Repository of University of Nova Gorica

Search the repository
A+ | A- | Help | SLO | ENG

Query: search in
search in
search in
search in
* old and bologna study programme


21 - 30 / 95
First pagePrevious page12345678910Next pageLast page
Sensitivity of the Cherenkov Telescope Array for probing cosmology and fundamental physics with gamma-ray propagation
H. Abdalla, H. Abe, F. Acero, A. Acharyya, R. Adam, Christopher Eckner, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Gabrijela Zaharijas, Marko Zavrtanik, Danilo Zavrtanik, Miha Živec, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), the new-generation ground-based observatory for γ astronomy, provides unique capabilities to address significant open questions in astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics. We study some of the salient areas of γ cosmology that can be explored as part of the Key Science Projects of CTA, through simulated observations of active galactic nuclei (AGN) and of their relativistic jets. Observations of AGN with CTA will enable a measurement of γ absorption on the extragalactic background light with a statistical uncertainty below 15% up to a redshift z=2 and to constrain or detect γ halos up to intergalactic-magnetic-field strengths of at least 0.3 pG . Extragalactic observations with CTA also show promising potential to probe physics beyond the Standard Model. The best limits on Lorentz invariance violation from γ astronomy will be improved by a factor of at least two to three. CTA will also probe the parameter space in which axion-like particles could constitute a significant fraction, if not all, of dark matter. We conclude on the synergies between CTA and other upcoming facilities that will foster the growth of γ cosmology.
Keywords: Cherenkov Telescope Array, active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray experiments, axions, extragalactic magnetic fields
Published in RUNG: 02.03.2021; Views: 1597; Downloads: 68
URL Link to full text
This document has many files! More...

Studying dark matter annihilation in Perseus galaxy cluster using very-high-energy gamma rays : master's thesis
Nemanja Ivković, 2020, master's thesis

Keywords: dark matter, gamma-ray astrophysics
Published in RUNG: 01.03.2021; Views: 1779; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

Observations of the origin of downward terrestrial gamma-ray flashes
J. W. Belz, P. R. Krehbiel, J. Remington, M. A. Stanley, R. U. Abbasi, R. LeVon, W. Rison, D. Rodeheffer, T. Abu-Zayyad, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper we report the first close, high‐resolution observations of downward‐directed terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes (TGFs) detected by the large‐area Telescope Array cosmic ray observatory, obtained in conjunction with broadband VHF interferometer and fast electric field change measurements of the parent discharge. The results show that the TGFs occur during strong initial breakdown pulses (IBPs) in the first few milliseconds of negative cloud‐to‐ground and low‐altitude intracloud flashes and that the IBPs are produced by a newly identified streamer‐based discharge process called fast negative breakdown. The observations indicate the relativistic runaway electron avalanches (RREAs) responsible for producing the TGFs are initiated by embedded spark‐like transient conducting events (TCEs) within the fast streamer system and potentially also by individual fast streamers themselves. The TCEs are inferred to be the cause of impulsive sub‐pulses that are characteristic features of classic IBP sferics. Additional development of the avalanches would be facilitated by the enhanced electric field ahead of the advancing front of the fast negative breakdown. In addition to showing the nature of IBPs and their enigmatic sub‐pulses, the observations also provide a possible explanation for the unsolved question of how the streamer to leader transition occurs during the initial negative breakdown, namely, as a result of strong currents flowing in the final stage of successive IBPs, extending backward through both the IBP itself and the negative streamer breakdown preceding the IBP.
Keywords: terrestrial gamma-ray flashes, lightning, fast breakdown, initial breakdown pulse, atmospheric electricity, transient conducting events
Published in RUNG: 04.02.2021; Views: 1776; Downloads: 18
URL Link to full text
This document has many files! More...

High-energy emission from a magnetar giant flare in the Sculptor galaxy
Gabrijela Zaharijas, 2021, original scientific article

Keywords: magnetars, gamma-ray astronomy, transients
Published in RUNG: 14.01.2021; Views: 1509; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

On the GeV Emission of the Type I BdHN GRB 130427A
Remo Ruffini, Rahim Moradi, Jorge Armando Rueda, Carlo Luciano Bianco, Christian Cherubini, Simonetta Filippi, Yen-Chen Chen, Mile Karlica, Narek Sahakyan, Yu Wang, She Sheng Xue, Laura Beccera, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: We propose that the inner engine of a type I binary-driven hypernova (BdHN) is composed of Kerr black hole (BH) in a non-stationary state, embedded in a uniform magnetic field B_0 aligned with the BH rotation axis and surrounded by an ionized plasma of extremely low density of 10^−14 g cm−3. Using GRB 130427A as a prototype, we show that this inner engine acts in a sequence of elementary impulses. Electrons accelerate to ultrarelativistic energy near the BH horizon, propagating along the polar axis, θ = 0, where they can reach energies of ~10^18 eV, partially contributing to ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays. When propagating with $\theta \ne 0$ through the magnetic field B_0, they produce GeV and TeV radiation through synchroton emission. The mass of BH, M = 2.31M ⊙, its spin, α = 0.47, and the value of magnetic field B_0 = 3.48 × 10^10 G, are determined self consistently to fulfill the energetic and the transparency requirement. The repetition time of each elementary impulse of energy ${ \mathcal E }\sim {10}^{37}$ erg is ~10^−14 s at the beginning of the process, then slowly increases with time evolution. In principle, this "inner engine" can operate in a gamma-ray burst (GRB) for thousands of years. By scaling the BH mass and the magnetic field, the same inner engine can describe active galactic nuclei.
Keywords: black hole physics, binaries, gamma-ray burst, neutron stars, supernovae, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
Published in RUNG: 20.07.2020; Views: 2091; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

Fermi Large Area Telescope fourth source catalog
S. Abdollahi, F. Acero, M. Ajello, W. B. Atwood, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, Gabrijela Zaharijas, 2020, original scientific article

Keywords: astronomy, gamma rays, sky surveys
Published in RUNG: 22.05.2020; Views: 2140; Downloads: 196
URL Link to full text
This document has many files! More...

TeV dark matter search at the Galactic center with the CTA
Gabrijela Zaharijas, unpublished invited conference lecture

Keywords: gamma rays, dark matter, Cherenkov Telescope Array
Published in RUNG: 16.05.2020; Views: 1962; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

Search done in 0.06 sec.
Back to top