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1.
The effect of bilingualism on the processing of scalar implicatures
Anne Reboul, Arthur Stepanov, Jacques Jayez, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Viviane Déprez, Anne Cheylus, Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Scalar implicatures have been extensively investigated in the experimental literature, but almost exclusively in monolingual speakers. Very little research has been conducted on the pragmatic abilities of multilingual populations, including early bilinguals to L2 learners, a gap the current study aims to remedy.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: L2 learning and early bilingualism, comprehension of scalar implicatures
Objavljeno: 22.04.2016; Ogledov: 3156; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (227,83 KB)

2.
L’impact de l’apprentissage d’une langue seconde sur les capacités pragmatiques : le cas des implicatures scalaires
Arthur Stepanov, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Jacques Jayez, Anne Cheylus, Sara Andreetta, Penka Stateva, Ludivine Dupuy, Anne Reboul, 2017, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: There is a vast amount of studies on some forms of implicit communication such as scalar implicatures by monolingual speakers, but few studies have been carried out on the pragmatic capacities of second language learners. The only available data have been collected in Slabakova (2010). This study has shown that L2 learners are more pragmatic than L1 speakers by interpreting a scalar term in their L2. However the replicability of the results has been called into question because of methodological issues and conclusions ignoring empirical data on cognitive processing of scalar implicatures. We therefore used the same experimental material as Slabakova (2010) but improved the methodology and asked two groups of L2 French learners to make a sentence verification task. After a short context, they had to judge an underinformative sentence based on the scalar terms , (). The L2 learners have been tested in their two languages and compared to a sample of French monolinguals. The results of Slabakova (2010) have been replicated since the L2 learners make more inferences in French as monolinguals do. Our results also show that the L2 learners more often derive implicatures in their L1 than monolinguals in the same L1. This suggests that learning a second language has an impact on the way to communicate not only in the L2 but also in the L1.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: pragmatic abilities, scalar implicatures, L2 bilingualism
Objavljeno: 07.12.2017; Ogledov: 2230; Prenosov: 120
.pdf Polno besedilo (806,33 KB)

3.
Children's early bilingualism and musical training influence prosodic discrimination of sentences in an unknown language
Artur Stepanov, Matic Pavlič, Penka Stateva, Anne Reboul, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study investigated whether early bilingualism and early musical training positively influence the ability to discriminate between prosodic patterns corresponding to different syntactic structures in otherwise phonetically identical sentences in an unknown language. In a same-different discrimination task, participants (N = 108) divided into four groups (monolingual non-musicians, monolingual musicians, bilingual non-musicians, and bilingual musicians) listened to pairs of short sentences in a language unknown to them (French). In discriminating phonetically identical but prosodically different sentences, musicians, bilinguals, and bilingual musicians outperformed the controls. However, there was no interaction between bilingualism and musical training to suggest an additive effect. These results underscore the significant role of both types of experience in enhancing the listeners' sensitivity to prosodic information.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: prosody, bilingualism, same-different task, French, musical training, acoustics, brain
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 2234; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (271,66 KB)

4.
Pragmatic abilities in bilinguals
Ludivine Dupuy, Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, Anne Cheylus, Viviane Déprez, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Jacques Jayez, Arthur Stepanov, Anne Colette Reboul, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The experimental literature on the pragmatic abilities of bilinguals is rather sparse. The only study investigating adult second language (L2) learners ( Slabakova, 2010 ) found an increase of pragmatic responses in that population relative to monolinguals. The results of studies on early bilingual children are unclear, some finding a significant increase in pragmatic responses in early bilingual children (preschoolers) relative to monolinguals ( Siegal et al., 2007 ), while another ( Antoniou and Katsos, 2017 ), testing school children, does not. We tested adult French L2 learners of English and Spanish (in their two languages) as well as French monolingual controls in Experiment 1 and Italian-Slovenian early bilingual children (in both languages) and Slovenian monolingual controls in Experiment 2. Our results were similar to those of Antoniou and Katsos (2017) in early bilingual children, but different from those of Siegal et al. (2007) . We found no pragmatic bias in adult L2 leaners relative to adult monolinguals.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: quantifier, scalar implicature, L2 learner, bilingualism
Objavljeno: 17.01.2018; Ogledov: 1963; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,10 MB)

5.
Do bilinguals and musicians have better ears?
Artur Stepanov, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ... bilingualism, music, perception, discrimination task, syntax...
Ključne besede: bilingualism, music, perception, discrimination task, syntax
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 2063; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (493,93 KB)

