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Looking for Cognitive Foundations of Functional Sequences
Rok Žaucer, Petra Mišmaš, Franc Marušič, 2019, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: With the multiplication of various functional projections, syntactic structures became very complex entities. Approaches like Cartography (e.g. Cinque and Rizzi 2008) went one step further than most other approaches, proposing that each sentence comprises of a number of universal, strictly ordered functional projections. In the noun phrase, the strictly ordered functional projections are said to be responsible not only for the relative order of numerals, demonstratives and nouns (cf. Cinque 2005), but also for the universal order of various types of adjectives (cf. Hetzron 1978; Sproat and Shih 1991; Cinque 1994; Scott 2002, etc.). Cinque and Rizzi (2008) discuss possible origins of the many hierarchies of functional projections and suggest that they might derive from general cognition. If cognition and its restrictions are behind the hierarchy of functional projections, then the order of projections hosting adjectives should be reflected in various non-linguistic cognitive processes. We designed several experiments to test this hypothesis. Our experiments did not confirm our hypothesis; but as we have also identified problems in the design of our experiments, our results do not warrant a clear rejection of the hypothesis either.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: noun phrase, adjective ordering restrictions, functional hierarchy, experimental syntax, cognitive foundations of syntax
Objavljeno: 22.11.2019; Ogledov: 891; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (297,67 KB)

Do children use language structure to discover the recursive rules of counting?
Petra Mišmaš, Priyanka Biswas, Rok Žaucer, Franc Marušič, Jessica Sullivan, Rose M. Schneider, Vesna Plesničar, David Barner, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We test the hypothesis that children acquire knowledge of the successor function — a foundational principle stating that every natural number n has a successor n + 1 — by learning the productive linguistic rules that govern verbal counting. Previous studies report that speakers of languages with less complex count list morphology have greater counting and mathematical knowledge at earlier ages in comparison to speakers of more complex languages (e.g., Miller & Stigler, 1987). Here, we tested whether differences in count list transparency affected children’s acquisition of the successor function in three languages with relatively transparent count lists (Cantonese, Slovenian, and English) and two languages with relatively opaque count lists (Hindi and Gujarati). We measured 3.5- to 6.5-year-old children’s mastery of their count list’s recursive structure with two tasks assessing productive counting, which we then related to a measure of successor function knowledge. While the more opaque languages were associated with lower counting proficiency and successor function task performance in comparison to the more transparent languages, a unique within-language analytic approach revealed a robust relationship between measures of productive counting and successor knowledge in almost every language. We conclude that learning productive rules of counting is a critical step in acquiring knowledge of recursive successor function across languages, and that the timeline for this learning varies as a function of count list transparency.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Cross-linguistic Count list Successor function Natural number concepts Number acquisition Conceptual development
Objavljeno: 05.01.2020; Ogledov: 931; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,38 MB)

Advances in formal Slavic linguistics 2017
2020, zbornik recenziranih znanstvenih prispevkov na mednarodni ali tuji konferenci

Opis: Advances in Formal Slavic Linguistics 2017 is a collection of fifteen articles that were prepared on the basis of talks given at the conference Formal Description of Slavic Languages 12.5, which was held on December 7-9, 2017, at the University of Nova Gorica. The volume covers a wide array of topics, such as control verbs, instrumental arguments, and perduratives in Russian, comparatives, negation, n-words, negative polarity items, and complementizer ellipsis in Czech, impersonal se-constructions and complementizer doubling in Slovenian, prosody and the morphology of multi-purpose suffixes in Serbo-Croatian, and indefinite numerals and the binding properties of dative arguments in Polish. Importantly, by exploring these phenomena in individual Slavic languages, the collection of articles in this volume makes a significant contribution to both Slavic linguistics and to linguistics in general.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Slavic, linguistics, Formal Description of Slavic Languages, control verbs, instrumental arguments, perduratives, comparatives, negation, n-words, negative polarity items, complementizer ellipsis, impersonal se-constructions, complementizer doubling, indefinite numerals, binding, Russian, Czech, Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian, Polish
Objavljeno: 02.06.2020; Ogledov: 631; Prenosov: 30
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,12 MB)

