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1.
Efficient electrochemical nitrogen fixation at iron phosphide (Fe_2P) catalyst in alkaline medium
Beata Rytelewska, Anna Chmielnicka, Takwa Chouki, Magdalena Skunik-Nuckowka, Shaghayegh Naghdi, Dominik Eder, Aleksandra Michalowska, Tomasz Ratajczyk, Egon Pavlica, Saim Emin, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A catalytic system based on iron phosphide (Fe2P) has exhibited electrocatalytic activity toward N2-reduction reaction in alkaline medium (0.5 mol dm−3 NaOH). Based on voltammetric stripping-type electroanalytical measurements, Raman spectroscopic and spectrophotometric data, it can be stated that the Fe2P catalyst facilitates conversion of N2 to NH3, and the process is fairly selective with respect to the competing hydrogen evolution. A series of diagnostic electrocatalytic experiments (utilizing platinum nanoparticles and HKUST-1) have been proposed and performed to control purity of nitrogen gas and to probe presence of potential contaminants such as ammonia, nitrogen oxo-species and oxygen. On the whole, the results are consistent with the view that the interfacial reduced-iron (Fe0) centers, while existing within the network of P sites, induce activation and reduction of nitrogen, parallel to the water splitting (reduction) to hydrogen. It is apparent from Tafel plots and impedance measurements that mechanism and dynamics of nitrogen reduction depends on the applied electroreduction potential. The catalytic system exhibits certain tolerance with respect to the competitive hydrogen evolution and gives (during electrolysis at -0.4 V vs. RHE) the Faradaic efficiency, namely, the selectivity (molar) efficiency, toward production of NH3 on the level of 60%. Under such conditions, the NH3-yield rate has been found to be equal to 7.5 µmol cm−2 h−1 (21 µmol m−2 s−1). By referring to classic concepts of electrochemical kinetic analysis, the rate constant in heterogeneous units has been found to be on the moderate level of 1-2*10−4 cm s−1 (at -0.4 V). The above mentioned iron-phosphorous active sites, which are generated on surfaces of Fe2P particles, have also been demonstrated to exhibit strong catalytic properties during reductions of other electrochemically inert reactants, such as oxygen, nitrites and nitrates.
Ključne besede: nitrogen reduction, alkaline medium, iron phosphide catalyst, ammonia, electrochemical determinations
Objavljeno v RUNG: 30.11.2023; Ogledov: 416; Prenosov: 3
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2.
Effect of MXene interfacial layer on the field-effect mobility of a bottom-gate indacenodithiophene-benzothiadiazole copolymer field-effect transistor
Jurij Urbančič, Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, 2023, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Ključne besede: MXene, IDT-BT, OFET, mobility
Objavljeno v RUNG: 13.11.2023; Ogledov: 375; Prenosov: 2
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3.
Role of graphene topography in the initial stages of pentacene layer growth
Manisha Chhikara, Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: graphene, topography, pentacene layer growth
Objavljeno v RUNG: 25.08.2023; Ogledov: 554; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,75 MB)
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4.
Time-of-flight photoconductivity investigation of high charge carrier mobility in ▫$Ti_3C_2T_x$▫ MXenes thin-film
Jurij Urbančič, Erika Tomsic, Manisha Chhikara, Nadiia Pastukhova, Vadym Tkachuk, Alex Dixon, Andraž Mavrič, Payam Hashemi, Davood Sabaghi, Ali Shaygan Nia, Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Charge transport through a randomly oriented multilayered network of two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2Tx (where Tx is the surface termination and corresponds to O, OH and F) was studied using time-of-flight photoconductivity (TOFP) method, which is highly sensitive to the distribution of charge carrier velocities. We prepared samples comprising Ti3C2Tx with thickness of 12 nm or 6-monolayers. MXene flakes of size up to 16 μm were randomly deposited on the surface by spin-coating from water solution. Using TOFP, we have measured electron mobility that reached values up to 279 cm2/Vs and increase with electric-field in a Poole-Frenkel manner. These values are approximately 50 times higher than previously reported field-effect mobility. Interestingly, our zero-electric-field extrapolate approaches electron mobility measured using terahertz absorption method, which represents intra-flake transport. Our data suggest that macroscopic charge transport is governed by two distinct mechanisms. The high mobility values are characteristic for the intra-flake charge transport via the manifold of delocalized states. On the other hand, the observed Poole-Frenkel dependence of charge carrier mobility on the electric field is typical for the disordered materials and suggest the existence of an important contribution of inter-flake hopping to the overall charge transport.
