marquées ont été observées entre les pâturages alpins et méditerranéens (P<0,001), méditerranéens et continentaux (P<0,05), ainsi qu’entre les pâturages semi-naturels et améliorés des plaines (P<0,05). Ces résultats révèlent les communautés complexes et variées associées aux divers systèmes ovins et valorisent le rôle des pâturages plus étendus, montagnards et naturels, pour la conservation de la biodiversité dans les zones de pâturage ovin.
Keywords:Arthropodes, La biodiversité, La durabilité, La gestion


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