Zakaj velika okrogla rdeča čestitka in ne rdeča velika okrogla čestitka? Poskus razlage nezaznamovane stave pridevnikov
Rok Žaucer, Petra Mišmaš, Franc Marušič, 2020, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Nezaznamovana stava kakovostnih pridevnikov znotraj levega prilastka je univerzalna. Pridevniki za velikost, obliko in barvo se tako najpogosteje pojavljajo ravno v tem vrstnem redu. V slovnici lahko ta vrstni red opišemo na različne načine, vendar mora jezikoslovje pojasniti tudi, od kod ta vrstni red izhaja. Da bi odgovorili na to vprašanje, se v prispevku omejimo na hipotezo, da je ta vrstni red osnovan na lastnostih nejezikovne kognicije. Predstavimo psihološki zaznavni eksperiment, s katerim smo hipotezo preverjali, in rezultate eksperimenta, ki hipotezo potrjujejo.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: kakovostni pridevniki, besedni red, izvor slovničnih pravil, slovnica in zunajjezikovna kognicija, tvorbena slovnica, kartografija
Objavljeno: 01.07.2020; Ogledov: 598; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (410,75 KB)

Resolucija o nacionalnem programu za jezikovno politiko 2019-2023
Rok Žaucer, 2019, elaborat, predštudija, študija

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Ključne besede: jezikovna politika, Slovenija, nacionalni programi
Objavljeno: 23.07.2020; Ogledov: 490; Prenosov: 0

“I can easily see how this came about”: Cyclical language change in Slovenian expression of modality
Franc Marušič, Rok Žaucer, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Ciklična jezikovna sprememba, modalnost, slovenščina
Objavljeno: 27.11.2020; Ogledov: 330; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (245,95 KB)

Do children derive exact meanings pragmatically? Evidence from a dual morphology language
David Barner, Longlong Wang, Dimitrios Skordos, Amanda Saksida, Jessica Sullivan, Rok Žaucer, Franc Marušič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Number words allow us to describe exact quantities like sixty-three and (exactly) one. How do we derive exact interpretations? By some views, these words are lexically exact, and are therefore unlike other grammatical forms in language. Other theories, however, argue that numbers are not special and that their exact interpretation arises from pragmatic enrichment, rather than lexically. For example, the word one may gain its exact interpretation because the presence of the immediate successor two licenses the pragmatic inference that one implies “one, and not two”. To investigate the possible role of pragmatic enrichment in the development of exact representations, we looked outside the test case of number to grammatical morphological markers of quantity. In particular, we asked whether children can derive an exact interpretation of singular noun phrases (e.g., “a button”) when their language features an immediate “successor” that encodes sets of two. To do this, we used a series of tasks to compare English-speaking children who have only singular and plural morphology to Slovenian-speaking children who have singular and plural forms, but also dual morphology, that is used when describing sets of two. Replicating previous work, we found that English-speaking preschoolers failed to enrich their interpretation of the singular and did not treat it as exact. New to the present study, we found that 4- and 5-year-old Slovenian-speakers who comprehended the dual treated the singular form as exact, while younger Slovenian children who were still learning the dual did not, providing evidence that young children may derive exact meanings pragmatically.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Acquisition of quantity expressions, Acquisition of exactness, Pragmatics of grammatical number, Inferences on quantity, Dual, Slovenian
Objavljeno: 13.12.2020; Ogledov: 366; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,33 MB)

Škrabčevi dnevi 11. Zbornik prispevkov s simpozija 2019
2021, zbornik recenziranih znanstvenih prispevkov na domači konferenci

Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: jezikoslovje, dialektologija, glasoslovje, oblikoslovje, normativistika, etimologija, usvajanje jezika, morfologija
Objavljeno: 28.01.2021; Ogledov: 263; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Polno besedilo (4,73 MB)

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