6.
Anomaly detection in processing of complex syntax by early L2 learners
Artur Stepanov, Sara Andreetta, Penka Stateva, Adam Zawiszewski, Itziar Laka, 35, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study investigates the processing of long-distance syntactic dependencies by native speakers of Slovenian (L1) who are advanced learners of Italian as a second language (L2), compared with monolingual Italian speakers. Using a self-paced reading task, we compare sensitivity of the early-acquired L2 learners to syntactic anomalies in their L2 in two empirical domains: (1) syntactic islands, for which the learners’ L1 and L2 grammars provide a converging characterization, and (2) verb–clitic constructions, for which the respective L1 and L2 grammatical descriptions diverge. We find that although our L2 learners show native-like processing patterns in the former, converging, grammatical domain, they may nevertheless perform non-native-like with respect to syntactic phenomena in which the L1 and L2 grammars do not align, despite the early age of L2 acquisition. Implications for theories of L2 acquisition and endstate are discussed.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ... bilingualism, clitic, Italian, sentence processing, Slovenian, syntactic island...
Ključne besede: bilingualism, clitic, Italian, sentence processing, Slovenian, syntactic island
Objavljeno: 21.02.2019; Ogledov: 1963; Prenosov: 66
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

7.
“Monolingual and bilingual use of the maximize presupposition principle”
Penka Stateva, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: This talk is an experimental investigation of the status of Maximize presupposition as an operative pragmatic principle that regulates speakers’ preferences among semantically equivalent attitude reports. We present results from two acquisitional studies. The first study explores sensitivity of 5 and 7-year old Slovenian-speaking children to the principle from a developmental perspective. The second study examines the influence of bilingualism on the use of this principle by comparing monolingual Slovenian and Italian children to early bilingual children acquiring both languages. The results suggest that while even the youngest children demonstrate adherence to Maximize presupposition in an adult-like manner, bilingualism affects performance in pragmatic tasks and constitutes a potential advantage in the relevant area.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...The second study examines the influence of bilingualism on the use of this principle by...
Ključne besede: bilingualism, pragmatic ability, implicated presupposition, Maximize presupposition, attitude verbs
Objavljeno: 10.05.2021; Ogledov: 555; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (148,76 KB)

8.
Bilinguhildren's use of the Maximiza Presupposition Principle
Penka Stateva, Sara Andreetta, Anne Reboul, Arthur Stepanov, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article reports the results of an experimental study that examines the influence of bilingualism on the acquisition and use of the Maximize Presupposition principle in the context of speakers’ choices among propositional attitude predicates (equivalent to) know and think. We compared the performance of monolingual Slovenian- and Italian-speaking school children to that of age-matched early bilingual children speaking both languages. Our findings suggest that while all children demonstrate adherence to Maximize Presupposition in an adult-like manner, bilingualism may enhance performance in pragmatic tasks that bear on this principle, and therefore constitutes a potential advantage in the relevant area.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...experimental study that examines the influence of bilingualism on the acquisition and use of the...
Ključne besede: Maximize Presupposition, implicature, presupposition, Italian, Slovenian, bilingualism
Objavljeno: 12.07.2021; Ogledov: 321; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,91 MB)

9.
Developmental aspects of Maximize Presupposition
Penka Stateva, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci (vabljeno predavanje)

Opis: In this talk I present the results of an experimental study of young children's acquisition and use of the principle Maximize Presupposition (MP) in the context of the propositional attitude predicates (equivalent to) know and think. MP operates in the domain of pragmatics in order to distinguish among semantically equivalent propositions which have different presuppositional load in a given context (Heim 1991, Sauerland 2008). Given its nature, demonstrating a speaker’s sensitivity to MP is contingent on knowledge about presuppositional content within a relevant set of alternatives. We use a felicity judgement task to test the ability of 5- and 7-year-old Slovenian-speaking children to derive the factive presupposition of know and the pragmatic inference trigerred by think in accord with MP. The older group of children outperformed the younger group in both conditions manifesting a ceiling performance, while the younger group showed a more mixed pattern. Our results suggest that the anti-factivity inference is mastered on a par with the ability to derive the presupposition of factivity, as predicted by contemporary pragmatic theories. The discussion will also include questions about the influence of bilingualism on developing pragmatic abilities, negative transfer in the domain of pragmatics and its dependence on cross-linguistic morpho-syntactic variation among translational equivalents.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...also include questions about the influence of bilingualism on developing pragmatic abilities, negative transfer in...
Ključne besede: Maximize Presupposition, implicated presupposition, early bilingualism, language acquisition, attitude verb
Objavljeno: 15.09.2021; Ogledov: 224; Prenosov: 6
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

10.
Reading between the lines
Greta Mazzaggio, 2018, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This thesis' aim is to add some pieces to the complex puzzle on the mechanism behind the comprehension of conversational implicatures. To do so, in a series of experiment we manipulated both the type of implicatures (scalar vs. ad-hoc) and the population under investigation (typical vs. atypical; children vs. adults).
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...scalar implicatures, experimental pragmatics, autism developmental disorder, bilingualism, typically developing children, theory of mind, dissertations...
Ključne besede: scalar implicatures, experimental pragmatics, autism developmental disorder, bilingualism, typically developing children, theory of mind, dissertations
Objavljeno: 20.09.2021; Ogledov: 220; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,98 MB)

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