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Engineering of functional nanosnowflakes from gold nanocarriers capped with amino-modified DNA oligonucleotides
Alexandre Loukanov, Velichka Arahangelova, Saim Emin, Chavdar Filipov, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Abstract The design, engineering and electron microscopic characterization of anisotropic nanosized snowflake‐like structural assemblies (nanosnowflakes) is reported. They were fabricated through immobilization of double stranded amine‐modified and thiol‐terminated DNA oligonucleotides on the surface of ultra‐small isotropic gold nanoparticles used as nanocarriers. The transmission electron microscopy images combined with spectrophotometric data revealed the formation of self‐assembled structural aggregation between individual ligands‐coated nanoparticles. They act as seeds for the further spontaneous dendritic growth in different directions. Their anisotropic morphology is formed due to the occurrence of facilitated electrostatic interactions between positive charged amino‐groups and the negative sugar‐phosphate backbone of oligonucleotides. Thus, nanosnowflakes with size distribution between 40 and 80 nm were obtained. The microscopic analysis demonstrated also that the stable nanosnowflakes structure was highly dependent on the solution ionic strength, which effect the charge fluctuation within the assembly. The reported DNA functionalized nanostructures have potential to be applied as a platform for development of therapeutic materials, as well as drug delivery nanosystems. Research Highlights The engineering, fabrication, and microscopic characterization of DNA nanosnowflakes is reported. The electron microscopy analysis revealed formation of self‐assemblies with anisotropic morphology. The nanosnowflakes size distribution was between 40 and 80 nm.
Ključne besede: DNA, nanocarrier, functionalization, drug delivery
Objavljeno v RUNG: 18.03.2024; Ogledov: 424; Prenosov: 0
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Electron Microscopic Visualization of Complementary Labeled DNA With Platinum-Containing Guanine Derivative
Alexandre Loukanov, Chavdar Filipov, Polina Mladenova, Svetlin TOSHEV, Saim Emin, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The object of the present report is to provide a method for a visualization of DNA in TEM by complementary labeling of cytosine with guanine derivative, which contains platinum as contrast-enhanced heavy element. The stretched single-chain DNA was obtained by modifying double-stranded DNA. The labeling method comprises the following steps: (i) stretching and adsorption of DNA on the support film of an electron microscope grid (the hydrophobic carbon film holding negative charged DNA); (ii) complementary labeling of the cytosine bases from the stretched single-stranded DNA pieces on the support film with platinum containing guanine derivative to form base-specific hydrogen bond; and (iii) producing a magnified image of the base-specific labeled DNA. Stretched single-stranded DNA on a support film is obtained by a rapid elongation of DNA pieces on the surface between air and aqueous buffer solution. The attached platinum-containing guanine derivative serves as a high-dense marker and it can be discriminated from the surrounding background of support carbon film and visualized by use of conventional TEM observation at 100 kV accelerated voltage. This method allows examination of specific nucleic macromolecules through atom-by-atom analysis and it is promising way toward future DNA-sequencing or molecular diagnostics of nucleic acids by electron microscopic observation.
Ključne besede: DNA stretching and visualization, contrast-enhanced Pt-containing guanine, DNA sequences
Objavljeno v RUNG: 02.02.2017; Ogledov: 4988; Prenosov: 0
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