Ključne besede: charge transport, multilayered network, flakes, time-of-flight photoconductivity, MXene exfoliation, high-mobility solution-cast thin-film, semiconducting MXene
Objavljeno v RUNG: 31.03.2023; Ogledov: 994; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,97 MB)

5.
Nanoscopic roughness characterization of chitosan with buried graphene oxide for fuel cell application
Ahmed Kreta, Egon Pavlica, Mojca Božič, Gvido Bratina, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Ključne besede: AFM, chitosan, graphene oxide, fuel cells, membrane, roughness
Objavljeno v RUNG: 01.03.2023; Ogledov: 1170; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,74 MB)
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Photoexcited charge mobility in quasi two-dimensional polyacetylene
Nadiia Pastukhova, Kejun Liu, Renhao Dong, Gvido Bratina, Xinliang Feng, Egon Pavlica, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Two-dimensional conjugated polymers (2DCPs) have been described and recognised as crystalline, one- to two-layer polymer nanosheets prepared by 2D covalent polymerization exhibiting strong in-plane π-electron delocalization with two orthogonal directions and weak out-of-plane π-π stacking.[1,2] The extension of polymer dimensionality into two dimensions improves the alignment of individual polymer sheets and overcomes the limitations associated with charge carrier hopping between polymer chains in one-dimensional and crosslinked polymers.[3] Compared to other two-dimensional materials such as graphene or transition metal dichalcogenides, 2DCPs offer a high degree of flexibility in chemical design and are compatible with liquid-based processing methods. Various 2DCPs have been synthesised by surfactant monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis (SMAIS).[5] Of particular interest is the photoresponse of these materials due to their tunable properties, such as bandgap and associated wavelength-dependent photoexcitation, which enables a wide range of applications in optoelectronic devices. Using time-of-flight photoconductivity (TOF-PC) measurements [4], we investigate the charge transport properties of 2D polyacetylene prepared by SMAIS method. We preform TOF-PC measurement of 2D polyacetylene using a focused nanosecond pulse laser at 325 nm and electrode separation of 250 µm. From the bias polarity and time duration of the photocurrent, we can determine the polarity, velocity and mobility of photoexcited charge carriers as a function of applied bias voltage and excitation wavelength. Using excitation at 325 m, we observed an electron mobility in the range of 150 cm2 V-1 s-1, which is in the realm of most advances small-molecule single-crystal organic semiconductors and almost an order of magnitude higher than linear polymeric semiconductors.
Ključne besede: Two-dimensional conjugated polymers, 2DCPs, 2Dpolymers, charge mobility, time-of-flight photoconductivity
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.11.2022; Ogledov: 855; Prenosov: 0
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10.
Enhancement of indacenodithiophene–benzothiadiazole copolymer field-effect mobility with MXenes
Jurij Urbančič, Nadiia Pastukhova, Manisha Chhikara, Hu Chen, Iain Mcculloch, Huanhuan Shi, Ali Shaygan Nia, Xinliang Feng, Egon Pavlica, Gvido Bratina, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: The predominant mode of charge carrier transport in thin layers of organic semiconductors (OSs) is thermally-activated hopping between localized states. This results in lower charge mobility compared to inorganic semiconductors precluding the use of OSs in high-speed electronic devices. Therefore, significant effort is invested to improve charge carrier mobility of OS thin layers, which form the basis of most of the organic electronic devices. Recent advances in the field of two-dimensional (2D) materials stimulated their use as addition to OS thin layers to boost the charge carrier mobility. MXenes promise to deliver most of the benefits of 2D materials coupled with large scale fabrication capability. Herein we examined Ti3C2X (X is O or OH group termination) MXene, as a candidate to improve charge carrier mobility in thin layer of indacenodithiophene-co-benzothiadiazole (IDTBT), a polymer exhibiting high electron mobility in defect-free crystalline layers. In our work we demonstrate that improvement in electron mobility in solution-cast IDTBT thin layers can be achieved by depositing a non-connected network of MXene flakes at the gate-dielectric/IDBT interface. Bottom-gate field-effect transistors (FETs) comprising of Au electrodes on n-doped silicon wafer covered with 230 nm of thermally deposited SiO2 were prepared and characterized. Charge carrier mobilities determined from transfer characteristics of FETs composing neat IDTBT channels were found to be in the range of 1 - 2×10−2 cm2/Vs. Devices comprising MXene flakes at the interface between SiO2 and IDTBT, instead exhibited a factor of four increase in electron mobility, while preserving the on/off ratio of 104.
Ključne besede: MXene, IDTBT, charge carrier mobility, OFET
Objavljeno v RUNG: 20.10.2022; Ogledov: 1000; Prenosov: 9
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