Repozitorij Univerze v Novi Gorici

Iskanje po repozitoriju
A+ | A- | Pomoč | SLO | ENG

Iskalni niz: išči po
išči po
išči po
išči po
* po starem in bolonjskem študiju

Opcije:
  Ponastavi


1 - 10 / 23
Na začetekNa prejšnjo stran123Na naslednjo stranNa konec
1.
Regenerated cellulose films with chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol: Effect of the moisture content on the barrier, mechanical and optical properties
Gonzalo Velazquez, Manuel Vazquez, Patricia Cazon, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of moisture content on the mechanical, barrier and optical properties of films obtained from regenerated cellulose with chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol equilibrated at several relative humidity conditions. The experimental moisture adsorption isotherms were fitted using the Guggenheim-Anderson-DeBoer model. The adsorption isotherm showed a typical type II sigmoidal shape. The highest moisture content (27.53 %) was obtained at a water activity of 0.9. The water vapour permeability values increased up to 6.34·10−11 g/ m s Pa as the moisture content of the films increased. Tensile strength, percentage of elongation, Young’s modulus, burst strength and distance to burst showed a significant plasticizing effect of the water molecules. Results suggest that interactions between film components and water molecules decrease the transmittance in the UV region and the transparency. Consequently, water molecules improve the UV-barrier properties of the films and increasing the opacity.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...several relative humidity conditions. The experimental moisture adsorption isotherms were fitted using the Guggenheim-Anderson-DeBoer model....
Ključne besede: Adsorption isotherms, Plasticization, Regenerated cellulose, Chitosan, Polyvinyl alcohol, Water vapour permeability, Moisture content
Objavljeno: 09.12.2020; Ogledov: 758; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (588,35 KB)

2.
UV-protecting films based on bacterial cellulose, glycerol and polyvinyl alcohol: effect of water activity on barrier, mechanical and optical properties
Manuel Vazquez, Gonzalo Velazquez, Patricia Cazon, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Biodegradable films based on bacterial cellulose, glycerol and polyvinyl alcohol are a new alternative to develop food packaging with the capac- ity to retard or inhibit the effect of UV radiation. However, these compounds are sensitive to moisture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the modifications of the mechanical, water vapor permeability and optical properties of these composite films depending on their water activity. Results showed that water molecules acted as a plasticizer agent, modifying the mechanical, water vapor perme- ability and optical properties of the developed films. However, an overplastification process took place at higher activity water, resulting in a weakness of film structure and decreasing drastically the elongation. The transmittance in the UV–VIS light region decreased when the activity water increased. No significant variations were observed in color, trans- parency or opacity properties.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...GAB model, Moisture adsorption isotherms, Plasticization, Bacterial cellulose, Mechanical properties, UV-barri...
Ključne besede: GAB model, Moisture adsorption isotherms, Plasticization, Bacterial cellulose, Mechanical properties, UV-barrier properties
Objavljeno: 09.12.2020; Ogledov: 730; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Polno besedilo (552,03 KB)

3.
Environmentally Friendly Films Combining Bacterial Cellulose, Chitosan, and Polyvinyl Alcohol: Effect of Water Activity on Barrier, Mechanical, and Optical Properties
Gonzalo Velazquez, Manuel Vazquez, Patricia Cazon, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The interest in developing new materials intended for food packaging based on bacterial cellulose is growing in the recent years. Flexible and transparent films from bacterial cellulose-chitosan-polyvinyl alcohol have shown excellent UV-barrier properties. However, this composite material interacts with ambient moisture modifying its water activity due to its hydrophilic nature. In this work, an extensive study was carried out to evaluate the changes in the properties of these films as a function of water activity. Moisture adsorption isotherm were described by the GAB method. Results showed the plasticizing effect of water molecules increasing the water vapour permeability of the samples from 1.86·10-12 to 1.17·10-11 g/m·s·Pa, the percentage of elongation from 3.25 to 36.55% and the distance to burst from 0.64 to 5.12 mm. The increase of the water activity dropped the tensile strength values from 74.76 to 38.56 MPa, Young’s modulus values from 3133.46 to 30.71 MPa and burst strength to 703.87 g. The values of the UV-barrier were maintained at the wide range of water activity. Consequently, water molecules do not affect the UV-barrier properties of the films.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...as a function of water activity. Moisture adsorption isotherm were described by the GAB method....
Ključne besede: GAB model, moisture adsorption isotherms, plasticization, bacterial cellulose, mechanical properties, UV-barrier properties, moisture content
Objavljeno: 09.12.2020; Ogledov: 676; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (483,23 KB)

