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Anisotropy studies of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays measured at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Josina Schulte, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Shima Ujjani Shivashankara, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Measurements of anisotropic arrival directions of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays provide important information for identifying their sources. On large scales, cosmic rays with energies above 8 EeV reveal a dipolar flux modulation in right ascension with a significance of 6.9 deg., with the dipole direction pointing 113◦ away from the Galactic center. This observation is explained by extragalactic origins. Also, model-independent searches for small- and intermediate-scale overdensities have been performed in order to unveil astrophysically interesting regions. On these scales, no statistically significant features could be detected. However, intermediate-scale analyses comparing the measured arrival directions with potential source catalogs show indications for a coincidence of the measured arrival directions with catalogs of starburst galaxies and the Centaurus A region. In this contribution, an overview of the studies regarding anisotropies of the arrival directions of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays measured at the Pierre Auger Observatory on different angular scales is presented and the current results are discussed.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, UHECR anisotropy studies, UHECR sources
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 901; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,01 MB)
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7.
With AugerPrime to the phase II of the Pierre Auger Observatory
Daniele Martello, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Shima Ujjani Shivashankara, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: AugerPrime, the upgrade of the Pierre Auger Observatory, is nearing completion and the Observatory is now prepared to collect physics data after the commissioning of the new components. The Pierre Auger Observatory has demonstrated, based on the data collected thus far, the existence of the cutoff in the spectrum with high accuracy. However, the origin of this cutoff remains incompletely understood. The upgraded Observatory is designed to address the unresolved questions regarding the nature of the cosmic ray flux cutoff thanks to its capability to disentangle the muon and electromagnetic components of extensive air showers. Furthermore, the measurement of the muon component at ground level can verify the accuracy of hadronic interaction models currently used. This presentation will provide an overview of the status of the Observatory and the accurate commissioning done before the start of the physics run. Furthermore, we will present the initial data from Phase II data mainly dedicated to proving the continuity of operation of the Observatory from Phase I to Phase II.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, AugerPrime detector upgrade, Pierre Auger data
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 864; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,23 MB)
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8.
Advances on the Pierre Auger outreach and education program
Gabriella Cataldi, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Shima Ujjani Shivashankara, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The Pierre Auger Observatory has implemented a novel method of astroparticle detection that combines various techniques and has an open data policy. The dissemination of information about the different astroparticle detection methods, ranging from surface water-Cherenkov detectors to underground scintillator detectors, is now possible due to access to specialized tools for data analysis. This allows for the introduction of the topic of astroparticles to teachers and students at different educational levels. This marks a significant moment for the Observatory. In this work, we will discuss the diverse outreach initiatives undertaken by the Observatory, which have facilitated interaction among members of the international collaboration and enabled collaborative actions between the permanent staff of the Observatory in Malargüe and other institutions worldwide through synchronous meetings. These programs provide visitors with the opportunity to explore the environment of secondary particle cascades produced by cosmic rays, leading to a record number of monthly visitors since the opening of the Observatory 25 years ago.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, Pierre Auger Outreach and Education program
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 783; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (719,11 KB)
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9.
Astrophysical interpretation of energy spectrum and mass composition of cosmic rays as measured at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Eleonora Guido, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Shima Ujjani Shivashankara, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The combined interpretation of the spectrum and composition measurements plays a key role in the quest for the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). The Pierre Auger Observatory, thanks to its huge exposure, provides the most precise measurement of the energy spectrum of UHECRs and the most reliable information on their composition, exploiting the distributions of the depth of maximum of the showers in the atmosphere. A combined fit of a simple astrophysical model of UHECR sources to the spectrum and mass composition measurements is used to evaluate the constraining power of the data measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory on the source properties. We find that our data across the “ankle” feature are well reproduced if two extragalactic populations of sources are considered, one emitting a very soft spectrum which dominates the region below the ankle, and the other taking over at energies above the ankle, with an intermediate mixed composition, a hard spectrum and a low rigidity cutoff. Interestingly, similar results can also be obtained if the medium-mass contribution at lower energy is provided by an additional galactic component.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, UHECR energy spectrum, UHECR mass composition
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 849; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (381,66 KB)
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10.
Latest results from the searches for ultra-high-energy photons and neutrinos at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Marcus Niechciol, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Shima Ujjani Shivashankara, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The Pierre Auger Observatory is the largest air-shower experiment in the world, offering an unprecedented exposure not only to ultra-high-energy (UHE, �>10^17 eV) cosmic rays, but also to UHE neutral particles, specifically photons and neutrinos. Since the beginning of data taking almost 20 years ago, a number of searches for UHE photons and neutrinos using the different detector systems of the Observatory have been carried out. These searches led to some of the most stringent upper limits on the diffuse—i.e., direction-independent, unresolved—fluxes of photons and neutrinos in the UHE regime. These limits severely constrain current models for the origin of UHE cosmic rays and underline the capabilities of the Pierre Auger Observatory and its leading role in the context of multimessenger astronomy at the highest energies. In this contribution, we give an overview of the current activities concerning searches for UHE photons and neutrinos in the data from the Pierre Auger Observatory. The latest results of the searches for diffuse fluxes of photons and neutrinos will be shown. Furthermore, the follow- up searches for UHE photons and neutrinos in association with transient events, such as gravitational wave events, will be summarized. In addition, future perspectives in view of the ongoing AugerPrime detector upgrade will be discussed, which will further improve the sensitivity of the Pierre Auger Observatory to neutral particles at the highest energies.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, ultra-high energy cosmic rays, AugerPrime, multimessenger astronomy
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 766; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (712,17 KB)
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