The Modal Cycle vs. Negation in SlovenianFranc Marušič
, Rok Žaucer
, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji
Opis: One of the possible ways of expressing possibility in affirmative
sentences in Slovenian is with a modal adverb that combines with a finite verb. Under negation, a modal auxiliary must be used instead of the modal adverb. The pattern with a modal adverb that combines with a finite verb is a peculiarity among other Slavic languages as well as European languages more generally (Hansen 2005, Olmen & Auwera, in press). Looking at diachronic data, which reveal an earlier stage without the modal adverb as well as a subsequent stage with cooccurrence of the modal adverb and the modal auxiliary, we propose that the change be analyzed in terms of the linguistic cycle (van Gelderen 2011), with the modal adverb originating as a reinforcer of the modal auxiliary and then grammaticalizing into a modal. The modal-adverb strategy could not generalize to contexts with sentential negation because of the hierarchical order of the relevant functional projections and the characteristics of the negative particle.
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Povzetek najdenega: ...affirmative
sentences in Slovenian is with a modal adverb that combines with a finite verb. Under...
Ključne besede: Modal adverb, modal cycle, linguistic cycle, Slovenian
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