1. Gaia22dkvLb : a microlensing planet potentially accessible to radial-velocity characterizationZexuan Wu, Subo Dong, Tuan Yi, Zhuokai Liu, Kareem El-Badry, Andrew Gould, Łukasz Wyrzykowski, K. A. Rybicki, Mateusz Bronikowski, 2024, original scientific article Abstract: We report discovering an exoplanet from following up a microlensing event alerted by Gaia. The event Gaia22dkv is toward a disk source rather than the traditional bulge microlensing fields. Our primary analysis yields a Jovian planet with M_p = 0.59 (+0.15, -0.05) M_J at a projected orbital separation r_perpendicular = 1.4 (+0.8, -0.3) au, and the host is a ∼1.1 M⊙ turnoff star at ∼1.3 kpc. At r' ~= 14, the host is far brighter than any previously discovered microlensing planet host, opening up the opportunity to test the microlensing model with radial velocity (RV) observations. RV data can be used to measure the planet's orbital period and eccentricity, and they also enable searching for inner planets of the microlensing cold Jupiter, as expected from the "inner–outer correlation" inferred from Kepler and RV discoveries. Furthermore, we show that Gaia astrometric microlensing will not only allow precise measurements of its angular Einstein radius θ_E but also directly measure the microlens parallax vector and unambiguously break a geometric light-curve degeneracy, leading to the definitive characterization of the lens system. Keywords: gravitational microlensing exoplanet detection, planetary astrophysics, astrophysics of galaxies, instrumentation astrophysics, methods for astrophysics, solar astrophysics, stellar astrophysics Published in RUNG: 23.08.2024; Views: 356; Downloads: 4 Full text (5,11 MB) This document has many files! More... |
2. |
3. Testing the predictions of axisymmetric distribution functions of galactic dark matter with hydrodynamical simulationsMihael Petač, Julien Lavalle, Arturo Núñez-Castiñeyra, Emmanuel Nezri, 2021, original scientific article Abstract: Signal predictions for galactic dark matter (DM) searches often rely on assumptions regarding the DM phase-space distribution function (DF) in halos. This applies to both particle (e.g. p-wave suppressed or Sommerfeld-enhanced annihilation, scattering off atoms, etc.) and macroscopic DM candidates (e.g. microlensing of primordial black holes). As experiments and observations improve in precision, better assessing theoretical uncertainties becomes pressing in the prospect of deriving reliable constraints on DM candidates or trustworthy hints for detection. Most reliable predictions of DFs in halos are based on solving the steady-state collisionless Boltzmann equation (e.g. Eddington-like inversions, action-angle methods, etc.) consistently with observational constraints. One can do so starting from maximal symmetries and a minimal set of degrees of freedom, and then increasing complexity. Key issues are then whether adding complexity, which is computationally costy, improves predictions, and if so where to stop. Clues can be obtained by making predictions for zoomed-in hydrodynamical cosmological simulations in which one can access the true (coarse-grained) phase-space information. Here, we test an axisymmetric extension of the Eddington inversion to predict the full DM DF from its density profile and the total gravitational potential of the system. This permits to go beyond spherical symmetry, and is a priori well suited for spiral galaxies. We show that axisymmetry does not necessarily improve over spherical symmetry because the (observationally unconstrained) angular momentum of the DM halo is not generically aligned with the baryonic one. Theoretical errors are similar to those of the Eddington inversion though, at the 10-20% level for velocity-dependent predictions related to particle DM searches in spiral galaxies. We extensively describe the approach and comment on the results. Keywords: galaxy dynamics, dark matter experiments, dark matter simulations, dark matter theory, cosmology, nongalactic astrophysics, astrophysics of galaxies, high energy physics Published in RUNG: 01.10.2021; Views: 2540; Downloads: 66 Link to full text This document has many files! More... |
4. Two-integral distribution functions in axisymmetric galaxies: Implications for dark matter searchesMihael Petač, Piero Ullio, 2019, original scientific article Abstract: We address the problem of reconstructing the phase-space distribution function for an extended collisionless system, with known density profile and in equilibrium within an axisymmetric gravitational potential. Assuming that it depends on only two integrals of motion, namely the energy and the component of the angular momentum along the axis of symmetry Lz , there is a one-to-one correspondence between the density profile and the component of the distribution function that is even in Lz, as well as between the weighted azimuthal velocity profile and the odd component. This inversion procedure was originally proposed by Lynden-Bell and later refined in its numerical implementation by Hunter and Qian; after overcoming a technical difficulty, we apply it here for the first time in presence of a strongly flattened component, as a novel approach of extracting the phase-space distribution function for dark matter particles in the halo of spiral galaxies. We compare results obtained for realistic axisymmetric models to those in the spherical symmetric limit as assumed in previous analyses, showing the rather severe shortcomings in the latter. We then apply the scheme to the Milky Way and discuss the implications for the direct dark matter searches. In particular, we reinterpret the null results of the Xenon1T experiment for spin-(in)dependent interactions and make predictions for the annual modulation of the signal for a set of axisymmetric models, including a self-consistently defined corotating halo. Keywords: dark matter, astrophysics of galaxies, high energy physics, phenomenology Published in RUNG: 01.10.2021; Views: 2431; Downloads: 0 This document has many files! More... |
5. Equilibrium axisymmetric halo model for the Milky Way and its implications for direct and indirect dark matter searchesMihael Petač, 2020, original scientific article Abstract: We for the first time provide self-consistent axisymmetric phase-space distribution models for the Milky Way's dark matter (DM) halo which are carefully matched against the latest kinematic measurements through Bayesian analysis. By using broad priors on the individual galactic components, we derive conservative estimates for the astrophysical factors entering the interpretation of direct and indirect DM searches. While the resulting DM density profiles are in good agreement with previous studies, implying ρ⊙≈10-2 M⊙/pc3, the presence of baryonic disc leads to significant differences in the local DM velocity distribution in comparison with the standard halo model. For direct detection, this implies roughly 30% stronger cross section limits at DM masses near detectors maximum sensitivity and up to an order of magnitude weaker limits at the lower end of the mass range. Furthermore, by performing Monte Carlo simulations for the upcoming DARWIN and DarkSide-20k experiments, we demonstrate that upon successful detection of heavy DM with coupling just below the current limits, the carefully constructed axisymmetric models can eliminate bias and reduce uncertainties by more then 50% in the reconstructed DM coupling and mass, but also help in a more reliable determination of the scattering operator. Furthermore, the velocity anisotropies induced by the baryonic disc can lead to significantly larger annual modulation amplitude and sizable differences in the directional distribution of the expected DM-induced events. For indirect searches, we provide the differential J factors and compute several moments of the relative velocity distribution that are needed for predicting the rate of velocity-dependent annihilations. However, we find that accurate predictions are still hindered by large uncertainties regarding the DM distribution near the galactic center. Keywords: dark matter, astrophysics, galaxies, high energy physics, experiments, phenomenology Published in RUNG: 01.10.2021; Views: 2424; Downloads: 42 Link to full text This document has many files! More... |
6. A Search for Ultra-high-energy Neutrinos from TXS 0506+056 Using the Pierre Auger ObservatoryA. Aab, Andrej Filipčič, Gašper Kukec Mezek, Samo Stanič, Marta Trini, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, Lukas Zehrer, 2020, original scientific article Keywords: ultra-high energy neutrinos, blazar TXS 0506+056, the Pierre Auger Observatory, high-energy astrophysics, neutrino astronomy, blazars, transient sources, active galaxies Published in RUNG: 20.10.2020; Views: 3570; Downloads: 0 This document has many files! More... |