4.
Bacterial cellulose films: Evaluation of the water interaction
Manuel Vazquez, Gonzalo Velazquez, Patricia Cazon, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Bacterial cellulose is a biopolymer that is gaining attention due to its 3D structure, higher purity, porosity and surface area. However, this material can interact with water molecules from the surrounding environment, resulting in alterations of its properties. Hence, the purpose of this study was to analyze the modifications on the mechanical, water vapor permeability and optical properties of bacterial cellulose films as a function of the water activity. Results indicated that water acted as a plasticizer, mainly affecting mechanical and water vapor permeability properties. The moisture adsorption isotherms allowed predicting the moisture content of the bacterial cellulose films at several relative humidity conditions. Values for tensile strength and burst strength ranged from 15.50 to 22.28 MPa and from 145.03–338.10 g, respectively. The elongation and the distance to burst ranged from 1.36 to 3.71 % and from 0.39 to 1.86 mm, respectively. These values increased due to the plasticizing effect of the water molecules. Water vapor permeability values ranged from 1.35·10−12 to 3.13·10-11 g/ m s Pa, showing a significant increase up to 0.48 of water activity. Bacterial cellulose films showed excellent UV-barrier properties in the different water activities evaluated.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...and water vapor permeability properties. The moisture adsorption isotherms allowed predicting the moisture content of...
Ključne besede: GAB model, Moisture adsorption isotherms, Bacterial cellulose, Mechanical properties, UV-barrier properties
Objavljeno: 09.12.2020; Ogledov: 682; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,02 MB)

5.
Regenerated cellulose films combined with glycerol and polyvinyl alcohol: Effect of moisture content on the physical properties
Manuel Vazquez, Gonzalo Velazquez, Patricia Cazon, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Regenerated cellulose-based films combined with glycerol and polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) show interesting UV- light barrier properties, with potential application in food packaging to prevent oxidative deterioration. How- ever, these materials are sensitive to moisture, and their properties could be modified as a function of the relative humidity. Hence, the objective of the present work was to evaluate the changes in the main properties of re- generated cellulose-glycerol-PVOH films depending on the relative humidity. Using the GAB adsorption iso- therms, the moisture content was related with the water activity of the films at several relative humidity conditions. According to the obtained results, water molecules manifested a plasticizing effect modifying the mechanical, water vapour permeability and optical properties of the developed films. Tensile strength and Young’s modulus values ranged from 92.65 to 17.57 MPa and from 3639.09 to 227.89 MPa, respectively. Both of them decreased when the moisture content increased. The mechanical resistance to deformation of films enhanced at high moisture content, changing from 5.88 to 15.97% and from 0.59 to 2.97 mm in the tensile and puncture test, respectively. This effect was also observed for the burst strength. Water vapour permeability increased from 5.15⋅10?10 to 5.44⋅10?9 g/ms Pa when the moisture content increased, being more significative at higher values. No significant variations were observed in the UV-VIS transmittance at different moisture contents. The obtained results allow expanding the knowledge of the behavior of films based on regenerated cellulose.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...on the relative humidity. Using the GAB adsorption iso- therms, the moisture content was related...
Ključne besede: Adsorption isotherms, Plasticization, Regenerated cellulose, Water vapour permeability, Moisture content
Objavljeno: 09.12.2020; Ogledov: 751; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (522,58 KB)

6.
Removal of manganese in batch and fluidized bed systems using beads of zeolite a as adsorbent
Bojana Obradovic, Nataša Novak Tušar, Iztok Arčon, Janez Kovač, Mina Jovanovic, Nevenka Rajić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this study the uptake capacity of Mn(II) ions by zeolite A beads was investigated for different initial Mn concentration (100e400 mg Mn dm^-3) in batch mode at 25e55 C. The obtained adsorption capacity varying from 30 to 50 mg Mn g^-1 demonstrated a high affinity of zeolite A towards Mn(II) present in solutions. Kinetic studies indicated the intra-particle diffusion as the rate limiting step up to 45 C with apparent diffusivities in the range (1.2e2.0) x 10^-13 m2 s^-1 and the activation energy of 21.9 kJ mol^-1, which implies strong interactions between the zeolite A and Mn ions. At 55 C ion-exchange became the rate limiting step. The adsorption isotherms were studied at 25 C showing that the Mn adsorption is the best described by the Langmuir model suggesting a homogenous zeolite surface. XPS analysis of the Mnloaded beads showed that there is no surface accumulation of Mn but an almost uniform Mn distribution inside zeolite A, whereas XANES and EXAFS suggested that the adsorption of Mn(II) was followed by the Mn(II) oxidation and oxide formation. Regeneration of the spent zeolite was examined in 8 adsorption/desorption cycles by a chelating Na2EDTA in a fluidized column. It has been found that zeolite A beads could be reused for at least 4 cycles with satisfactory Mn(II) adsorption efficiencies of about 70%.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...batch mode at 25e55 C. The obtained adsorption capacity varying from 30 to 50 mg...
Ključne besede: Zeolite A Manganese Adsorption kinetics EXAFS/XANES XPS
Objavljeno: 01.04.2016; Ogledov: 3243; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,27 MB)

