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Slovene scientists during World War II : The life trajectories of Maks Samec, Fran Ramovš and Ljudmila Dolar Mantuani, and the impact of World War II on their careers
Željko Oset, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the impact of World War II and its aftermath on the Slovene intellectual elite within Slovene national institutions, e.g., the University of Ljubljana and the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts. The focus is on the life trajectories of three prominent professors of the University of Ljubljana, among whom two were also members of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts. They were selected due to their prominence, scientific field (natural sciences and humanities), and gender. Case studies can provide a better understanding of decisions, doubts, and anguish of individual scientists, while testy about the general mood among intellectuals. Everyone tried to find their way through the war and repression in different ways. Due to their position in society, the intellectuals were more protected than the general public, but even then they were under pressure to proclaim loyalty to the occupation authorities, and after a while denounce the liberation movement. After the war, their lives, connections and wartime actions were placed under the microscope by the new Communist authorities.
Keywords: World War II, Slovene culture, University of Ljubljana, Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts, Maks Samec, Fran Ramovš, Ljudmila Dolar Mantuani
Published in RUNG: 06.04.2020; Views: 3171; Downloads: 0
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Life trajectories of three professors of the University of Ljubljana : The impact of the Second World War on their careers
Željko Oset, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract (invited lecture)

Abstract: The paper focuses on careers and life trajectories of three university professor of University of Ljubljana: Fran Ramovš (1890-1952, slavicist, assistant professor in University of Graz – 1917-1918, a professor at the University of Ljubljana – 1919-1950, rector of the University of Ljubljana – 1934/1935, president of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts – 1950-1952), Maks Samec (1881-1964, chemist, a professor at the University of Ljubljana – 1919-1945, rector of University of Ljubljana – 1935-1937, purged from the University after Second World War but later became head of the newly established Institute of Chemistry at the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts – 1946-1964) and Ljudmila Dolar Mantuani (1906-1988, geologist, in 1940 became Assistant Professor, and before the end of the war in 1945 emigrated to Canada where she established herself in the private sector.
Keywords: The University of Ljubljana, the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, academic freedom, World War II
Published in RUNG: 17.09.2018; Views: 3983; Downloads: 0
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