7.
Structural and CO [sub] 2 capture properties of ethylenediamine-modified HKUST-1 metal-organic framework
Janez Kovač, Angela Terracina, Gianpiero Buscarino, Matjaž Mazaj, Nika Vrtovec, S. Agnello, Iztok Arčon, Nataša Zabukovec Logar, 5, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...functionalization, modification, adsorption, extended X-ray absorption fine structure, materials...
Ključne besede: functionalization, modification, adsorption, extended X-ray absorption fine structure, materials
Objavljeno: 17.10.2020; Ogledov: 868; Prenosov: 0

8.
Oxalic acid adsorption states on the clean Cu(110) surface
Sara Fortuna, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Carboxylic acids are known to assume a variety of configurations on metallic surfaces. In particular oxalic acid on the Cu(110) surface has been proposed to assume a number of upright configurations. Here we explore with DFT calculations the possible structures that oxalic acid can form on copper 110 at different protonation states, with particular attention at the possibility of forming structures composed of vertically standing molecules. In its fully protonated form it is capable of anchoring itself on the surface thanks to one of its hydrogen-free oxygens. We show the monodeprotonated upright molecule with two oxygens anchoring it on the surface to be the lowest energy conformation of a single oxalic molecules on the Cu(110) surface. We further show that it is possible for this configuration to form dense hexagonally arranged patterns in the unlikely scenario in which adatoms are not involved.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: oxalic acid, oxalate, cu(110), copper, surface, adsorption, density functional theory, DFT
Objavljeno: 11.10.2016; Ogledov: 2603; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,21 MB)

9.
Stable carbon isotope analysis of selected halocarbons at parts per trillion concentration in an urban location
M Iqbal Mead, M Anwar H Khan, Ian D Bull, Iain R White, Graham Nickless, Dudley E Shallcross, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: ∂13C values of a suite of halocarbons have been determined in an urban background site in Bristol, UK. A novel mobile preconcentration system, based on the use of multi-adsorbent sample tubes, has been developed for trapping relatively large-volume air samples in potentially remote areas. An Adsorption Desorption System-Gas Chromatography-Electron Capture Detector was used to measure the mixing ratios of the selected halocarbon species, while a Gas ChromatographyCombustionIsotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer was used to determine ∂13C values. For the species with strong local sources, the variation of isotope ratios has been observed over the experimental period. Some of the results reported in the present study differ from previously reported values and reasons for this are discussed. The reporting of different ∂13C values for selected halocarbons from different areas in the present study suggests that ∂13C values may be used to determine the relative magnitudes of anthropogenic and biogenic sources.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...air samples in potentially remote areas. An Adsorption Desorption System-Gas Chromatography-Electron Capture Detector was used...
Ključne besede: Adsorption Desorption System (ADS), Automated Thermal Desorber (ATD), Electron Capture Detector (ECD), Gas Chromatography (GC), Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS)
Objavljeno: 18.07.2019; Ogledov: 1358; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (227,35 KB)

10.
Year-long measurements of C1-C3 halocarbons at an urban site and their relationship with meteorological parameters
Dudley E Shallcross, Brian G R Greally, Alison C Rivett, Damien Martin, Alan Knights, Graham Nickless, Ben Golledge, Iain R White, M Iqbal Mead, M Anwar K Khan, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The mixing ratios of 11 C1–C3 halocarbons have been measured using a GC–twin‐linked ECD system over the period from October 2004 to December 2005 at an urban site in Bristol, UK. Time series and seasonal variations of the halocarbons were analysed over the period to determine biogenic and anthropogenic sources and sinks. Correlations between the target halocarbons were also observed, suggesting common sources within the area. Wind rose plots for all halocarbons have been used to assist in the determination of halocarbons sources. Halocarbon concentrations are highest at low‐wind speeds and decrease as wind speed increases, a few species (CCl4 and CH3Cl most notably) rise at very high‐wind speeds suggesting release from the Bristol Channel.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ... adsorption–desorption system, anthropogenic halocarbons, biogenic halocarbons, electron capture...
Ključne besede: adsorption–desorption system, anthropogenic halocarbons, biogenic halocarbons, electron capture detector, gas chromatography, methyl bromide
Objavljeno: 18.07.2019; Ogledov: 1291; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (897,06 KB)

Iskanje izvedeno v 0 sek.
Na vrh